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Family diversity
Different types of families
Family
• A family is a group of people who are related
by kinship ties: relations of blood, marriage /
civil partnership o...
Household
• One person living alone or a group of people
who live at the same address and share living
arrangements (shari...
Nuclear
• A family with two generations, of parents and
children, living together in one household
• Still most popular
• ...
Cereal packet family – the myth
• the stereotype of the ideal family found in the
media and advertising. Involves first-ti...
Cohabitation
• Living together without the legal bonds of
marriage or civil partnership)
• Risen due to less social stigma...
Reasons for rise in cohabitation
• Changing role of women – not willing to take on
housewife role in patriarchal family
• ...
Reconstituted
• A family in which both partners have been
previously married, or living as a cohabiting
couple, and bring ...
Beanpole family
• A multi-generation extended, in a patter which is long
and thin, with fewer aunts, uncles and cousins,
r...
Same sex
• Usually nuclear in form, involves adults of the
same sex plus children (own or adopted)
• Only increased over r...
Singletons / singlehood
• Single person household
• Individualization – the process whereby
traditional social relationshi...
Lone parent
• A family with just one parent
• Number of lone parent families has triple since 1971
• New Right view it neg...
Growth in number of lone parent
families
• Economic independence of women – more job
opportunities, welfare state
• Contra...
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Family diversity (AS Sociology Family and Households)

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Household, nuclear, cohabitation, reconstituted, beanpole, same sex, singletons, single hood, lone parent, cereal packet family

Family diversity (AS Sociology Family and Households)

  1. 1. Family diversity Different types of families
  2. 2. Family • A family is a group of people who are related by kinship ties: relations of blood, marriage / civil partnership or adoption. • Cohabitating couples not formally linked by kinship are also often regarded as a family unit.
  3. 3. Household • One person living alone or a group of people who live at the same address and share living arrangements (sharing either one meal a day or living accommodation)
  4. 4. Nuclear • A family with two generations, of parents and children, living together in one household • Still most popular • Idealistic due to media • Cereal packet family • 34% of families are nuclear
  5. 5. Cereal packet family – the myth • the stereotype of the ideal family found in the media and advertising. Involves first-time married parents and their own natural children, with the father as the breadwinner and the mother as primarily concerned with the home and children • New Right theorists and functionalists view it as most desirable • Family life is changing, wide range of types
  6. 6. Cohabitation • Living together without the legal bonds of marriage or civil partnership) • Risen due to less social stigma towards it • In the past considered as ‘living in sin’ • Cheaper alternative to marriage
  7. 7. Reasons for rise in cohabitation • Changing role of women – not willing to take on housewife role in patriarchal family • Reduced functions of family – functionalist • Reduced stigma • Secularization • Rising divorce rate – people deterred, risk • Reducing risk – Beck says we live in ‘risk society’, less controlled by traditional structures and institutions, avoiding long term commitment
  8. 8. Reconstituted • A family in which both partners have been previously married, or living as a cohabiting couple, and bring with them children of a previous relationship. Also known as stepfamily or a blended family.
  9. 9. Beanpole family • A multi-generation extended, in a patter which is long and thin, with fewer aunts, uncles and cousins, reflecting fewer children being born in each generation, but people living longer. • Vertically extended family Great Grandma Grandma Mum Child • Longer life expectancy • Childcare needed
  10. 10. Same sex • Usually nuclear in form, involves adults of the same sex plus children (own or adopted) • Only increased over recent decades • Laws – legislation of gay marriage, Civil Partnership • Allowed to adopt
  11. 11. Singletons / singlehood • Single person household • Individualization – the process whereby traditional social relationships, roles and beliefs lose their influence over the lives of individuals • Financially independent
  12. 12. Lone parent • A family with just one parent • Number of lone parent families has triple since 1971 • New Right view it negatively; results in decline of importance of family life, crime, housing shortages, drug abuse, educational failure • Blame welfare state (e.g. Charles Murray) • Child Support Agency 1993 – fathers must take financial responsibility • Childcare Tax Credit – encouraging employment through help with costs of childcare, nursery expansions, after school clubs
  13. 13. Growth in number of lone parent families • Economic independence of women – more job opportunities, welfare state • Contraception – feeling of less responsibility to marry due to unintentional pregnancy • Reproductive technology – surrogate motherhood and fertility treatments (e.g. IVF) • Changing social attitudes – less social stigma attached to lone parenthood
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Household, nuclear, cohabitation, reconstituted, beanpole, same sex, singletons, single hood, lone parent, cereal packet family

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