Megan Morgan - Child Sex Tourism


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Megan Morgan - Child Sex Tourism

  1. 1. CHILD SEXTOURISM Megan Morgan CRJ 477
  2. 2. What is Child Sex Tourism?  The United Nations (UN) defines child sex tourism (CST) as organized tourism (the nature of which encompasses many activities) that facilitates the commercial sexual exploitation of anyone under 18 years of age. (Patterson, 2007)
  3. 3. Child Sex Tourism  Susan Song is a Senior Program Assistant with Youth Advocate Program International in Washington, D.C. She describes child sex tourism (CST) as “a type of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC), along with child prostitution, pornography, and sex trafficking. CSEC, CST in particular, is a lucrative and ubiquitous practice affecting an estimated 2 million children worldwide, every year.” (Song, 2003)Susan Song  The World Tourism Organization describes CST as “trips organized from within the tourism sector, or from outside this sector but using its structures and networks, with the primary purpose of effecting a commercial sexual relationship by the tourist with residents at the destination", bringing about "the grave health as well as social and cultural consequences of this activity, especially when it exploits gender, age, social (Code of Conduct: Overview) and economic inequality at the destination visited.”
  4. 4. Convention on the Rights of theChild “The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is an internationally recognized agreement between nations which establishes a comprehensive set of goals for individual nations to achieve on behalf of their children” (Convention on the Rights of the  “The child, by reason of his physical and mental immaturity, needs Child, 2012) special safeguards and care, including appropriate legal protection, before as well as after birth.”  “Article 34 : States Parties undertake to protect the child from all forms of sexual exploitation and sexual abuse. For these purposes, States Parties shall in particular take all appropriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent (a) The inducement or coercion of a child to engage in any unlawful sexual activity; (b) The exploitative use of children in prostitution or other unlawful sexual practices; (c) The exploitative use of children in pornographic performances and materials. (Convention on the Rights of the Child, 2007)
  5. 5. Who are the Child Prostitutes? Sexualexploitation  Children that  They have venerealof children is come from poor diseases and areoften directly families very likely to soonrelated to get AIDS  Children that areabuse in the  They would like to illiteratefamilies, pov leaveerty and  Serve between prostitution, but doeconomic two and seven not know howexploitation. clients per day (Facts About Child Prostitution, 2012)
  6. 6. Who are Child Sex Tourists? The majority of sex tourists are  In data gathered from 1991 to adult males from more 1996, of 240 tourists who sexually industrialized countries who travel abused and exploited children in to lesser developed countries Asia in the prior seven years and where laws are weakly enforced faced and sex is cheap and readily arrest, imprisonment, deportation- available. (Song, 2003) , or fled the country, around one- Americans comprise an estimated fourth were American child sex 25% of all sex tourists. Yet 38% of tourists. (Flowers, 2001) sex tourists in Cambodia and 80%  Most foreign tourists who sexually of sex tourists in Costa Rica are exploit children tend to travel from American. (Song, 2003) wealthy, economically developed Pedophiles, which make up a large Western nations to impoverished group of the sex tourists that countries such as those in exploit children, mainly under Southeast Asia with well 12, keep track of news articles that established and commercialized mention the locations of kids and sex tour-ism industries. schools in particularly poor areas. (Flowers, 2001)
  7. 7. Who are Child Sex Touristscontinued (Patterson, 200 7)
  8. 8. Child Sex Tourism Statistics In Cambodia, the Human Rights  In the 1995 Human Rights Watch Vigilance reported that more than Report, one in five brothel 3 in 10 sex workers in the prostitutes in Bombay was country were between 13 and 17 reported to be a female under years of age. the age of 18. In China, the Peking Peoples  Vietnam, as many as one in five Daily reported that in Sichuan prostitutes are under the age of alone over 10,000 children and 18. The rise in juvenile women are sold into sexual prostitution is attributed to a slavery annually. growing sex tourism industry in In Sri Lanka, an estimated the country. 100,000 minors age 6 to 14 are  In Columbia, the Bogota being prostituted in child Chamber of Commerce recently brothels, with 5,000 other re- ported that child prostitution children selling sexual favors in had increased five times in the child sex tourism areas of the preceding seven years. country. (Flowers, 2001)
  9. 9. Fighting Back Against Child SexTourism  There have been 55 child sex tourism cases and 36 convictions brought under the Protect Act, according to Attorney General Alberto Gonzales 2006 trafficking report.  According to the U.S. government, 32 countries have laws that allow them to join the global movement to prosecute their citizens who engage in child sex tourism abroad.  NGOs have been encouraging travel agencies like hotels, airlines and tour operators to sign a "code of conduct" to commit to training staff and advertising the illegality of sex tourism. Since 2004, more than 600 companies around the world have joined the efforts. (Bacon, 2007)
  10. 10. Faces of Child Sex Tourism
  11. 11. (Child and Tourism, 2012)
  12. 12. (Child and Tourism, 2012)
  13. 13. Works CitedBacon, B. (2007, July 17). Stolen Innocence: Inside the Shady World of Child Sex Tourism. Retrieved June 26, 2012, from ABC News: and Tourism. (2012). Retrieved June 26, 2012, from Equations - Equitable Tourism Options: of Conduct: Overview. (n.d.). Retrieved June 26, 2012, from Code of Conduct - We Protect Children from Sex Tourism : on the Rights of the Child. (2007). Retrieved June 26, 2012, from Office of the United Nations High Commissionerfor Human Rights: on the Rights of the Child. (2012). Retrieved June 26, 2012, from Amnesty International USA: About Child Prostitution. (2012). Retrieved June 26, 2012, from Black Box - Images of Asia:, R. B. (2001). The Sex Trade Industrys Worldwide Exploitation of Children. Annals of the American Academy ofPolitical and Social Science , 575, 147-157.Patterson, T. (2007). Child Sex Tourism: A Dark Journey. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin , 76 (1), 16-21.Song, S. (2003, September). Global Child Sex Tourism: Children as Tourist Attractions. Retrieved June 26, 2012, from YouthAdvocate Program International: