A Plan to Construct
a Rare Isotope Accelerator Facility
KoRIA
S. W. Hong
Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU)
On behalf of Conce...
Accelerators in Korea
1. Pohang Light Source
2.5 GeV electron LINAC: Material and bio sciences
2. KIRAMS (Korea Institute ...
Heavy Ion Accelerator
KoRIA
in the context of
International Science & Business Belt
(ISBB)
International Science & Business Belt (ISBB)
International
Science
Business
Belt
Cutting Edge Science
Globalization of Sci...
Ministry of
Education, Science & Technology
Basic
Science
Institute
Recruitment
of Human
Resources &
International
Laborat...
Status
• Feb. 2008: Int’l Science & Business Belt (ISBB) Team was formed
in the Ministry of Education, Science & Technolog...
Basic Science Institute
Basic Science Institute
International Advisory Committee
Belt Network Promotion CenterIntellectual...
A plan was … to put all these in SeJong City
SeJong City
KOREA
CHINA
JAPAN
Seoul
High-tech & Green industry ZONE
Heavy-Ion Accelerator
Research & Venture ZONE
Commercial & Culture ZONE
University & Resea...
After the negative decision
of the National Assembly…
• The MEST is planning to pursue the
accelerator project separately ...
KoRIA
• Name of the facility
- In Korea we just call it "Heavy Ion Accelerator".
- A tentative name that scientists use: "...
Some Ideas of KoRIA
• Multipurpose
• Two dirvers (Cyclotron & LINAC)
• Both ISOL & In Flight Fragmentation
(In Flight Frag...
Multipurpose Facility
• Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Astrophysics
• Material Science using stable HI & RIB
• Bio and Medica...
Loop 1
• Driver: Cyclotron
H: 70 MeV, ~1mA, D: 35 MeV, ~100μA
• ISOL (Isotope Separation On Line) to produce RIB
Energy ra...
Material/Bio/Medical
Science
High Intensity H- or D- cyclotron
K~100, ~1mA
L2 RFQ
~300 keV/u
L1
Dual Beam
CB-ECR
ED ( Elec...
Loop 2
• Add an ECR Ion Source
• Acceleration of stable heavy ions up to energies of ~ 15 MeV/u
• Main application fields:...
Material/Bio/Medical
Science
High Intensity H- or D- cyclotron
K~100, ~1mA
L2 RFQ
~300 keV/u
L1
ECRIS
(stable HI beam)
Dua...
Loop 3
• Add SC LINAC for accelerating heavy ions up to 200 MeV/u (U) and
fragment separators
on top of the previous confi...
Dispersive
RI catcher (RIC)
Fragmentation Type
Material/Bio/Medical
Science
High Intensity H- or D- cyclotron
K~100, ~1mA
...
Loop 4
• Using the same configuration, but
by acceleration stable heavy ions from ECR ion source
up to ~ 200 MeV/u (U)
• I...
Dispersive
RI catcher (RIC)
Fragmentation Type
Material/Bio/Medical
Science
High Intensity H- or D- cyclotron
K~100, ~1mA
...
Loop 5
• Add another ECR Ion Source and SC LINAC
• Acceleration of stable heavy ions up to energies of ~ 200 MeV/u (U)
• I...
Dispersive
RI catcher (RIC)
Fragmentation Type
Material/Bio/Medical
Science
(U35+ 350μA 이상) Xe20+ (500 μA 이상)
(A/q=6.8) 28...
Loop 6
• Simultaneous runs of “Block 1” and “Block 2 & 3”
• Simultaneous runs of ISOL and In-flight fragmentation
• Full r...
Dispersive
RI catcher (RIC)
Fragmentation Type
Material/Bio/Medical
Science
(U35+ 350μA 이상) Xe20+ (500 μA 이상)
(A/q=6.8) 28...
Loop 7
• Another ISOL method to produce RIB by accelerating p or d through
the SC LINAC
• Main application fields: Nuclear...
Dispersive
RI catcher (RIC)
Fragmentation Type
Material/Bio/Medical
Science
(U35+ 350μA 이상) Xe20+ (500 μA 이상)
(A/q=6.8) 28...
