The National Committee of Ethics in Science and
Technology – Argentina
the National Committee of Ethics in Science and Tec...
The National Committee of Ethics in Science and
Technology – Argentina
CECTE evolved as an independent multidisciplinary b...
The National Committee of Ethics in Science and
Technology – Argentina
However, CECTE elaborates recommendations and repor...
The National Committee of Ethics in Science and
Technology – Argentina
• The Committee signed an agreement with the Scienc...
The National Committee of Ethics in Science and
Technology – Argentina
CECTE elaborated recommendations about issues relat...
The National Committee of Ethics in Science and
Technology – Argentina
Case one: conditions to implement ethical values
ac...
The National Committee of Ethics in Science and
Technology – Argentina
• Case two: including ethical issues in
internation...
The National Committee of Ethics in Science and
Technology – Argentina
• Up to now no special ethical considerations
have ...
The National Committee of Ethics in Science and
Technology – Argentina
Bilateral cooperation in health, medical
sciences, ...
The National Committee of Ethics in Science and
Technology – Argentina
Multilateral cooperation in health, medical
science...
The National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology – Argentina
• this is changing now
• Ethical considerations hav...
2 international cooperation for risk assessment
Cases: international access to studies on risk a
nanotechnology
An opportu...
The National Committee of Ethics in Science and
Technology – Argentina
Current Members
• Samuel Finkielman, MD, Former Dir...
The National Committee of Ethics in Science and
Technology – Argentina
• Ivan Izquierdo, PhD in Medicine, Director of the ...
The National Committee of Ethics in Science and
Technology – Argentina
• Armando Parodi, PhD in Biochemistry, Director of ...
The National Committee of Ethics in Science and
Technology – Argentina
• Further Information
• Otilia Vainstok
• Director
• National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology
• Ministerio d...
Argentina - Diapositiva 1
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Argentina - Diapositiva 1

