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May 31 Hsbc Cook Kamei


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May 31 Hsbc Cook Kamei

  1. 1. Sandy Cook, PhD Associate Dean, Curriculum Robert Kamei, MD Vice Dean, Education Vancouver, Canada 2007 TBL in the Medical School Admissions Process
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Introductions: Sandy </li></ul><ul><li>Background: Bob </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brief description of Singapore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why TBL was chosen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A brief description of the curriculum </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other interesting facts about the GMS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>What we did with Admissions and why?: Sandy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What we found </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What we can use your help with: Sandy and Bob </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Dr. Sandy Cook </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Associate Dean, Curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dr. Robert Kamei </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vice Dean, Education </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Southeast Asia <ul><li>20 th smallest country, 250 sq miles </li></ul><ul><li>6,430 People/Sq Km, 2 nd most densely populated </li></ul>
  5. 5. Singapore
  6. 7. <ul><li>The beginnings of the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore can be traced to 2000, when Singapore launched an ambitious Biomedical Sciences Initiative designed to make the country the biomedical hub of Asia and to attract both research and health sector manufacturing capabilities to Singapore. </li></ul>History of the GMS
  7. 8. <ul><li>“ Creating and attracting research talent is crucial to Singapore’s drive to become a knowledge-based economy” according to members of the Research Innovation and Enterprise Council, or RIEC, chaired by Prime Minister Lee. (Channel News Asia; 6/7/06) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Over the next 5 years, 1.4 billion will be set aside to fund the development of 3 areas of R&D that will drive Singapore’s economic future.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biomedical science, environmental and water, interactive and digital media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ In the area of biomedical research, in which the country has been actively involved, the focus would be on the second phase of translating basic research to clinical applications” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Today On-line; 8/7/06) </li></ul></ul>Commitment to Physician Scientists
  8. 9. From the Test Tube to the Bedside -- the GMS mission GMS
  9. 10. National University of Singapore
  10. 11. Duke University School of Medicine Durham, North Carolina
  11. 12. Typical Educational Paths <ul><li>Kindergarten </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary School </li></ul><ul><li>Middle School </li></ul><ul><li>High School </li></ul><ul><li>Undergrad University </li></ul><ul><li>Medical School </li></ul><ul><li>Internship & Residency </li></ul><ul><li>Fellowship (optional) </li></ul><ul><li>Attending Physician </li></ul><ul><li>Kindergarten 1 & 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Primary 1–6 </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary 1–4 </li></ul><ul><li>High School </li></ul><ul><li>University (Medical School) </li></ul><ul><li>Internship </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Officer </li></ul><ul><li>Post Grad Specialization </li></ul><ul><li>Registrar </li></ul><ul><li>Consultant </li></ul><ul><li>Senior Consultant </li></ul>USA Singapore 5-6yrs 7-12 13-16 17-18 19-23 24-25 25-on 5 yrs 6-11 12-13 14-17 18-21 22-25 26-on
  12. 14. First-year Courses <ul><li>Molecules and Cells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biochemistry, Immunology, Cell Biology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Normal Body </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anatomy, Physiology, Histology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brain and Behavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavioral Medicine, Neuro-anatomy, Neuro-Biology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Body and Disease </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pathology, Microbiology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Practice Course </li></ul><ul><ul><li>History Taking, Physical Examination, Presentation skills </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>“The learning process can be divided into the accumulation of bits of information (memory) and the movement of this into patterns (thinking). </li></ul><ul><li>The compulsive learner is incapable of thinking. There is always another bit to be memorized and, if they are all learned, there is little time to rearrange the bits. It is also clear that without any bits there is no thinking.” </li></ul><ul><li>Eugene Stead, MD </li></ul><ul><li>Chair, Department of Medicine </li></ul>
  14. 16. Why TBL? <ul><li>Singaporean/Asian Students excel in knowledge/test taking </li></ul><ul><li>To accomplish the mission of the GMS requires attention to “Thinking skills” </li></ul><ul><li>Break down “teacher centered” education to encourage spirit of inquiry </li></ul>
  15. 17. GMS Education Team <ul><li>Dr. Frank Starmer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Associate Dean, Learning Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dr. Doyle Graham </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Course Director, Body and Disease </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dr. Patrick Tan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Course Director, Molecules and Cells </li></ul></ul>
  16. 18. Some facts about our 26 students…. <ul><li>Age: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Average (25 yrs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Range: (21 to 31 years) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gender: Male (7) Female (19) </li></ul><ul><li>Nationality: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Singapore (18) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American (2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indonesia (2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British (1) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Malaysia (1) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philippines (1) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>India (1) </li></ul></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>Undergraduate institutions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Singapore (15) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National University of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States (9) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brown University, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, Davidson College, Emery University, Pomona Claremont College, UC Berkeley, University of Michigan, Utah State University </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>England (1) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oxford College </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Australia (1) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>University of Sydney </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 20. <ul><li>Undergraduate degrees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biology/Life Sciences (14) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering (Mechanical, Bioengineering) (5) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pharmacy/Pharmacology (4) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Science (2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemistry (1) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Graduate degrees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Masters Degree (4) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PhD (1) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 21. Interim Teaching Facility
  20. 22. Singapore General Hospital KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital
  22. 24. Duke – NUS Graduate School of Medicine Singapore CPG – Hillier Team
  23. 25. Duke – NUS Graduate School of Medicine Singapore CPG – Hillier Team
  24. 27. Briefing at a GMS Applicant Interview Day
  25. 28. The Interview
  26. 29. Scene at a GMS Team Learning Session
  27. 31.
  28. 32. Dr. Pat Casey Senior Vice Dean: Research Dr. Ranga Krishnan Vice Dean, Clinical Research
  29. 33. <ul><ul><li>“I have never tried to convert medical students into textbooks. If we did, we would clearly be forced to lower tuition since the best composite of medical knowledge can be purchased for about $150” Eugene Stead, MD </li></ul></ul>
  30. 34. A New Breed of Physician: <ul><li>Well trained to care for patients </li></ul><ul><li>Physician Scientist: able to contribute to the advance of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Critical thinker, does not simply accept conventional wisdom </li></ul><ul><li>Looks at old problems in new and creative ways </li></ul><ul><li>Has a Pioneering spirit, willing and interested in blazing a new trail in science & in one’s professional career </li></ul>