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A PRESENTATION ON COLON CANCER
COLONG <ul><li>Members Name: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phang Zi Feng </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shen Yizhe </li></ul></ul><ul>...
WHAT IS CANCER? <ul><li>Cancer is the second-leading cause of death in the United States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>develops wh...
WHAT IS COLORECTAL CANCER? <ul><li>is the second-leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States </li></ul><ul...
A PICTURE OF THE COLON OR THE LARGE INTESTINE
SYMPTOMS OF COLON CANCER <ul><li>The most common is rectal bleeding </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic bleeding may result in iron ...
WHAT CAUSES COLORECTAL CANCER <ul><li>Family history of colorectal cancer </li></ul><ul><li>A personal history of colorect...
PREVENTION OF COLORECTAL CANCER <ul><li>Regular Screening or testing </li></ul><ul><li>Diet and exercise </li></ul><ul><li...
TREATMENT FOR COLORECTAL CANCER <ul><li>Cancers that have not spread beyond the colon or rectum may require only surgery. ...
TREATMENT FOR COLORECTAL CANCER <ul><li>Types of surgery: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>polypectomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>col...
TEST FOR COLORECTAL CANCER <ul><li>Colonoscopy is a test that allows the doctor to look at the interior lining of the larg...
HOME TREATMENT <ul><li>For nausea or vomiting, watch for and treat early signs of dehydration </li></ul><ul><li>For diarrh...
TREATMENT WITH PALLIATIVE CARE <ul><li>Palliative care  is the care that relieves suffering and improves the quality of a ...
 
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Colon Cancer Simple

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Colon Cancer Simple

  1. 1. A PRESENTATION ON COLON CANCER
  2. 2. COLONG <ul><li>Members Name: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phang Zi Feng </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shen Yizhe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wong Jian Kun Vincent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chow Hao Wen Samuel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Syukri Omar BinTalib </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. WHAT IS CANCER? <ul><li>Cancer is the second-leading cause of death in the United States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>develops when cells in a part of your body begin to grow out of control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer cells can sometimes travel to other parts of the body where they then begin to grow and replace normal tissue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer cells develop because of damage to DNA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer cells usually form a tumour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different types of cancer behave differently </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. WHAT IS COLORECTAL CANCER? <ul><li>is the second-leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>occurs most frequently in men and women > 50 </li></ul><ul><li>usually develops slowly over several years </li></ul><ul><li>is cancer that develops in the colon or the rectum </li></ul><ul><li>The walls of the colon and rectum have several layers of tissue </li></ul><ul><li>The colon has 4 sections </li></ul>
  5. 5. A PICTURE OF THE COLON OR THE LARGE INTESTINE
  6. 6. SYMPTOMS OF COLON CANCER <ul><li>The most common is rectal bleeding </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic bleeding may result in iron deficiency anaemia, which may cause fatigue and pale skin </li></ul><ul><li>These are the likely symptoms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pooping more or less often </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>stool is thinner than usual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>stomach cramping or bloating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bright red blood in or on poop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>unexplained weight loss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>constantly feel tired </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>feel gassy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low iron content in blood (anaemia) etc </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. WHAT CAUSES COLORECTAL CANCER <ul><li>Family history of colorectal cancer </li></ul><ul><li>A personal history of colorectal cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Having had colorectal cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Age > 50 </li></ul><ul><li>Diet: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A diet high in fat, especially fat from animal sources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Overweight </li></ul><ul><li>Smokers are 30% to 40% > likely to die of colorectal cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy use of alcohol </li></ul>
  8. 8. PREVENTION OF COLORECTAL CANCER <ul><li>Regular Screening or testing </li></ul><ul><li>Diet and exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Female hormones </li></ul><ul><li>Other factors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>strong family history of colorectal cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetic tests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People with familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) should start colonoscopy during their teens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People with hereditary non-Polyposis colon cancer should start colonoscopy screening during their twenties </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. TREATMENT FOR COLORECTAL CANCER <ul><li>Cancers that have not spread beyond the colon or rectum may require only surgery. If the cancer has spread, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or both is needed </li></ul><ul><li>Staging is a way for the doctor to tell how far the cancer has spread </li></ul><ul><li>The most common staging system are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage I: cancer has not spread beyond the inside of colon or rectum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage II: cancer has spread into the muscle layer of colon or rectum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage III: cancer has spread to one or more lymph nodes in the area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage IV: cancer has spread to other parts of the body </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. TREATMENT FOR COLORECTAL CANCER <ul><li>Types of surgery: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>polypectomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>colonoscopy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sigmoidoscopy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bowel resection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>colostomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radiation therapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemotherapy </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. TEST FOR COLORECTAL CANCER <ul><li>Colonoscopy is a test that allows the doctor to look at the interior lining of the large intestine through a instrument called a colonoscopy </li></ul><ul><li>A colonoscopy helps to detect ulcers, polyps, tumours, and areas of inflammation or bleeding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a thin, flexible instrument that ranges from 48 inch to 72 inch long </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A small video camera is attached to it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In some cases, the colonoscopy may use fibre optics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, digital video technology has generally replaced fibre optics </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. HOME TREATMENT <ul><li>For nausea or vomiting, watch for and treat early signs of dehydration </li></ul><ul><li>For diarrhoea, do not eat for several hours until you feel better and watch for signs of dehydration </li></ul><ul><li>For constipation, do gentle exercise, drink plenty of fluids and eat lots of foods that contain fibre </li></ul><ul><li>For fatigue get extra rest while you are having chemotherapy or radiation therapy </li></ul><ul><li>For sleep problems go to bed at the same time every night, exercise during the day, and avoiding naps </li></ul><ul><li>For mouth sores: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drink cold liquids and from a straw </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat soft food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rinse your mouth several times a day with a warm saltwater rinse </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. TREATMENT WITH PALLIATIVE CARE <ul><li>Palliative care is the care that relieves suffering and improves the quality of a patient’s life </li></ul><ul><li>Common symptoms that are treated and controlled or relieved by palliative care can include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>fatigue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>depression and anxiety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>trouble breathing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>loss of appetite and weight loss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>confusion </li></ul></ul>

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