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Problem Based Learning- Global Hunger Unit


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This illustrates the introduction, process and outcome of the Empty Bowls Student Service Learning Project at CCJHS from 2006-2009. Banquets were held in 2007, 2008 & 2009.

Empty Bowls is a nationally known charity fundraising event for raising awareness about hunger as well as raising money to fight hunger. (Additional program information is available at

A suggested donation of $6 for students and $8 for adults will get you dinner (usually a simple meal of soup, salad, bread, dessert and drink) entertainment by the Jazz Band and Show Choir, a silent auction and raffles of community donated items.
& a handmade bowl to take with you at the end of the night.

CCJHS art students have been hard at work making handmade ceramic bowls for everyone who comes to the event to take home at the end of the night as a reminder of all the “Empty Bowls” in our community and around the world. This “Empty Bowl” serves as a reminder to participants that every time they get out a bowl and have something to put in it, there are many people and pets who have nothing for in theirs.

In 2009 students expanded the theme to “Helping People and their Pets” due to the sharp increase in pet abuse, neglect and abandonment from the rise in economic hardship including rising gas & grocery prices, loss of jobs, foreclosures and natural disasters.

80% of money raised went to the local food pantry & the other 20% was split between the Humane Society and Heart No Kill Shelter.

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Problem Based Learning- Global Hunger Unit

