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Week 2 SPE-MTB-MLE.pdf

Human Developmental Stages

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MTB MLE
LANGUAGE AS
SOCIAL CONTENT
SPE-MTB-MLE, BEED 2105 - Week 2
Prof. MEINRAD C. BAUTISTA, Ph.D.
Opening Prayer:
What you Know: 3 words
Answer:
Human Developmental Stages
What you Know: 1 word
Answer:
Theory
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Week 2 SPE-MTB-MLE.pdf

  • 1. MTB MLE LANGUAGE AS SOCIAL CONTENT SPE-MTB-MLE, BEED 2105 - Week 2 Prof. MEINRAD C. BAUTISTA, Ph.D.
  • 3. What you Know: 3 words
  • 5. What you Know: 1 word
  • 7. What you Know: 2 words
  • 10. Week 2 Discussion: Learning Objectives: 1. To define Developmental Tasks; 2. To know the purpose and characteristics of Developmental Tasks; 3. To be familiar with the major theories of Human Development; and 4. To illustrate the Developmental Task in each stages
  • 11. What are Developmental Tasks? According to Robert H. Havighurst (1953) "A developmental tasks is a task which arises at or about a certain period in the life of the individual, successful achievement of which leads to his happiness and to success with later tasks, while failure leads to unhappiness and difficulty with later tasks."
  • 12. Purpose of Developmental Tasks According to Elizabeth B. Hurlock (Psychologist), development tasks serve the following three purposes: 1. They are guidelines to enable this individual to know what society expects from him at a given age. 2. Developmental tasks motivate the individual to do what the social group expects him to do certain things during his life. 3. Developmental tasks serve to show the individual what lies ahead and what he will expected to do when he reaches the next stage of development in the life span.
  • 13. Characteristics of Developmental Tasks • Development tasks are based on aspirations and need of the society. • Every society or culture has its norms. • Every society expects its members to follow these norms. These norms are in terms of certain essential skills. Mastery over these skills leads to happiness and failure leads to unhappiness. • Some tasks are same for everyone, regardless of where he lives as they are about human biology.
  • 14. Examples of Developmental Tasks Example: Learning to crawl and walk. • Some tasks are different in different societies. Example: tasks of getting occupation in some cultures at very young stage. • The tasks in different age level depend on the person and the society he lives in.
  • 15. What are the major theories of Human Development Developmental Theories • Havighurst’s Development Theory: Developmental Tasks Robert H. Havighurst (1900-1991) American Physicist/ Educator
  • 16. Six Major Age Periods identified by R. Havighurst • Infancy and Early childhood (0-5 years old) • Middle childhood (6-12 years old) • Adolescence (13-18 years old) • Early Adulthood (19-29 years old) • Middle Age (30-60 years old) • Later Maturity (61 years old above)
  • 17. Developmental Tasks at Infancy and Early Childhood Age (0-5 years) • Learning to walk. • Learning to take solid food • Learning to talk • Learning to control the elimination of body wastes. • Learning sex differences. • Achieving physiological stability. • Forming simple concepts of social and physical reality. • Learning to relate oneself emotionally to parents, siblings and other people. • Learning to distinguish right and wrong and developing a conscience.
  • 18. Developmental Tasks of Middle Childhood Age (6-12 years) • Learning physical skills, ordinary games. • Building wholesome attitudes towards oneself as a growing organism. • Learning to get along with age-mates. • Learning appropriate sex role, i.e., masculine or feminine role. • Developing fundamental skills in reading, writing and calculating • Developing concepts necessary for everyday living. • Developing conscience, morality and values. • Achieving personal independence. • Developing attitudes towards social groups and institutions.
  • 19. Developmental Tasks of Adolescence Age (13-18 years) • Accepting one's physique. • Accepting a masculine or feminine role. • Gaining emotional independence from parents and other adults. • Establishing new relations with age-mates of both sexes. • Achieving assurance of economic independence. • Selecting preparing for a vocation. • Developing necessary concepts for civic competence. • Developing intellectual skills. • Developing socially acceptable behavior. • Preparing for marriage and family life. • Developing harmonious moral and scientific values.
  • 20. Developmental Tasks of Early Adulthood Age (19-29 years) • Selecting a partner in life • Learning to live with marriage partner • Getting started in an occupation • Taking a civic responsibility • Starting a family