Letters of Intent
• Call for letters of intent only within Korea in 2009.
• 83 LoI’s are received.
5%
12%
22%
5%
15%
15%
8%
6%
8% 4%
Nuclear Fusion/Plasma
Nuclear Energy/Nuclear Data
Nuclear Physics
Nuclear-Astrophysics
M...
59%
National labs
35%
6%
Universities
Overseas
Who submitted LoI?
Conceptual Design Project
116
Ph.D.
36
MS/BS
8
Industry
65
Labs79
Universities
1. Budget : ~ 1.5M $
2. Period : April ~ No...
International Advisory Committee
Technical Review Committee
KoRIA
CD Project
(SKKU)
Accelerator
System
(~ 40)
Instrumentat...
Preliminary Layout
Block I [Unstable RI beam]
Block II
Block III [Stable heavy ion beam]
ISOL
Fragment
Separator
~15 MeV/u...
Ion Source
28GHz
SC ECR IS
ECR IS
Charge
Breeder
Ion Source
ISOL
RFQ
SCL
RFQ
Cyclotron
14 GHz ECR Ion Source
Beam Extracti...
Cyclotron
8 MeV Injector
Cyclotron
K100 SSC Booster
RFQ ECR IS
ISOL
TargetCyclotron
Charge
Breeder
 4 Sector Magnet
 Dee...
RFQ Linac
Frequency 70 MHz
Particle 238U33+
Current 2 pA (Target)
Input energy 10 keV/u
Output energy 300 keV/u
Duty 100 ...
SC Linac
15 MeV/u SC LINAC
70 MHz QWR 15 MeV/u SC LINAC
70 MHz QWR
200 MeV/u SC LINAC
280 MHz HWR
SC Linac
βG = 0.041,
fres= 70 MHz
βG = 0.085,
fres= 70 MHz
βG = 0.285,
fres= 280 MHz
βG = 0.53,
fres= 280 MHz
QWR for low-...
What we need
• Technology
• Human resources
• To make this facility unique and complementary to other
facilities existing ...
Summary
• We want this facility to be designed as an international users’
facility from the initial stage.
• International...
Things may look cloudy and uncertain
now….
Thank you
44
Thank you
국제과학비지니스벨트
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국제과학비지니스벨트

  1. 1. A Plan to Construct a Rare Isotope Accelerator Facility KoRIA S. W. Hong Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU) On behalf of Conceptual Design Project Team
  2. 2. Accelerators in Korea 1. Pohang Light Source 2.5 GeV electron LINAC: Material and bio sciences 2. KIRAMS (Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences) 18 Cyclotrons (50 MeV, 30 MeV 0.6mA, 13 MeV): RI production 3. KIGAM(Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources) 0.5 ~ 2 MeV Van de Graaf: Material sciences 4. Seoul National University 3MV Tandetron: AMS 5. PEFP KAERI (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) 100 MeV 20mA proton LINAC 6. National Cancer Center 235 MeV Proton Cyclotron: Proton therapy
  3. 3. Heavy Ion Accelerator KoRIA in the context of International Science & Business Belt (ISBB)
  4. 4. International Science & Business Belt (ISBB) International Science Business Belt Cutting Edge Science Globalization of Science Science to Business & Knowledge Industry Belt Formation & Synergy Basic Science Institute Heavy Ion Accelerator (for RIB) International Environment Science Business Network Center Creative City of Science & Culture Regional Science Belt - Science project of the present administration -
  5. 5. Ministry of Education, Science & Technology Basic Science Institute Recruitment of Human Resources & International Laboratories Science Business Impact on Local Economy Heavy Ion Accelerator KISTEP KIET KRIHS SKKUSTEPI KBSI Space Program Large Facilities Structure of Planning of ISBB KISTEP Department of International Science & Business Belt
  6. 6. Status • Feb. 2008: Int’l Science & Business Belt (ISBB) Team was formed in the Ministry of Education, Science & Technology • Jan. 2009: ‘General plan’ for ISBB was announced by National Council of Science and Technology (Chair: President) with a total budget: ~ 3 B USD • May 2010: ‘Basic plan’ is submitted to the Ministry. • A special law for the project is submitted to the National Assembly.