  1. 1. Problem Based Learning <ul><li>Global Hunger Unit </li></ul><ul><li>Z531: Advanced Methods and Materials </li></ul><ul><li>For Artistically Gifted Students </li></ul><ul><li>Indiana University </li></ul><ul><li>Bloomington </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Bizzari </li></ul><ul><li>Melissa Rhinehart </li></ul>
  2. 2. Taba AHA! activity <ul><li>Look at the following </li></ul><ul><li>“What the World Eats” pictures… </li></ul><ul><li>*write your observations on post-it notes </li></ul>
  3. 3. Germany: The Melander family of Bargteheide Food expenditure for one week: 375.39 Euros or $500.07 Favorite foods: fried potatoes with onions, bacon and herring, fried noodles with eggs and cheese, pizza, vanilla pudding Ecuador: The Ayme family of Tingo Food expenditure for one week: $31.55 Family recipe: Potato soup with cabbage
  4. 4. Chad: The Aboubakar family of Breidjing Camp Food expenditure for one week: 685 CFA Francs or $1.23 Favorite foods: soup with fresh sheep meat Japan: The Ukita family of Kodaira City Food expenditure for one week: 37,699 Yen or $317.25 Favorite foods: sashimi, fruit, cake, potato chips
  5. 5. *continue to write your observations on post-it notes
  6. 6. From Global to Local… <ul><li>Now look at statistics from your local Food Pantry </li></ul>
  7. 7. Harrison County Community Services & Food Pantry Statistics <ul><li>Township Total Households Poverty Unduplicated Households </li></ul><ul><li> Population in Township Households Served by HCCS in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Blue River 1,923 780 47 103 </li></ul><ul><li>Boone 1,217 492 28 72 </li></ul><ul><li>Franklin 3,642 1,403 21 72 </li></ul><ul><li>Harrison 10,303 4,287 155 1,001 </li></ul><ul><li>Heath 1,199 495 26 138 </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson 5,213 2,014 87 385 </li></ul><ul><li>Morgan 3,819 1,462 62 303 </li></ul><ul><li>Posey 2,725 1,081 9 142 </li></ul><ul><li>Spencer 1,694 686 28 114 </li></ul><ul><li>Taylor 718 283 0 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Washington 256 105 2 24 </li></ul><ul><li>Webster 1,616 611 21 85 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Taba Making Generalizations <ul><li>Now group your post it notes into categories on the board. </li></ul><ul><li>What themes did you come up with? </li></ul><ul><li>What could the problem be? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Parnes I: Mess What is the problem? Hunger How can artistically gifted students impact global hunger? Indiana State Standard: [] Standard 12 - Students understand how art experiences affect daily life and identify opportunities for involvement in the arts. [ART.7.12.3 & 8.12.3] Identify ways one can become actively involved in supporting the arts in the community. [1-7] The arts are connected to other areas of life.
  10. 10. Parnes II: Fact Finding: <ul><li>Knowledge: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>List what you know about hunger. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recall facts about food costs and / or Food Pantry Statistics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name organizations you know of that help fight hunger and / or poverty </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Questioning: <ul><li>Comprehension: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe the living conditions and surroundings of the families in the pictures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss the quality, quantity and assortment of foods </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Parnes III: Problem Finding Hunger No resources No Jobs Poverty inequality No help from government economy Lack of education Lack of Sharing resources Some countries rich, some poor People within countries can be rich or poor Between people Between countries
  13. 13. Questioning: <ul><li>Application: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make a graphic organizer or chart to brainstorm possible ways to help solve or alleviate the global hunger problem. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. IV: Idea Finding Brainstorming application: Education Political change Art Fair / Festival Send food Habitat For Humanity Fundraiser Jobs Hunger
  15. 15. Questioning: <ul><li>Analysis: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sort brainstorming categories into chart for solution finding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assign each idea points based on questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tally the points for each idea to see which idea is the best to pursue </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Parnes V: Solution Finding Directions: Rate each solution according to a 1-5 point criteria 1 = least likely or most difficult; 5 = best option / most doable TALLY Can the event be repeated in the future? Will it have a lasting impact? Will it involve many people? Will it take a long time to complete? 12 1 5 5 1 4. Jobs 19 5 4 5 5 3. Fundraising 15 5 3 4 3 2. Education 12 1 5 5 1 1. Political Change
  17. 17. Questioning: <ul><li>Evaluation of : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess the options (on your graphic organizer) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Which option had the most points? Why? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defend your opinion (To your group) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why do you feel this is the best option? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus for Acceptance Finding (as a class) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What type of fundraising can integrate art? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Parnes VI: Acceptance Finding Researching Fundraising ideas Internet search Empty Bowls Banquet Fieldtrips Professionals Parent Resources Local Businesses To other Empty Bowls Banquets for organizational ideas Talks / workshops with visiting Professional Potters about making Ceramic bowls Send letters home to parents for parent Volunteers and donations Contact local business Owners to ask for help / Assess interest for involvement Habitat for Humanity Operation Christmas Child No due to travel & age restrictions No due to seasonal & Religious affiliations Scottsburg Middle School New Albany High School Bellarmine University
  19. 19. Parnes VII: Plan of Action
  20. 20. A Brief History of the Empty Bowls Banquet <ul><li>In 1990 a high school art teacher in Michigan helped his students solve a problem.  They were searching for a way to raise funds to support a food drive.  What evolved was a class project to make ceramic bowls for a fund raising meal.  Guests were served a simple meal of soup and bread, and were invited to keep the bowl as a reminder of hunger in the world. For more program history go to: </li></ul>