  • 21. Developmental Tasks of Middle Age Age (30-60 years) • Achieving adult and social responsibilities • Developing adult leisure time activities • Relating to one’s spouse as a person • Establishing and maintaining an economic standard of living.
  • 22. Developmental Tasks of Later Maturity Age (61 and above) • Adjusting to decreasing physical strength and health • Establishing an explicit affiliation with ones’ age group • Establishing satisfactory physical living arrangement
  • 23. What are the major theories of Human Development Developmental Theories Psychoanalytic Theory • Psychosexual Development Theory Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Austrian Psychoanalyst
  • 25. Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory The Id is the “bad boy” of our subconscious. It is an impulsive part of the psyche that seeks pleasure and avoids pain at all costs. The Id wants instant gratification – it is the part of you that grabs for food as a baby or acts to satisfy sexual desires without thinking.
  • 26. Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory The Ego lies in the middle of these two entities. It is in a constant struggle to balance out these two forces and make pleasurable decisions without causing too much damage. It’s like a well-minded adult standing in the middle of two children wanting to overthrow each other.
  • 27. Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory The Super Ego lies on the opposite side of the spectrum. This part of the psyche wants to control the Id. If humans acted only based on receiving instant gratification and immediate pleasure, we would all be in a whole lot of trouble. The Super Ego unconsciously and consciously acts to follow the rules of society and keep the Id from causing some serious damage.
  • 29. What are the major theories of Human Development Developmental Theories Psychoanalytic Theory • Psychosocial Development Theory Erik Erikson (1902-1994) German-American psychoanalyst
  • 30. Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Development Theory Erikson believed that humans’ personalities continued to develop past the age of five, and he believed that the development of personality depended directly on the resolution of existential crises like trust, autonomy, intimacy, individuality, integrity, and identity. Erikson’s highly influential eight-stage theory of development also expanded Freud’s original five stages to encompass the years of life after early childhood. Within this theory, Erikson introduced and described the characteristics of adolescent identity crisis and the adult’s midlife crisis.
  • 31. Erik Erikson’s 8 stages of Psychosocial Development
  • 32. What are the major theories of Human Development Developmental Theories • Stages of cognitive development or the cognitive theory Jean Piaget (1896-1980) Swiss psychologist
  • 33. Jean Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory Jean Piaget is famous for his theories regarding changes in cognitive development that occur as we move from infancy to adulthood. A child’s cognitive development is not just about acquiring knowledge, the child has to develop or construct a mental model of the world. Cognitive development occurs through the interaction of innate capacities (nature) and environmental events (nurture), and children pass through a series of stages.
  • 34. Jean Piaget’s 4 stages of cognitive development 1. Sensory motor stage: birth to 2 years 2. Pre-operational stage: 2 to 7 years 3. Concrete operational stage: 7 to 11 years 4. Formal operational stage: ages 12 and up
  • 35. What are the major theories of Human Development Developmental Theories • Stages of cognitive development or the cognitive theory Lawrence Kohlberg (1927-1987) American psychologist
  • 36. Lawrence Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development
  • 37. Lawrence Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development
  • 39. References: Chourasiya (2012). Developmental Task of Infancy and Childhood. Retrieved from https://www.samareducation.com/2022/05/developmental-task-of-infancy- and- .html#:~:text=Purposes%20of%20Developmental%20Tasks&text=Developme ntal%20tasks%20motivate%20the%20individual,development%20in%20the %20life%20span. Magistrado (2018). Mother Tongue Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE). Retrieved from https://www.slideshare.net/menchiellagas/mother-tongue-multilingual- education-mtbmle Mcleod (2023). Jean Piaget And His Theory & Stages Of Cognitive Development. Simply Psychology. Retrieved from https://www.simplypsychology.org/piaget.html Mcleod (2023). Kohlberg’s Stages Of Moral Development. Simply Psychology . Retrieved from https://www.simplypsychology.org/kohlberg.html Practical Psychology (2023). Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development. Retrieved from https://practicalpie.com/ Practical Psychology (2022). Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality. Retrieved from https://practicalpie.com/