  7. 7. Basic Science Institute Basic Science Institute International Advisory Committee Belt Network Promotion CenterIntellectual Property Right Strategy Center Heavy Ion Accelerator Lab Basic Science Research Center Branches of Centers Science Business Center Budget : ~3 B$
  8. 8. A plan was … to put all these in SeJong City SeJong City KOREA CHINA JAPAN Seoul
  9. 9. High-tech & Green industry ZONE Heavy-Ion Accelerator Research & Venture ZONE Commercial & Culture ZONE University & Research ZONE Global ZONE Design of Sejong City
  10. 10. After the negative decision of the National Assembly… • The MEST is planning to pursue the accelerator project separately as an independent science project.
  11. 11. KoRIA • Name of the facility - In Korea we just call it "Heavy Ion Accelerator". - A tentative name that scientists use: "KoRIA“. (Korea Rare Isotope Accelerator). - The official name needs further discussions. • Proposed Construction Budget : ~ 0.45 B USD • Design and R&D: 2009 ~ 2012 • Construction: 2012 ~ 2016 • Conceptual design project started in April, 2010.
  12. 12. Some Ideas of KoRIA • Multipurpose • Two dirvers (Cyclotron & LINAC) • Both ISOL & In Flight Fragmentation (In Flight Fragmentation after ISOL: more exotic beams) • Start from scratch
  13. 13. Multipurpose Facility • Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Astrophysics • Material Science using stable HI & RIB • Bio and Medical Sciences with HI & RIB • Atomic Physics & Fundamental Symmetry • Nuclear Data Production for Energy • Nuclear Fusion (Plasma) • Isotope production?
  14. 14. Loop 1 • Driver: Cyclotron H: 70 MeV, ~1mA, D: 35 MeV, ~100μA • ISOL (Isotope Separation On Line) to produce RIB Energy range of RIB: ~ 15 MeV/u • Main application fields: Nuclear/Atomic/Materials/Bio/Medical Science
  15. 15. Material/Bio/Medical Science High Intensity H- or D- cyclotron K~100, ~1mA L2 RFQ ~300 keV/u L1 Dual Beam CB-ECR ED ( Electric Dipole) ISOL/Target – Ion Source Post Accelerator for RIB (50 %) & Stable Heavy Ion Accelerator (50 %) + H, D, He irradiation - Maximum energy ~10MeV/n, Bio- 15MeV/n ~10 MeV/u ~15 MeV/u (1~3) MeV/n A B ⓑ Block 1 1 Nuclear astrophysics
  16. 16. Loop 2 • Add an ECR Ion Source • Acceleration of stable heavy ions up to energies of ~ 15 MeV/u • Main application fields: Nuclear/Atomic/Materials/Bio/Medical Science • Weighted time-sharing beam operation
  17. 17. Material/Bio/Medical Science High Intensity H- or D- cyclotron K~100, ~1mA L2 RFQ ~300 keV/u L1 ECRIS (stable HI beam) Dual Beam CB-ECR ED ( Electric Dipole) ISOL/Target – Ion Source Post Accelerator for RIB (50 %) & Stable Heavy Ion Accelerator (50 %) + H, D, He irradiation - Maximum energy ~10MeV/n, Bio- 15MeV/n ~10 MeV/u ~15 MeV/u (1~3) MeV/n A B ② ⓑ Block 1 2 Nuclear astrophysics
  18. 18. Loop 3 • Add SC LINAC for accelerating heavy ions up to 200 MeV/u (U) and fragment separators on top of the previous configuration • Driver: Cyclotron H: 70 MeV, ~1mA, D: 35 MeV, ~100μA • ISOL (Isotope Separation On Line) Energy range of RIB: 0.0 ~ a couple of hundred MeV/u • Main application fields: Nuclear asymmetry energy Possibility of producing very exotic nuclei?
