Key Points• “Stimulus-Response”• Classical Conditioning• Positive and Negative Reinforcement• Operant Conditioning• All behavior explained without consideration of mental states
Key People• John B. Watson• Ivan Pavlov classical conditioning• B.F. Skinner operant conditioning• E. L. Thorndike connectionism
Teachers Approach• Positive ReinforcementEx: Rewarding children for good behavior with stickers, extra credit, computer game time etc.• Negative ReinforcementEx: Punishing students for bad behavior. Sending them to the principle, taking time away from their play time• Classical ConditioningEx: At the end of a lunch period, teacher uses clapping to gain attention of students. This not only gets the attention but children are conditioned to become quiet.
Students Approach• Operant ConditioningStudents behavior is based off of the consequences they have received previously. So- learning is “increased probability of a behavior based on reinforcement”
Operant Conditioning• Computer-based software -provides positive reinforcement when a desired behavior occurs -provides negative reinforcement when student doesn’t provide desired behavior Click play button
Personal Thoughts on Theory• Negative and Positive reinforcement are inevitable• Students enjoy being rewarded and fear being punished for behavior• Operant Conditioning is very useful to keep students participating and keeping behavior under control in the classroom