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Java Spring Framework

Frameworks are large prewritten code to which you add your own code to solve a problem in a specific domain. You make use of a framework by calling its methods,inheritance,and supplying “call-backs” listeners. Spring is the most popular application development framework for enterprise Java™. Millions of developers use Spring to create high performing, easily testable, reusable code without any lock-in.

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Introduction to
Spring
framework
SpringMehul
Jariwala
1
• Framework.
• Spring History.
• Key Features of Spring
Framework.
• Spring Architecture.
• Spring Files.
• Steps For Creating Spring Projects.
Overvie
w
2
Framework
 Frameworks are large prewritten code to which
you add your own code to solve a problem in a
specific domain.
 You make use of a framework by calling its
methods,inheritance,and supplying “call-backs”
listeners.
 Example Java’s Swing and AWT classes.They
have a huge amount of code to manage the
user interface and there is inversion of control.
3
Framework
• Software frameworks may include support
programs, compilers , code libraries , tool sets ,
API , Function, Producer , Datafile.
4
Spring
 Spring is the most popular application
development framework for enterprise Java™.
 Millions of developers use Spring to create
high performing, easily testable, reusable code
without any lock-in.
 Open source Java platform since 2003.
 Reduces code and speeds up development.
 Current Version is 4.0 5
Spring layer
Presentation layer – An MVC framework that is most
similar to Struts but is more powerful and easy to use.
Business layer – Lightweight IOC container and AOP
support (including built in aspects)
Persistence layer – DAO template support for popular
ORMs and JDBC
6

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Java Spring Framework

  • 2. • Framework. • Spring History. • Key Features of Spring Framework. • Spring Architecture. • Spring Files. • Steps For Creating Spring Projects. Overvie w 2
  • 3. Framework  Frameworks are large prewritten code to which you add your own code to solve a problem in a specific domain.  You make use of a framework by calling its methods,inheritance,and supplying “call-backs” listeners.  Example Java’s Swing and AWT classes.They have a huge amount of code to manage the user interface and there is inversion of control. 3
  • 4. Framework • Software frameworks may include support programs, compilers , code libraries , tool sets , API , Function, Producer , Datafile. 4
  • 5. Spring  Spring is the most popular application development framework for enterprise Java™.  Millions of developers use Spring to create high performing, easily testable, reusable code without any lock-in.  Open source Java platform since 2003.  Reduces code and speeds up development.  Current Version is 4.0 5
  • 6. Spring layer Presentation layer – An MVC framework that is most similar to Struts but is more powerful and easy to use. Business layer – Lightweight IOC container and AOP support (including built in aspects) Persistence layer – DAO template support for popular ORMs and JDBC 6
  • 7. Spring layer Presentation Logic Layer Business Logic Layer Data Access Layer PHP,JSP,HTML Data Base App Logic Data StorageBrowser View Procedures 7
  • 9. Goals  Make J2EE easier to use  Make the common tasks easier  Promote good programming practice.  You can focus on the domain problems. 9
  • 10.  Lightweight: Spring Framework is lightweight with respect to size and transparency.  Container: Spring Framework creates and manages the life cycle and configuration of application objects.  Spring supports All types of application development: We can develop any type of applications using spring, e.g. Core java, web Application, Distributed application, Enterprise application. Spring Features 10
  • 11. Spring Architecture  The Spring framework is a layered architecture which consists of several modules.  All modules are built on the top of its core container.  It's modular architecture enables integration with other frameworks without much difficulties 11
  • 13. Spring Architecture The Core Module: This module contains the Bean Factory, an implementation of Factory Pattern which creates the bean as per the configurations provided by the developer in an XML file. Core Module The IOC Container. 13
  • 14. Spring Architecture  The AOP Module: AOP is a useful technique that enables adding executable blocks to the source code without explicitly changing it.  AOP to avoid re-implementation of some common behaviour in multiple classes. AOP Spring AOP AspectJ integration 14
  • 15. Spring Architecture  The DAO Module:- (Data Access Object) standardizes the data access work using JDBC, Hibernate or JDO.  This provides an abstraction layer to the low level task of creating a connection, releasing it etc. DAO Spring JDBC Transaction Management 15
  • 16. Spring Architecture  The ORM Module:- Spring doesn’t provides its own ORM implementation but offers integrations with popular Object Relational mapping tools like Hibernate, iBATIS SQL Maps, Oracle TopLink and JPA etc. ORM Hibernate JPA,JDO,OJB 16
  • 17. Spring Architecture  The JEE Module:- It also provides support for JMX, JCA, EJB and JMS etc.  JCA (Java EE Connection API).  EJB (Enterprise JavaBeans).  JMS (Java Message Service). JEE EJB JMS 17
  • 18. Spring Architecture  The Web Module:- Spring comes with MVC framework which eases the task of developing web applications.  It also integrates well with the most popular MVC frameworks like Struts, Tapestry, JSF, Wicket etc. 18
  • 20. Spring Project File  Application Context.xml The Application Context is Spring's advanced container. Similar to Bean Factory, it can load bean definitions. This container is defined by org.springframework.context.ApplicationCont e xtinterface. 20
  • 21. Spring Project File  The most commonly used Application Context implementations. 1. FileSystemXmlApplicationContext − Here you need to provide the full path of the XML bean configuration file. 2. ClassPathXmlApplicationContext − Here you do not need To provide the full path of the XML file but you need to set CLASSPATH. 3. WebXmlApplicationContext − This container loads the XML file with definitions of all beans from within a21
  • 22. Spring Project File  Dispatcher-servlet.xml The Spring Web model-view-controller (MVC) framework is designed around a Dispatcher Servlet that handles all the HTTP requests and responses. 22
  • 23. Spring Project File  Web.xml The /WEB-INF/web.xml file is used to define how to deploy the web module to a Servlet container like JBoss, Tomcat, Glassfish or any other servlet container. Basically web.xml tell container all servlets in the web application with <servlet> element , then tell container when to use which servlet by the url mapping with <servlet-mapping> element. 23
  • 24. Steps For Creating Project  Step 1:- Creating Projects and Select Java Web Application. 24
  • 25. Steps For Creating Project  Step 2:- Write a Name of Java Application Projects And Click Finish. 25
  • 26. Steps For Creating Project  Step 3:- Select Spring Web MVC Frameworks. 26
  • 27. Steps For Creating Project  Step 4:- Structure Of Spring MVC. 27
  • 28. Reference  https://www.roseindia.net/spring/architecture-of- spring.shtml  http://www.java4s.com/spring-mvc/spring-mvc- execution-flow-diagram-spring-mvc-3-2-flow/  https://dzone.com/articles/spring-framework-architecture  https://www.javacodegeeks.com/2013/02/introduction-to- javaee-concepts.html  https://www.javatpoint.com/example-of-spring- application-in-eclipse  https://www.tutorialspoint.com/spring/spring_web_mvc_f ramework.htm  https://stackoverflow.com/questions/4545968/loading- application-context-xml 28