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Argentina - Diapositiva 1

  1. 1. The National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology – Argentina the National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology of Argentina (CECTE) was established in 2001 and is currently under the Ministry of Science, Technology and Productive Innovation (MinCyT). .
  2. 2. The National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology – Argentina CECTE evolved as an independent multidisciplinary body that studies controversial issues related to research ethics and the ethical implications of policies and regulations involving all areas scientific research and new technologies. It identifies ethical questions raised by new advances in science and technology and addresses topics of scientific responsibility for larger social concerns. CECTE does not evaluate clinical trials. These projects are analysed at the National Research Council, at the School of Medicine, the Clinical Research Society and at hospital committees.
  3. 3. The National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology – Argentina However, CECTE elaborates recommendations and reports in the field of bioethics; based on a critical transdisciplinary analysis of the best available evidence and in the light of relevant ethical principles. For each case, the committee appoints experts from different disciplines to produce discussion papers on the state of art of the issues under study. Since 2002, it has received requests for studies and recommendations from different governmental bodies, from public and private institutions and individuals.
  4. 4. The National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology – Argentina • The Committee signed an agreement with the Science and Technology Commission of the National Parliament to study and draft non-binding recommendations on bills involving controversial ethical issues in relation to science, technology and their impact on society and the environment. • Accordingly, CECTE analysed bills related to Biosafety of GMOs in Agriculture (2002); Promotion of Biotechnological Industries (2003); Assisted Reproduction Techniques (2003) and Confidentiality of Genetic Data. • The Committee carried out studies and recommendations for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In particular, CECTE produced two reports on Human Cloning (2004); on Codes of conduct for scientists and institutions in the context of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction (2005).
  5. 5. The National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology – Argentina CECTE elaborated recommendations about issues related to Integrity in the scientific community relations, the Committee began to work on cases related to research integrity and misconduct, and proposed measures to avoid conflicts of interest. CECTE is now working on the organization of a research integrity Latin American network.
  6. 6. The National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology – Argentina Case one: conditions to implement ethical values access to scientific knowledge from clinical tests of pharmaceutical drugs not cover by patents CECTE analysed the expansion in the intellectual property law’s breadth, scope and term over the last 30 years and the ethical and legal concerns it rises regarding the access to the benefits of science and technology. Such process affects the necessary balance between private and public interests in areas that are crucial for cultural, economic and social development. In particular, CECTE focussed on the implications for the healthcare of vulnerable sectors in developing countries. After a two years long study and two workshops, CECTE approved the final report with recommendations supporting the Access to Scientific Knowledge in the Public Domain.
  7. 7. The National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology – Argentina • Case two: including ethical issues in international cooperation. 1. promoting cooperation in research ethics, in particular, with Brazil after a workshop on Neurosciences and Society to analyse the molecular bases of memory formation, retrieval, persistence and extinction held on December 2007, the committee decided that the issue is linked to new developments in medicine and biology; in humanities, in cognitive and social sciences and raises ethical questions and concerns of significance and complexity that have important implications for society and social responsibility of science and research policy. We are organising the 2nd workshop on this subject.
  8. 8. The National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology – Argentina • Up to now no special ethical considerations have been incorporated to the cooperation agreements besides those regularly included in Bilateral cooperation in health, medical sciences and biomedicine. MINCYT has 10 projects currently running or recently finished with EU countries: Germany 3 projects France 4 projects Italy 3 projects Switzerland
  9. 9. The National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology – Argentina Bilateral cooperation in health, medical sciences, biomedicine areas Non EU countries 3 projects currently running or recently finished Brazil, Colombia, Cuba
  10. 10. The National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology – Argentina Multilateral cooperation in health, medical sciences, biomedicine areas: • Ibero-american Programme of Science and Technology for Development (CYTED) • EU Framework Programme FP6 7 projects EU Framework Programme FP7 8 projects
  11. 11. The National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology – Argentina • this is changing now • Ethical considerations have been included in a new agreement with the National Cancer Institute of US. CECTE has asked for the inclusion of social aspects related to the access to health care and prevention and the property of samples
  12. 12. 2 international cooperation for risk assessment Cases: international access to studies on risk a nanotechnology An opportunity for the international action can be the international dialogue a new platform?
  13. 13. The National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology – Argentina Current Members • Samuel Finkielman, MD, Former Director of the Institute for Clinical Investigation, University of Buenos Aires (UBA). He works on Clinical Research. • Stella González Cappa, PhD in Medicine, Full Professor, works on Immunoparasitology and Microbiology research at the School of Medicine (UBA). • Alberto Kornblihtt, PhD in Biochemistry, Full Professor and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute International Research Scholar, works on Molecular Biology at the School of Sciences, UBA. His project studies mechanisms of coupling between transcription and alternative mRNA splicing in human cells. • Karen Hallberg, PhD in Physics, researcher at the Atomic Centre Bariloche and Balseiro Institute, Member of the Pugwash Conferences for Sciences.
  14. 14. The National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology – Argentina • Ivan Izquierdo, PhD in Medicine, Director of the Memory Research Centre, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, Member of the National Academies of Sciences of Argentina, Brazil, the United States and the UE. He works on the molecular mechanisms of formation, evocation, persistence and extinction of memory. • Noé Jitrik, Professor of Literature and critics, at the UBA; UNAM and Colegio de Mexico (Mexico), at United States and UE universities, writer, Director of the Institute of Latin American Literature, UBA. • Aída Kemelmajer, PhD in Law, State Supreme Court Justice, Professor University of Cuyo, Mendoza, and several universities of Argentina and the UE; member of the National Academy of Law and Social Sciences. • Ernesto Maqueda, PhD in Physics; researcher on theoretical physics at Tandar Laboratory. National Commission on Nuclear Energy.
  15. 15. The National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology – Argentina • Armando Parodi, PhD in Biochemistry, Director of the Leloir Foundation, Member of the National Academy of Science of Argentina, USA and other academies in Latin America and Europe, Howard Hughes Medical Institute International Research Scholar. He studies the mechanisms by which proteins that follow the secretory pathway acquire their three- dimensional structures in the endoplasmic reticulum. • Carolina Vera, PhD in Meteorology; Professor and Vice Dean of the School of Sciences, UBA. Chairperson of the American Meteorological Society/STAC Committee on Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and Oceanography. She works on climate change at the Research Centre on Oceanography and Atmosphere, School of Sciences, UBA.
  16. 16. The National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology – Argentina
  17. 17. • Further Information • Otilia Vainstok • Director • National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology • Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Productiva • Address • Ecuador 873, 4° piso • (C1214ACM) Buenos Aires • Republica Argentina • Tel.: (+5411) 4891-8796 (directo) 4891-8300 int.7812 Email: cecte@mincyt.gov.ar. • Website: http://www.cecte.gov.ar The National Committee of Ethics in Science and Technology – Argentina

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