•Introduction•History•Geography•Climate•Demographics•Economy•Tourism•Education AND Research•Dance Forms
Introduction Arunachal Pradesh is a state of India. Locatedin northeast India, Arunachal Pradesh bordersthe states of Assam andNagaland to thesouth, and shares international borderswith Bhutan in the west, Burma in the east andthe Peoples Republic of China (PRC) in thenorth. Arunachal Pradesh means "land of the dawn-lit mountains". It is also known as "land of therising sun“ ("pradesh" means "state", "territory"or "region") in reference to its position as theeasternmost state of India.
History The NEFA (North East Frontier Agency) wascreated in 1955. The issue was quiet for nearly adecade, a period of cordial Sino-Indian relations,but the reemergence of the issue was a majorcause of the Sino-Indian War of 1962. Arunachal Pradesh became a separate state ofIndia in 1987 despite the fact that the dispute overits sovereignty has not been settled with China. More recently, Arunachal Pradesh has come toface threats from certain insurgent groups, notablythe National Socialist Council ofNagaland (NSCN), who are believed to have basecamps in the districts of Changlang and Tirap.
Geography Much of Arunachal Pradesh is covered bythe Himalayas. However, partsof Lohit, Changlang and Tirap are covered bythe Patkai hills. Kangto, Nyegi Kangsang, the mainGorichen peak and the Eastern Gorichen peakare some of the highest peaks in this region of theHimalayas. In 2006 Bumla pass in Tawang was opened totraders for the first time in 44 years. Traders fromboth sides of the pass were permitted to entereach others territories, in addition to postalworkers from each country.
Climate The climate of Arunachal Pradesh varieswith elevation. Areas that are at a veryhigh elevation in the Upper Himalayasclose to the Tibetan border enjoy analpine or tundra climate. Below the UpperHimalayas are the Middle Himalayas,where people experience a temperateclimate. Areas at the sub-Himalayan andsea-level elevation generally experiencehumid, sub-tropical climate with hotsummers and mild winters.
Demographics Arunachal Pradesh can be roughly dividedinto a set of semi-distinct cultural spheres, onthe basis of tribal identity, language, religion,and material culture: the Tibetic areabordering Bhutan in the west, the Tani area inthe centre of the state, the Mishmi area to theeast of the Tani area, the Tai area borderingBurma, and the "Naga" area to the south,which also borders Burma. Literacy has risen in official figures to 66.95%in 2011 from 54.74% in 2001. The literatepopulation is said to number 789,943.
Religious percentages in Arunachal Pradesh Hindu: (34.6%) Others : (30.7%) Christian:(18.7%) Buddhist: (13.0%) Muslim: (1.9%) Sikh: (0.1%) Jain: (<0.1%)
EconomyYear Gross Domestic Product1980 1,0701985 26901990 50801995 118402000 17830Arunachal Pradesh accounts for a large percentage ofIndias untapped hydroelectric power production potential.In 2008, the state government of Arunachal Pradesh signeddeals with various Indian companies planning some 42hydroelectric schemes
Tourism Arunachal Pradesh attracts tourists from manyparts of the world. Tourist attractionsinclude Tawang, a beautiful town famous forits Buddhist monastery, Ziro, famous forcultural festivals, the Namdapha tiger projectin Changlang district and Selalake near Bomdila with its bamboo bridgesoverhanging the river. The state is rich in wildlife. Perhaps the highestdiversity of mammals in India is in ArunachalPradesh (200+ species). The diversity of birdsis also very high, 700+ and is second onlyto Assam.
State symbols of ArunachalPradeshState Bird State Flower State Animal State TreeHornbill Fox tail orchid Bos Frontalis Hollong
Education and research The current education system in ArunachalPradesh is relatively underdeveloped. The stategovernment is expanding the education systemin concert with NGOs like Vivekananda Kendra. Rajiv Gandhi University (formerly known asArunachal University) is the premier educationalinstitution, the only university, and North EasternRegional Institute of Science and Technology theonly deemed university in the state. Additionally,there are nine government colleges and fourprivate colleges in different districts, providingstudents a higher education.
Dance Although, dance in Arunachal Pradesh isperformed both by men and women ingroups; yet there are a few dances whichare restricted to men in ArunachalPradesh. Arunachal Pradesh dance suchas the war dances of the Adis, the Igudance of the Mishmi tribe, the ritualisticdance of the Buddhist tribes are meantespecially for the men. Women are strictlyprohibited from performing them .
Pictures related to the abovediscussion-Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh is famous for itsmountainous landscape.The Himalayas bordering ArunachalPradesh