Chapter 6
A New
Industrial
Age
1877-1900
I. Expansion of Industry
A.Natural
Resources
Oil, Iron, Coal
B. Inventions
Henry Bessemer & William Kelly (1850) –
purified iron = Bessemer Process - STEEL
* Brooklyn Bridge
* Skyscra...
1883
1,595 feet
135 feet
1885
COMMUNICATION
Christopher Sholes (1867) - typewriter
Alexander Graham Bell (1876) - telephone
Thomas Edison – 1,093 patents
Lewis Latimer – “Edison Pioneers”
Fine carbon wire in lightbulb
Granville T. Woods
“Black Ed...
1877,
phonograph
Motion pictures,
1891
Lightbulb, 1879
II. Age of Railroads
Major settlement
for the west –
1869 transcontinental = east & west coast
A. Growth
B. Goals
 New towns & communities
 New markets
 Economic opportunities
 Link trade and interdependence
III. Big BusinessIII. Big Business
Andrew Carnegie – Steel BillionaireAndrew Carnegie – Steel Billionaire
A. Monopolistic Business PracticesA. Monopolistic Business Practices
Vertical IntegrationVertical Integration --
bought ou...
John D. Rockefeller - BillionaireJohn D. Rockefeller - Billionaire
Standard Oil Company of Ohio – Trust
1870 2% by 1880 90...
B.B. Social DarwinismSocial Darwinism
Justified laissez-faire “Hands off,Justified laissez-faire “Hands off,
allowed to do...
IV. Labor Unions
Created for
Better Pay
Shorter Hours
Safer Conditions
MaryMary Harris “Mother” Jones - coal & children –Harris “Mother” Jones - coal & children –
80 million children march, 190...
A. Organizations – Select 3
o NLU – (1866) National Labor Union
o CNLU – (1869) Colored National Labor
o KOL – (1869) – Kn...
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
Ch 6 industrialization 2013
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Ch 6 industrialization 2013

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  • Mass production, rise of big business
  • Ch 6 industrialization 2013

    1. 1. Chapter 6 A New Industrial Age 1877-1900
    2. 2. I. Expansion of Industry A.Natural Resources Oil, Iron, Coal
    3. 3. B. Inventions Henry Bessemer & William Kelly (1850) – purified iron = Bessemer Process - STEEL * Brooklyn Bridge * Skyscraper, Chicago – William Jenney * Railroads
    4. 4. 1883 1,595 feet 135 feet 1885
    5. 5. COMMUNICATION Christopher Sholes (1867) - typewriter Alexander Graham Bell (1876) - telephone
    6. 6. Thomas Edison – 1,093 patents Lewis Latimer – “Edison Pioneers” Fine carbon wire in lightbulb Granville T. Woods “Black Edison” Engineer
    7. 7. 1877, phonograph Motion pictures, 1891 Lightbulb, 1879
    8. 8. II. Age of Railroads
    9. 9. Major settlement for the west – 1869 transcontinental = east & west coast A. Growth
    10. 10. B. Goals  New towns & communities  New markets  Economic opportunities  Link trade and interdependence
    11. 11. III. Big BusinessIII. Big Business Andrew Carnegie – Steel BillionaireAndrew Carnegie – Steel Billionaire
    12. 12. A. Monopolistic Business PracticesA. Monopolistic Business Practices Vertical IntegrationVertical Integration -- bought outbought out all theall the suppliessupplies to controlto control raw materialsraw materials Horizontal IntegrationHorizontal Integration bought outbought out allall companiescompanies thatthat made same productmade same product
    13. 13. John D. Rockefeller - BillionaireJohn D. Rockefeller - Billionaire Standard Oil Company of Ohio – Trust 1870 2% by 1880 90% Out manipulated his competition
    14. 14. B.B. Social DarwinismSocial Darwinism Justified laissez-faire “Hands off,Justified laissez-faire “Hands off, allowed to do” business practiceallowed to do” business practice ““SurvivalSurvival of the fittest in the businessof the fittest in the business world”world” Paid low wages, dangerous conditions,Paid low wages, dangerous conditions, Long hoursLong hours
    15. 15. IV. Labor Unions Created for Better Pay Shorter Hours Safer Conditions
    16. 16. MaryMary Harris “Mother” Jones - coal & children –Harris “Mother” Jones - coal & children – 80 million children march, 190380 million children march, 1903
    17. 17. A. Organizations – Select 3 o NLU – (1866) National Labor Union o CNLU – (1869) Colored National Labor o KOL – (1869) – Knights of Labor –– accepted everyone o AFL – American Federation of Labor o ARU – American Railway Union o IWW – Industrial Workers of the World o UMW – United Mine Workers

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