  21. 21. Our purpose: <ul><li>Today at Corydon Central Junior High School our purpose is the same as the program’s original intent. We hope to raise awareness about hunger issues and are donating all of our proceeds to fight hunger here in our own community. 80% of the proceeds will go to the Corydon Food Pantry (Harrison County Community Services) and 20% to an animal rescue shelter. Simply put, when people go hungry, so do their pets. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>In addition to making nearly 300 bowls for this event, many visual arts students dedicated more time, effort and energy into 1 or more of the 15 different committees necessary make this program a success. You can see examples of their work throughout this paper and in action around the banquet. </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper Committee: Cole McKiever, Jake Pitts, Dylan Jensen, Britton Engleman </li></ul><ul><li>Power point / Movie Maker Committee: Alex Benton, </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsor logo Committee: Casey Sneed, Jeremiah Lopp, Chris Mason, Tim Leonard, Bryce Brocar, Marcus Jones, Logan Croiser, Daniel Fluhr, Ethan Alcorn </li></ul><ul><li>Fundraising / Donations / Silent Auction Committee: Ashley Benningfield, Destiny Sizemore, Austin Burke, Elijah Arms, Bryan Carrello; </li></ul><ul><li>Center piece Committee: Regan Mosley, Olivia Lawson , Nicholas Steiner, Kody Wright, Sarah Bichir, Kitana Beauchamp; </li></ul><ul><li>People Hunger Education Committee: Matt Dreiman, Lucien Burns, Bobby Arrearan, Shane Brown; </li></ul><ul><li>Dog / puppy Education Committee: Brenton Mott, Jonathan Moser, Zach Wiseman, Dustin Wood, Amber Thompson, Aron Arnold, Josh Riley, Tiffany Garrow; </li></ul><ul><li>Cat / kitten Education Committee: Brianna Norris , Felicia Glass </li></ul><ul><li>Other pets Education Committee: Tyler Cato , Justin Sawyer, Kyle Durbin; </li></ul><ul><li>Collage Committee: Samantha Crecelius, Cheyenne Burden, Haley Bruce, Savannah Eschbacher, Symphony LeJeune, Justina Emily, Alexis Cook, Dalton Q. Nichols, Taylor Green </li></ul><ul><li>Ticket Design Committee: Rebecca Popham, Jackie Miller, Sarah Allen, Kelsey Johnson, Guiller Munda, Nathan Peinsipp, Kelsey Manship, Nichole Noland , Trevor Lawerence; </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you card Committee: Sydney Windell, Rachel McGhee, Bridget Kelley, Logan Behagg, Dalton Arnold, Hanna Skelly, Kennedy Schneider, Sydney Pickman; </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising Committee: Hannah Meyer, Megan Monroe, John Higginbotham, Jon Cissell, Hannah Carver, Brittany Blevens, Olivia Worland, Brittany Zaepfel </li></ul>Parnes VII: Plan of Action What Committees need to be formed?
  23. 23. Questioning: <ul><li>Synthesis: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan events, activities and advertising strategies for the Empty Bowls Banquet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create an agenda demonstrating how all of the activities and events will be integrated at the Banquet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design informational literature (brochure / newspaper) and / or presentation (PowerPoint / Movie Maker, etc…) to educate parents, patrons & participants about how this event helps fight hunger </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Parnes VII: Plan of Action ( Synthesizing Banquet Entertainment & Fundraising Activities) Empty Bowls Agenda- (inside brochure)
  25. 25. Parnes VII: Plan of Action Empty Bowls Agenda- (outside brochure)
  26. 26. Parnes VII: Plan of Action Empty Bowls Newspaper
  27. 27. Program Explanation Flyer
  28. 28. Parnes VII: Plan of Action Wheel Throwing Creating Power Point & Movie Maker Presentations T-Shirt Design Contest
  29. 31. Green Ware Bowls
  30. 38. Fired/Glazed Bowls
  31. 39. Products <ul><li>Parnes VII: Plan of Action </li></ul>
  32. 40. Parnes VII: Plan of Action Empty Bowls Banquet Show Choir : Silent Auction Jazz Band Selecting a bowl
  33. 41. Students running the Banquet
  34. 42. JH Art Committee Teacher: Melissa Rhinehart
  35. 44. <ul><li>Community Business </li></ul><ul><li>Banquet Sponsors…. </li></ul>Empty Bowls Newspaper
  36. 45. Questioning: <ul><li>Evaluation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Critique the final product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Student Interview Questions (see following slides of Empty Bowls Newspaper) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  37. 46. Empty Bowls Newspaper Standards Based Evaluation Questions…
  38. 47. Empty Bowls Newspaper Standards Based Evaluation Questions…
  39. 48. Standards Covered: <ul><li>[] Standard 13 - Students identify and make connections between knowledge and skill in art and all other subject areas such as humanities, sciences, and technology. </li></ul><ul><li>[K-HS] Compares and integrates ideas, </li></ul><ul><li>activities and studies across disciplines . </li></ul><ul><li>[ART.7.13.2] Create an integrated product or performance and analyze how integration of disciplines enhances knowledge. </li></ul>
  40. 49. Standards Covered: <ul><li>Indiana State Standards the “Empty Bowls” Banquet would fulfill…. </li></ul><ul><li>[] Standard 12 - Students understand how art experiences affect daily life and identify opportunities for involvement in the arts. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[ART.7.12.3] Identify ways one can become actively involved in supporting the arts in the community. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>[1-7] The arts are connected to other areas of life. </li></ul>
  41. 50. Standards <ul><li>[] Standard 9 - Students develop and apply skills using a variety of two dimensional and three dimensional media, tools, and processes to create works that communicate personal meaning. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[ART.8.9.2] Demonstrate appropriate use of different media, techniques, and processes to communicate themes and ideas in their work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[7-8] Demonstrates ceramics techniques. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[7-8] Demonstrates sculpture techniques. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  42. 51. Facts & Figures: <ul><li>Student involvement: </li></ul><ul><li>Classes involved # of students involvement and contributions </li></ul><ul><li>Jr. Art Committee- (20) leaders in organizing, advertising and running event </li></ul><ul><li>7th & 8th grade Art students – (335) make 200+ ceramic bowls and advertising posters </li></ul><ul><li>Family and Consumer Science </li></ul><ul><li>(FACS) students – (20) make and serve food </li></ul><ul><li>NJHS ( National Junior Honor Society)- (30) desserts </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia students – (23) create PowerPoint presentation on hunger; brochures, </li></ul><ul><li>and flyers </li></ul><ul><li>Band students- (15) Jazz band performance (dinner entertainment) </li></ul><ul><li>Chorus – (22) Show Choir performance (dinner entertainment) </li></ul><ul><li>6th graders- (50) Create “Hunger Awareness” placemats / center pieces </li></ul><ul><li>Some students will be participating in more than one area and in more than one class. </li></ul><ul><li>Supplies : </li></ul><ul><li>Material unit price # total </li></ul><ul><li>Clay: boxes $17.50 x 11 = $192.50 </li></ul><ul><li>Glazes: *bags $22.55 x 5 = $112.50 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bagged dry mix is cheaper than pre-mixed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>18” Rolling pins: each $20.00 x10 = $200.00 </li></ul><ul><li>We are currently only have 6 small rolling pins to make all of these bowls! </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL: $505.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Prices quoted from Columbus Clay Catalog: 1-866-410-CLAY </li></ul>
  43. 52. Culminating Activity <ul><li>Delivering checks to </li></ul><ul><li>& taking tours of </li></ul><ul><li>the </li></ul><ul><li>Food Pantry & Animal Shelters </li></ul>
  44. 53. Resources: <ul><li>Teacher Materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>McDonald’s Making Activities Count (MAC) Grant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul>