  19. 19. Dispersive RI catcher (RIC) Fragmentation Type Material/Bio/Medical Science High Intensity H- or D- cyclotron K~100, ~1mA Feed in RI beam (Produced by ISOL) L2 RFQ ~100 keV/u L1 Multi-purpose Spectrometer 107 p/s ① * High Energy RI(B) (In-Flight) ~150 MeV/n * Low energy (RIB) ② Isol based RIB ③ Gas Catcher Based RIB 15~20 MeV/n ④ In-Flight Stopped RIB  Laser spectroscopy (Mass measurement) ★ Material/Bio/Medical science • H, (D) cyclotron K~100 ~1 mA • ISOL RIB – probe • In-Flight RIC • Stable Heavy Ion Beam (ECR IS) ECRIS (stable HI beam) Dual Beam CB-ECR ED ( Electric Dipole) Degrader Gas cell Ion Guide ISOL/Target – Ion Source Post Accelerator for RIB (50 %) & Stable Heavy Ion Accelerator (50 %) + H, D, He irradiation - Maximum energy ~10MeV/n, Bio- 15MeV/n ~10 MeV/u ~15 MeV/u (1~3) MeV/n A B ② ③ ① ④ ⓑ 200 MeV/u Block 1 Block 2 100 MeV/u 3 Nuclear astrophysics
  20. 20. Loop 4 • Using the same configuration, but by acceleration stable heavy ions from ECR ion source up to ~ 200 MeV/u (U) • In-flight fragmentation method • Main application fields: Nuclear Physics
  21. 21. Dispersive RI catcher (RIC) Fragmentation Type Material/Bio/Medical Science High Intensity H- or D- cyclotron K~100, ~1mA Feed in RI beam (Produced by ISOL) L2 RFQ ~300 keV/u L1 Multi-purpose Spectrometer 107 p/s ① * High Energy RI(B) (In-Flight) ~150 MeV/n * Low energy (RIB) ② Isol based RIB ③ Gas Catcher Based RIB 15~20 MeV/n ④ In-Flight Stopped RIB  Laser spectroscopy (Mass measurement) ★ Material/Bio/Medical science • H, (D) cyclotron K~100 ~1 mA • ISOL RIB – probe • In-Flight RIC • Stable Heavy Ion Beam (ECR IS) ECRIS (stable HI beam) Dual Beam CB-ECR ED ( Electric Dipole) Degrader Gas cell Ion Guide ISOL/Target – Ion Source Post Accelerator for RIB (50 %) & Stable Heavy Ion Accelerator (50 %) + H, D, He irradiation - Maximum energy ~10MeV/n, Bio- 15MeV/n ~10 MeV/u ~15 MeV/u (1~3) MeV/n A B ② ③ ① ④ ⓐ ⓑ 200 MeV/u Block 1 Block 2 100 MeV/u 4 Nuclear astrophysics
  22. 22. Loop 5 • Add another ECR Ion Source and SC LINAC • Acceleration of stable heavy ions up to energies of ~ 200 MeV/u (U) • In-flight fragmentation method • Main application fields: Nuclear Physics
  23. 23. Dispersive RI catcher (RIC) Fragmentation Type Material/Bio/Medical Science (U35+ 350μA 이상) Xe20+ (500 μA 이상) (A/q=6.8) 28GHz SC-ECR 15 MeV/u High Intensity H- or D- cyclotron K~100, ~1mA  production Medical application H2+ D+ Feed in RI beam (Produced by ISOL) L2 RFQ ~300 keV/u L1 Multi-purpose Spectrometer 107 p/s ① * High Energy RI(B) (In-Flight) ~150 MeV/n * Low energy (RIB) ② Isol based RIB ③ Gas Catcher Based RIB 15~20 MeV/n ④ In-Flight Stopped RIB  Laser spectroscopy (Mass measurement) ★ Material/Bio/Medical science • H, (D) cyclotron K~100, ~1 mA • ISOL RIB – probe • In-Flight RIC • Stable Heavy Ion Beam (ECR IS) ECRIS (stable HI beam) Dual Beam CB-ECR ED ( Electric Dipole) Degrader Gas cell Ion Guide ISOL/Target – Ion Source Post Accelerator for RIB (50 %) & Stable Heavy Ion Accelerator (50 %) + H, D, He irradiation - Maximum energy ~10MeV/n, Bio- 15MeV/n Future Extension ~10 MeV/u ~15 MeV/u (1~3) MeV/n A B ② ③ ① ④ ⓐ ⓑ 200 MeV/u Block 1 Block 2 Block 3 100 MeV/u 5 Nuclear astrophysics
