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South East Asia Full (No names)


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South East Asia Full (No names)

  1. 2. Influence of India and China <ul><li>Hindu and Buddhist missionaries spread their faiths. </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdoms arose that followed these religions. Indian </li></ul><ul><li>influences helped shape religious culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast Asian poets wrote long, elegant poems in </li></ul><ul><li>Sanskrit -India’s ancient language. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese ideas and culture spread southward through migration and trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese exerted political influence over parts of mainland Southeast Asia; either through direct rule or by </li></ul><ul><li>demanding tributes from local rulers. </li></ul>
  2. 4. Island Trading Kingdoms <ul><li>The Sailendra Dynasty ruled an agricultural kingdom on the island of Java. </li></ul><ul><li>They built the Buddhist Temple of Borobudor which reflected Indi9an influences. It had nine terraced levels like a stepped pyramid. </li></ul><ul><li>They were overthrown by the Srivijayas who became </li></ul><ul><li>wealthy by taxing trade that passed their waters. </li></ul><ul><li>Their capital, Palembang, on Sumatra, became a </li></ul><ul><li>great center of Buddhist learning. </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>The people South Asia which had the slightest influence by India were the Vietnamese. </li></ul><ul><li>During the 100B.C. the Han Dynasty took over northern Vietnamese and they remained under the control of China for 1,000 years. </li></ul><ul><li>As the Chinese’s Tang Dynasty grew in the early 900’s, they broke away and eventually the Vietnamese became an independent kingdom in 939. </li></ul><ul><li>They took in much of Chinese cultural influences, even Buddhism yet they still remained independent and had their own cultural identity preserved. </li></ul><ul><li>From 1009-1225 the rulers of the Ly Dynasty founded their capital at Hanoi and slowly they expanded by conquering the neighboring peoples to the south. </li></ul>
  4. 6. Korean Dynasties <ul><li>Koreans were a group of people who created their own traditions. </li></ul><ul><li>They were greatly influenced by the Chinese in their culture. Like the Japanese, they have taken on borrowed culture to preserve a suitable lifestyle. </li></ul><ul><li>Geography of Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Korea is locate on a peninsula out of the Asian mainland. </li></ul><ul><li>Its climate is hot in the summer and extremely cold in the winter time. </li></ul><ul><li>Only a small part of the land can be successfully farmed on because it is so mountainous. </li></ul><ul><li>The mountains and the surrounding sea, have caused Korea to become very secluded from its neighboring countries. </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>Early History </li></ul><ul><li>In its early days, Korea was controlled by tribes or clans. </li></ul><ul><li>In 108 B.C. Korea was occupied by the Han Empire which created a military government. </li></ul><ul><li>The Koreans adopted the system of centralized government, Confucianism, Buddhism, and a writing system from the Chinese. </li></ul><ul><li>Korean tribes gathered into federations during the Han rule. </li></ul><ul><li>These federations expanded into three kingdoms. </li></ul><ul><li>From the three rival kingdoms, the Silla conquered the other kingdoms as well as the Chinese, taking control of Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>Korean built Buddhist monasteries and created stone and bronze sculptures. Also developing a writing system that used Chinese characters. </li></ul>
  6. 8. ~Koryu Dynasty~ <ul><li>The Silla kingdom took over the Korean peninsula after defeating two other rivaling kingdoms in the mid 600s. </li></ul><ul><li>In 935, Wang Kon became king and named the dynasty Koryu, after one of the other kingdoms. </li></ul><ul><li>When Mongols invaded Korea in 1231, they demanded a large tribute and they enslaved children and artisans. </li></ul><ul><li>The Koryu Dynasty lasted from 935 to 1392. </li></ul>
  7. 9. ~Koryu Dynasty~ <ul><li>Universities trained men to become scholars. </li></ul><ul><li>Social classes were separated completely and it was difficult to move up. </li></ul><ul><li>There was a large gap between wealthy landowners and the peasants. </li></ul><ul><li>Many rebellions took place during the 1100s. </li></ul><ul><li>Scholars and military officials over-threw the dynasty in 1392. </li></ul>
  8. 10. ~Koryu Culture~ <ul><li>Celadon pottery was very popular during the Koryu Period. </li></ul><ul><li>The first national book of Korean history was written during this time. </li></ul><ul><li>Large wooden blocks were carved for the printing of the Buddhist scriptures for 60 years. </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>Bibliography </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Beck, Roger B.. &quot;Kingdoms of Southest Asia and Korea&quot;. World History: Patterns of Interactions . Boston: McDougal Littell, 1999. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Korea. 2005. IChO-2006. http:// = </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standing Buddha of Medicine (Bhaishajyaguru) . 2000–2007. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. http:// = EhvEuorxMVpsCM:&tbnh =94&tbnw=94&prev=/images%3Fq%3DSilla%2Bsculptures%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26channel%3Ds%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DG </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tomb of Wanggon </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gautama Buddha (Sidhartha) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Confucius </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>80,000 wooden printing blocks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Koryo Celadon </li></ul></ul></ul>