General Information about Turkish EducationSystemOfficial Language: TurkishAlphabet: Latin AlphabetAcademic Year: September through JuneDuration of Schooling: 4+ 4 + 4Compulsory Schooling: 12 years (ages 6-17)
General Information about TurkishEducation SystemNumber of Schools About 62.000Number of Students (formal Education) 17.2 MillionNumber of Teachers 832.000
Turkish National Education System has twomain parts:Formal EducationNon-formal Education
Pre-Primary Schoolsinvolves the education of children in the agegroup of 3 to 5 who have not reached the ageof compulsory primary educationThey are optionalTheir objective is to ensure that children developphysically, mentally and emotionally and readyfor Primary Education
Primary Schoolsprimary school age group is 6 to 9.It’s compulsory.Primary Education is free all state schools.Foreign Language lessons will start at 2nd gradewith new law (Previously it was at 4th grade)Students have 3 hours of English lesson in a week
Primary SchoolsThe purpose of primary education is to ensure thatevery child :acquires the basic knowledge, skills, behaviors, andhabits to become a good citizen,is raised in line with the national moral concepts andis prepared for life and for the next education levelparallel to his/her interests and skills.
Lower Secondary Schools(Elementary)Lower Secondary school age group is 10 to 13.It’s compulsory.Lower Secondary Education is free all stateschools.Students have 4 hours of English lesson in a week
Secondary Schools (High Schools)Secondary Schools age group is 14-19With a new Law in 2012, four years of Secondaryschool is also compulsory today.Secondary Education is free all state schools.Students have to take two general exams shortlycalled YGS-LYS to enroll a University.Every year about 2 million students attend theseexams and 630,000 students get a chance toenroll any faculty, four or two-year collegeaccording to their points. So this exam is veryimportant for every student.
Secondary EducationThere are 5 main types of high-schools in Turkey.Public High-SchoolsAnatolian High-SchoolsScience High-SchoolsVocational High-SchoolsMilitary High Schools
Our School is…A Public High School.4-year-educationMinimum number of lessons in a week 30.Maximum number of students in a class is 30We have 3 hours of English lesson at 9th gradeand 2 hours at other grades
Main Lessons at High SchoolMathsPhysicsChemistryGeometryBiologyTurkish Language and LiteratureHistoryGeographyForeign Language (English)
Secondary SchoolsThe purpose of secondary education is: to give students a minimumcommon culture, to identify individual andsocial problems, to search for solutions, and to prepare the students forhigher education, for profession, for lifeand for business in line with their interestsand skills.
Higher Education (Universities)University Education is mostly 4 yearsBut, Faculty of Medicine is 6 yearsVocational Education is 2 yearsStudents apply Universities with their YGS-LYS ExamGrades (University Entrance Exams)University number in Turkey: 173State University number: 107Foundation (Private) University number: 66
Most Popular 5 Departments atUniversities1. Faculty of Law2. Faculty of Medicine3.Preschool Teaching4.Faculty of Engineering5. Psychological counseling and guidance
University EducationFaculty of Education is very popular.Manystudents want to be teacher.At the end of University education, studentsshould enter another exam called KPSS to workfor government.Government give scholarship for thousands ofstudents who have economic difficulties.
University EducationMain Aims :1. Train students according to our country’sscience policies and the need for labor in higherand various levels of the society2. Providing scientific training at various levels,3. Doing research exploring sciences in furtherdetail in order to finding solutions to scientific,technical and cultural problems especially toones related to our country
FACTS about Turkish Education SystemCompulsory education starts at the age of 6.A lesson duration is 40 or 45 minutes.Course books are given for free for everystudent.Every student will have a tablet pc and eachclassroom have a smart board in a few yearswith Fatih ProjectSchool Uniform is compulsory until the end ofhigh school but with new regulation it won’t becompulsory next year.
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