  45. 54. Resources: (continued…) <ul><li>Texts (for teachers) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Books: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Davis, Gary A. & Rimm, Sylvia B. (2004) Education of the gifted and talented 5th edition. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Renzulli,J.S. (1977). The enrichment triad model in education of the gifted. Mansfield Center, CT, Creative Learning Press. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>VanTassel-Baska, Joyce & Stambaugh,Tamra. (2006) Comprehensive curriculum for gifted learners, Third Edition. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  46. 55. Resources: (continued…) <ul><li>Texts (for students) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hunger Books: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What the World Eats by Faith D'Aluisio , Peter Menzel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ceramics Books: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>500 Bowls: Contemporary Explorations of a Timeless Design (Lark Ceramics Book) by Marcianne J. E. Miller </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10,000 Years of Pottery , by Emmanuel Cooper </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If These Pots Could Talk by Ivor Noel Hume - Archaeologist & social historian (British, Roman & German pottery) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ceramics in America Series edited by Robert Hunter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CERAMICS: A POTTER’S HANDBOOK fifth edition by Glenn Nelson </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>History of Pottery by Emmanuel Cooper </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Potter's Art and Color & Fire by Garth Clark </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>An Introduction to Art Techniques; Ray Smith, Michael Wright, and James Horton1995; Grade Level: 5-12 (How to book) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  47. 56. Resources: (continued…) <ul><li>Texts (for students) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Articles: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Foreclosure Pets are Silent Victims of Down Markets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Foreclosures slam doors on pets too </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  48. 57. Resources: (continued…) <ul><li>Periodicals </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School Arts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arts and Activities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ceramics Monthly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clay Times </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ceramics Art and Perception </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pottery Making Illustrated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ceramic Review </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Daruma (Japanese magazine in English) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  49. 58. Resources: (continued…) <ul><li>Study Trips </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Empty Bowls Banquets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scottsburg Middle School; </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Albany High School; </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bellarmine University </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local food pantry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Harrison County Community Services </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local humane society / animal shelter / no kill shelter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Harrison County Animal Control </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heart Humane Society No Kill Shelter </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Galleries: (within commutable fieldtrip distance) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Speed Art Museum 2035 S 3rd St, Louisville, KY Tel: (502) 634-2700 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kentucky Museum of Art & Craft 715 W. Main St. Louisville, KY 40202 (502) 589-0102 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  50. 59. Resources: (continued…) <ul><li>Internet Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Websites: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to use PowerPoint: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to use Movie Maker: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to write skits, plays & scripts: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>https:// = Detail&ItemsId =8071 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  51. 60. Resources: (continued…) <ul><li>Websites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to build with clay: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> (coil building) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// (slab building) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> (coil & slab) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// (wheel throwing) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Videos: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ceramics: Throwing and Handbuilding...with Henry Mead </li></ul></ul>
  52. 61. Resources: (continued…) <ul><li>Student Materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brochures (examples from other banquets) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clay, glazes, kiln, potter’s wheel, canvas, modeling tools, banding wheels, plastic, moulds, rolling pins </li></ul></ul>
  53. 62. Resources: (continued…) <ul><li>Speakers </li></ul><ul><li>People & Places: (Where to find local professional artists for classroom visits) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IAC – Southern Indiana Art Council, New Albany, IN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mary Anderson Art Center – Floyds Knobs, IN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preston Art Center – New Albany, IN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contact local Colleges & Universities for ceramic art professors, archeologists, anthropologists historical expertise </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contact Louisville Clay Club for local professional ceramic artist s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contact factories & laboratories for ceramic engineers (designing & manufacturing from dishes, toilets & heating elements to porcelain crowns for dentistry) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rodica McCoy, Ceramic Engineer , University of Louisville Manager and Co-ordinator, IAM-RE Office: Lutz Hall, Room 010; Phone: (502) 852 6348; Email: rodica(at)louisville(dot)edu </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contact Riverside Archeology for Archeologists & Anthropologists in Lousiville, KY </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  54. 63. Resources: (continued…) <ul><li>Teacher Websites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Department of Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Research Rubric http:// </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Divisions of The American Ceramic Society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Art Product Rubric </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Art Criticism Guidelines and Worksheet art _crit.doc </li></ul></ul>