  24. 24. Loop 6 • Simultaneous runs of “Block 1” and “Block 2 & 3” • Simultaneous runs of ISOL and In-flight fragmentation • Full run
  25. 25. Dispersive RI catcher (RIC) Fragmentation Type Material/Bio/Medical Science (U35+ 350μA 이상) Xe20+ (500 μA 이상) (A/q=6.8) 28GHz SC-ECR 15 MeV/u High Intensity H- or D- cyclotron K~100, ~1mA  production Medical application H2+ D+ Feed in RI beam (Produced by ISOL) L2 RFQ ~300 keV/u L1 Multi-purpose Spectrometer 107 p/s ① * High Energy RI(B) (In-Flight) ~150 MeV/n * Low energy (RIB) ② Isol based RIB ③ Gas Catcher Based RIB 15~20 MeV/n ④ In-Flight Stopped RIB  Laser spectroscopy (Mass measurement) ★ Material/Bio/Medical science • H, (D) cyclotron K~100, ~1 mA • ISOL RIB – probe • In-Flight RIC • Stable Heavy Ion Beam (ECR IS) ECRIS (stable HI beam) Dual Beam CB-ECR ED ( Electric Dipole) Degrader Gas cell Ion Guide ISOL/Target – Ion Source Post Accelerator for RIB (50 %) & Stable Heavy Ion Accelerator (50 %) + H, D, He irradiation - Maximum energy ~10MeV/n, Bio- 15MeV/n Future Extension ~10 MeV/u ~15 MeV/u (1~3) MeV/n A B ② ③ ① ④ ⓐ ⓑ 200 MeV/u Block 1 Block 2 Block 3 100 MeV/u 6 Nuclear astrophysics
  26. 26. Loop 7 • Another ISOL method to produce RIB by accelerating p or d through the SC LINAC • Main application fields: Nuclear/Atomic/Materials/Bio/Medical Science
  27. 27. Dispersive RI catcher (RIC) Fragmentation Type Material/Bio/Medical Science (U35+ 350μA 이상) Xe20+ (500 μA 이상) (A/q=6.8) 28GHz SC-ECR 15 MeV/u High Intensity H- or D- cyclotron K~100, ~1mA  production Medical application H2+ D+ Feed in RI beam (Produced by ISOL) L2 RFQ ~300 keV/u L1 Multi-purpose Spectrometer 107 p/s ① * High Energy RI(B) (In-Flight) ~150 MeV/n * Low energy (RIB) ② Isol based RIB ③ Gas Catcher Based RIB 15~20 MeV/n ④ In-Flight Stopped RIB  Laser spectroscopy (Mass measurement) ★ Material/Bio/Medical science • H, (D) cyclotron K~100, ~1 mA • ISOL RIB – probe • In-Flight RIC • Stable Heavy Ion Beam (ECR IS) ECRIS (stable HI beam) Dual Beam CB-ECR ED ( Electric Dipole) Degrader Gas cell Ion Guide ISOL/Target – Ion Source Post Accelerator for RIB (50 %) & Stable Heavy Ion Accelerator (50 %) + H, D, He irradiation - Maximum energy ~10MeV/n, Bio- 15MeV/n Future Extension ~10 MeV/u ~15 MeV/u (1~3) MeV/n A B ② ③ ① ④ ⓐ ⓑ 200 MeV/u Block 1 Block 2 Block 3 100 MeV/u 7 Nuclear astrophysics
  28. 28. Letters of Intent • Call for letters of intent only within Korea in 2009. • 83 LoI’s are received.
  29. 29. 5% 12% 22% 5% 15% 15% 8% 6% 8% 4% Nuclear Fusion/Plasma Nuclear Energy/Nuclear Data Nuclear Physics Nuclear-Astrophysics Material Science Bio Science Medical Science Technoloby Development (Laser/Detector) Atomic Physics Safety Areas of interests
  30. 30. 59% National labs 35% 6% Universities Overseas Who submitted LoI?
