Szymborska was born on July 2,1923 at Prowencie, and died onFebruary 1, 2012in Krakow. Polish poet, essayist,literary critic, translator,columnist, founder member ofthe Polish Writers Association, amember of the Polish Academyof Sciences and winner of theNobel Prize in Literature in 1996,awarded the Order of the WhiteEagle.
The first poems published in Krakow "Polish Daily", then "rolls"and "Generation". In the years 1947-1948 she was the secretary ofthe bi-weekly educational "Common Cracow" and - among otherthings - dealt with the illustrations for books. In 1949, the firstbook of poems by Szymborska Fri Rows (according to othersources Sewing standards) has not been approved for publication.Censorship PRL stated that "did not meet the requirements of thesocialist". Her first book was published in 1952 a book of poemsFri Thats why we live. Szymborska was admitted to the Union ofPolish Writers. She was also a member of the Association of PolishWriters. In the years 1953-1981 she was a member of the editorialstaff of "Literary Life", where since 1968 pursued a heading"Optional lectures" that were later published in book form as well.In the years 1981-1983 was part of the editorial team of Krakow ofthe "onset". When in the 80s Krakow has been solved "book", its"Reading optional" published in Wroclaw Oder. There haspublished, among others poem "The Cat in an empty apartment,"written after the death of his friend Kornel Filipowicz.
Polish lawyer and diplomat, poet,novelist, essayist, literary historian,translator, and in the years 1951-1989 inexile in France until 1960, then in theUnited States, in Poland in 1980 toppedcensorship, laureate NeustadtInternational Prize for Literature and theNobel Prize in the field of literature,professor at the University of Californiaat Berkeley and Harvard University, andin 1993 he returned to Poland, a memberof the Polish Academy of Sciences, theAssociation of Polish Writers, Knight ofthe Order of the White Eagle, awardedthe title of Righteous Among the Nations.
Poems by Czesław Milosz are intellectual andmetaphors he uses - suggestive. His work from the30s, before World War II is saturated withcatastrophism. It is dominated bymomentum, metaphorical, rhythm, visions of theapocalypse.Poems written during the war are no longer so muchpathos. They are much less ornate. The poet focuses oncommunication line - the clarity of itscontent, philosophical and intellectual. Some of thesepoems dedicated Milosz occupied Warsaw, where hespent almost the entire duration of the war. TheMiłosz attributable to the period of the war is alsovisible conscious departure from the theme of war. Wefind poems describing the beauty of the ordinary
Sienkiewicz was born on May 5, 1846in Wola Okrzejska died on November15, 1916 in Vevey. Polish novelist,novelist and writer of Tatar origin .Winner of the Nobel Prize in Literaturein 1905 for lifetime achievement ,one of the most popular Polish writersof the late nineteenth and earlytwentieth century.Henryk Sienkiewicz was a knight ofthe French Legion of Honor and aforeign member of the SerbianAcademy of Sciences and Arts.
Literary activity began quite early, already in 1867wrote literary criticism, essays on current issues, andfinally novels. Both of these great form of short stories,as well as the thought contained in them progressiveand patriotic young writer endeared great acclaim. Ina slightly later period created a true masterpiecenovella. After a trip to America Sienkiewicz talentreaches its full development: in the years 1883-1888shows a trilogy or "Fire and Sword", "The Flood" and"Pan Michael". The great cycle of historical novels hada huge impact on society, because althoughintroduced long time - will wake and sustainedresistance against the invaders. Sienkiewicz trilogybrought fame, which so far has not made any Polishwriter.
He was born in April 25 May 7,1867 in Grand Kobiele and diedDecember 5, 1925 in Warsaw.Polish novelist, writer andnovelist, one of the mainrepresentatives of realism withelements of naturalism in proseof Young Polish. A small part ofhis legacy are the poems. NobelPrize winner for four volume"peasant epic" Fri peasants .
Reymonts work is diverse in terms of subjectmatter, literary form and uneven in terms ofits value. In the novels of manners signedelements of social criticism. WładysławReymont winner of the Nobel Prize inLiterature for the year 1924. He received itfor his novel peasants. Reymonts rivals forthe award were Zeromski Stefan and ThomasMann, the former was considered betterwriter, but his person was rejected by theNorwegian Nobel Committee, justified hisanti Germandom.
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