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1. DEMAND HOW THE CONSUMER INFLUENCES HOW I MAKE MONEY
2. LAW OF DEMAND Part 1. As PRICE increases, DEMAND decreases Part 2. As PRICE decreases, DEMAND increases Price goes up Demand goes down Demand goes up Price goes down THEN THEN
3. DEMAND CURVE •A graph that illustrates the demand for a product •It shows how much consumer desire for a product changes as the price changes
4. MARKET DEMAND CURVE: THIS CURVE ILLUSTRATES THE QUANTITIES OF APPLE JUICE DEMANDED AT EACH PRICE AY ALL CONSUMERS IN THE MARKET. \$0 \$1 \$1 \$2 \$2 \$3 50 200 350 500 650 800 Bottles of Apple Juice per week Price per bottle (in dollars) Demand Curve Price of a bottle of Apple Juice Quantity demanded per week \$0.75 800 \$1.00 650 \$1.25 500 \$1.50 350 \$1.75 200 \$2.00 50
5. ELASTICITY OF DEMAND •The degree to which changes in price cause changes in demand or •If we change the price, will demand change a lot or a little?
6. ELASTIC DEMAND •If Demand for a good is very sensitive to changes in price, the demand is ELASTIC Or •If prices changes a little bit, demand will change a lot!
7. EXAMPLE OF ELASTIC DEMAND •Price of pizza goes up even a little bit, demand goes down a lot.
8. ELASTIC DEMAND FOR PIZZA CURVE IS FLAT \$10 \$11 \$12 \$13 \$14 \$15 \$16 1 0 0 2 0 0 3 0 0 4 0 0 5 0 0 6 0 0 Number Purchased per Week Price per Pizza Demand for Pizza
9. INELASTIC DEMAND • Demand for a good that consumers will continue to buy despite a price increase is INELASTIC OR • Even if price changes a lot, demand changes very little
10. EXAMPLE OF INELASTIC DEMAND •The price of soap goes up a lot, the demand stays almost the same.
11. INELASTIC DEMAND FOR SOAP CURVE IS STEEP \$0.00 \$0.50 \$1.00 \$1.50 \$2.00 \$2.50 \$3.00 \$3.50 0 10 20 30 40 50 Quantity Demanded (In Thousands) Price per Bar of Soap Soap
12. FACTORS AFFECTING ELASTICITY • Several different factors can affect the elasticity of demand for a certain good. 1. Availability of Substitutes If there are few substitutes for a good, the demand will not likely decrease as price increases (inelastic), the opposite (lots of substitutes) is also usually true (elastic) Ex. Gasoline has no substitutes- inelastic McDonalds has many (Burger King, etc)- elastic
13. FACTORS AFFECTING ELASTICITY (CONT.) 2. Relative Importance Another factor determining elasticity of demand is how much of your budget you spend on the good. Ex. Mortgage payment must be paid (inelastic) Entertainment (movies, etc.) are elastic
14. FACTORS AFFECTING ELASTICITY (CONT.) 3. Necessities vs. Luxuries Whether a person considers a good to be a necessity or luxury has a great impact on the good’s elasticity of demand for that person. Ex. Food (inelastic) Jewelry (elastic)
15. FACTORS AFFECTING ELASTICITY (CONT.) 4. Change over Time Demand sometimes becomes more elastic over time because people can eventually find substitutes. Ex. Blockbuster used to be the only place to rent videos (inelastic) Netflix, Video on Demand, Pay Per View, are substitutes for Blockbuster (elastic)
16. CHANGE IN DEMAND • A demand curve is only accurate as long as there are no changes other than price that could affect a consumer’s decision • When factors other than price (non-price factors) affect the demand curve, the entire curve shifts to the left or to the right
17. NON-PRICE FACTORS THAT EFFECT DEMAND •These factors will cause the demand curve to shift to the left (less quantity demanded) or to the right (more quantity demanded)
18. CHANGE IN DEMAND: RECENTLY, FARLEY HIGH SCHOOL CHANGED BOYS HOCKEY FROM A VARSITY SPORT TO AN INTRAMURAL SPORT. AS A RESULT, THEY NEEDED TO BUY FEWER HOCKEY PUCKS. THE DECREASE IN DEMAND IS SHOWN BY A SHIFTING DEMAND CURVE. \$0.00 \$0.25 \$0.50 \$0.75 \$1.00 \$1.25 \$1.50 \$1.75 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Original Demand New Demand
19. 1. CHANGE IN INCOME • As people earn more money, the demand for luxury goods will increase • As people earn less money, the demand for luxury goods will decrease • Ex. If I win the lottery, I’ll buy a Jaguar If I get laid off, I’ll take the bus
20. 2. SUBSTITUTION EFFECT • If there is a substitute product, demand for an item may be influenced by the price of the substitute • Ex. If the price of butter goes up, people will substitute margarine.
21. 3. COMPLIMENTARY PRODUCTS • The demand for an item will increase or decrease if the price of a complimentary product (something that goes with it) increases or decreases • Ex. If the price of hot dogs goes up, the demand for hot dogs goes down, thereby decreasing the demand for hot dog buns
22. 4. CHANGE IN ATTITUDES •As people’s attitudes about products change, so does the demand •Ex. Fashion, music, food
23. HOW DOES SCARCITY AFFECT DEMAND? •If there is a scarcity of an item, the demand goes up. •Ex. Gasoline
24. HOW DOES A BOYCOTT AFFECT DEMAND? • If an item is being boycotted, there is little to no demand for the item. • Ex. During the Montgomery bus boycott, there was little or no demand for the Montgomery bus system.
25. HOW DOES THE WAR IN AFGHANISTAN AFFECT DEMAND? • Increased demand for war-related resources • Ex. Metal (bullets, vehicles), cloth (uniforms), gas masks • Increased demand for news • Ex. News interruptions during television shows, new news stations, internet sites.