  31. 31. Conceptual Design Project 116 Ph.D. 36 MS/BS 8 Industry 65 Labs79 Universities 1. Budget : ~ 1.5M $ 2. Period : April ~ November, 2010 3. Manpower : ~ 150 persons
  32. 32. International Advisory Committee Technical Review Committee KoRIA CD Project (SKKU) Accelerator System (~ 40) Instrumentation and users group (~70) Project Management (~ 30) Administration International Cooperation Beam Physics Cyclotron Beam Diagnostics SC Linac RFQ Ion Source Cryogenics Radiation Safety Beamlines : ISOL/ IFF Precision mass measurement Nuclear data measurement Multipurpose spectrometer Public Relations Bio/Medical Sciences Fundamental symmetries (Trap) …. Materials sciences RF system Global control Conventional system Industry Safety issues Domestic Advisory Committee National Research Foundation
  33. 33. Preliminary Layout Block I [Unstable RI beam] Block II Block III [Stable heavy ion beam] ISOL Fragment Separator ~15 MeV/u 200 MeV/u, 2pμA Cyclotron + ISOL + RFQ + SCL SCL + Fragmentation SC ECR IS + RFQ + SCL Stripper Cyclotron
  34. 34. Ion Source 28GHz SC ECR IS ECR IS Charge Breeder Ion Source ISOL RFQ SCL RFQ Cyclotron 14 GHz ECR Ion Source Beam Extraction System Microwave/ Gas Injection Port Magnet / Plasma Chamber
  35. 35. Cyclotron 8 MeV Injector Cyclotron K100 SSC Booster RFQ ECR IS ISOL TargetCyclotron Charge Breeder  4 Sector Magnet  Deep Valley  4 th Harmonics  Expected Beam Intensity 1 mA Injection Energy 8 MeV Extraction Energy 70-100 MeV Beam intensity 1 mA RF- Frequency 60 MHz External diameter 6 m
  36. 36. RFQ Linac Frequency 70 MHz Particle 238U33+ Current 2 pA (Target) Input energy 10 keV/u Output energy 300 keV/u Duty 100 % Type Four vane with window Vane voltage 70 kV RF power (Cu) 70.5 kW Length 4.41 m 3-D Modeling cavity RF Power Amplifier RFQ ECR IS Cyclotron ISOL
  37. 37. SC Linac 15 MeV/u SC LINAC 70 MHz QWR 15 MeV/u SC LINAC 70 MHz QWR 200 MeV/u SC LINAC 280 MHz HWR
  38. 38. SC Linac βG = 0.041, fres= 70 MHz βG = 0.085, fres= 70 MHz βG = 0.285, fres= 280 MHz βG = 0.53, fres= 280 MHz QWR for low-energy linac HWR for high-energy linac Beam axis 1m Parameters Low-energy Linac Medium-energy Linac Cavity type QWR QWR HWR HWR βG 0.041 0.085 0.285 0.53 Frequency (MHz) 70 70 280 280 Numbers 24 112 90 176 Va (MV) 0.6 1.5 1.5 3.2 Epk (MV/m)* 31.7 25.9 27.6 32.7 Bpk (mT) 35.4 57.3 52.4 82.1
  39. 39. What we need • Technology • Human resources • To make this facility unique and complementary to other facilities existing or under construction - Welcome your suggestion • Synergies through international collaboration - MoU: CERN, ISOLDE Collaboration, HIE-ISOLDE, PSI, - Individual: ANL, ORNL, MSU, FNAL, TRIUMF, RIKEN, GANIL, and others - KoRIA was an agenda for Korea-US Joint Committee Meeting on Science and Technology Cooperation (June 14~15) • Budget • International support
  40. 40. Summary • We want this facility to be designed as an international users’ facility from the initial stage. • International collaboration is essential. • We are open for international collaboration and discussions to improve the very preliminary conceptual schematic diagram. • R&D studies on the “instrumentation” is part of the conceptual design project. • A Workshop will be held in Korea in Oct 1~2, 2010 as the 2nd ANPhA (Asian Nuclear Physics Association) Symposium.
  41. 41. Things may look cloudy and uncertain now….
  42. 42. Thank you
  43. 43. 44 Thank you

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