Dr David van den Bergh<br />Previously:Lentegeur Psychiatric Hospital, CPT 2006<br />				Khayelitsha Site B CHC, CPT 2006<...
“Tik-Talk”<br />Introduction:	<br />TIK is the latest buzzword in drug circles<br />Becoming increasingly popular amongst ...
What is “TIK” and where does the name come from?<br />Methamphetamine	Man made stimulant (“designer drugs”) <br />						Ex...
Forms:Fine powder<br />OR<br />Colourless crystals of various sizes (looks like ice / glass…)<br />Commonly mixed with:	Ta...
But is TIK illegal?<br />
YES<br />TIK use is illegal<br />
What happens to people who use TIK?<br />Immediately / Acute:<br />Extremely pleasurable RUSH / “FLUSH” followed by a HIGH...
What happens to people who use TIK?<br />When it wears off:<br />LOW<br />Exhaustion<br />Depression<br />NB Many people u...
What happens to people who use TIK?<br />Later / Chronically:<br />OD (Poisonous additives, the user never knowing exactly...
NB This is the reason for psychiatric treatment and hospital admission (ex Lentegeur). Because it was difficult to counsel...
How do we test for TIK use?<br />Urine testing within 4 days of using<br />Logic = MONDAYS…<br />
How do we treat TIK addiction?<br />NB No substitute drug and detox not possible<br />Treat Symptomatically (Elevated Body...
Why such a huge response?<br />Manufactured at home… easy<br />Highly addictive. Over 6 months of use 95 % of those who us...
Statistics from the Cape Town Drug Counselling Centre (CTDCC):<br />
Attractive to very young first-time users with the greatest increase in users to be &lt; 20 years old. Some even as young ...
Statistics from the Cape Town Drug Counselling Centre (CTDCC):<br />
Look out for these warning signs with friends / Is someone you know in trouble?<br />Dilated pupils<br />Jaw clenching<br ...
Interesting Fact : FERGIE<br />Black Eyed Peas<br />She admits in the new issue of <br />	Time Magazine, feeling high in <...
Don’t use TIK! <br />Dr David van den Bergh<br />
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Tik Talk Medi Cape

4,833 views

Published on

The effects, symptoms and rehabilitation options associated with TIK abuse.

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,833
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
7
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
12
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Tik Talk Medi Cape

  1. 1. Dr David van den Bergh<br />Previously:Lentegeur Psychiatric Hospital, CPT 2006<br /> Khayelitsha Site B CHC, CPT 2006<br />Presently:Private General Practitioner<br />
  2. 2. “Tik-Talk”<br />Introduction: <br />TIK is the latest buzzword in drug circles<br />Becoming increasingly popular amongst school children<br />Far more is being done to clamp down on dealing TIK than on any other drug in South Africa (Helen Zille)<br />
  3. 3. What is “TIK” and where does the name come from?<br />Methamphetamine Man made stimulant (“designer drugs”) <br /> Extremely addictive<br />NB Was marketed as a way of losing weight, making it popular especially under GIRLS<br />Other Names:Crystal / Crystal METH / Straws / Globes / Ice<br /> TIK / “TUK-TUK” = Sound when smoked…<br />
  4. 4. Forms:Fine powder<br />OR<br />Colourless crystals of various sizes (looks like ice / glass…)<br />Commonly mixed with: Talcum powder<br /> Baking powder<br /> Starch<br /> Sugar<br /> Quinine … <br />How is it used:Smoked (MOST Common)…<br /> Snorted / Orally / Injection<br />Sold in “straws”: R40 – R80 a straw<br />
  5. 5. But is TIK illegal?<br />
  6. 6. YES<br />TIK use is illegal<br />
  7. 7. What happens to people who use TIK?<br />Immediately / Acute:<br />Extremely pleasurable RUSH / “FLUSH” followed by a HIGH (Euphoria = DOPAMINE) which can last for several hours (depending on the drugs quality and quantity). NB The reason for addiction / abuse.<br />Takes days for the body to recover fully.<br />Jaw clenching<br />Increased / irregular heart rate and blood pressure -> Blood vessel damage -> Strokes<br />Dilated pupils (Big eyes)<br />Elevated body temperature (hyperthermia)<br />Diarrhea / Nausea / Vomiting<br />Extremely active and energetic -> Awake for hours or days / inability to sleep<br />Increased libido (sexual drive)<br />Loss of appetite (seldom get hungry) and go for long periods without food<br />Anxiety / extreme restlessness<br />Unpleasant sensations (Needles / Insects crawling under the skin = fornication)<br />Shaking / Tremors / Jitteriness<br />Convulsions / Fits<br />
  8. 8. What happens to people who use TIK?<br />When it wears off:<br />LOW<br />Exhaustion<br />Depression<br />NB Many people use sleeping tablets / mandrax / dagga to help come down from the high… to sleep<br />-><br />
  9. 9. What happens to people who use TIK?<br />Later / Chronically:<br />OD (Poisonous additives, the user never knowing exactly what he / she is using)<br />Tolerance…<br />Out of Control Rages / Violence / Anxiety / Confusion / Mood disturbances / Insomnia<br />Coma <br />Stroke<br />Death<br />Psychosis = Hallucinations = seeing / hearing things that are not there<br /> = Paranoid delusions = examples…<br /> = Violence (reasons = paranoia… money to get more… homicide / suicide)<br /> = Flight of ideas (jumping from one topic to the next)<br />
  10. 10.
  11. 11. NB This is the reason for psychiatric treatment and hospital admission (ex Lentegeur). Because it was difficult to counsel psychotic patients, their psychosis must be dealt with before they could begin rehabilitation.<br />NB People unable to afford private treatment face a scarcity of available facilities that can treat psychotic patients. Average cost of R25000 for 3 weeks in private hospitals…<br />NB Prolonged use not only changes behaviors, but literally changes the brain in fundamental and long lasting ways (permanent brain damage)<br />NB Anyone given enough TIK will eventually become psychotic<br />NB Increased risk of of HIV / STDs… promiscuous sex without protection because of lack of inhibition<br />
  12. 12. How do we test for TIK use?<br />Urine testing within 4 days of using<br />Logic = MONDAYS…<br />
  13. 13. How do we treat TIK addiction?<br />NB No substitute drug and detox not possible<br />Treat Symptomatically (Elevated Body Temp / Fits…<br />
  14. 14. Why such a huge response?<br />Manufactured at home… easy<br />Highly addictive. Over 6 months of use 95 % of those who use are addicted.<br />Neurotoxic / causes definite brain damage<br />
  15. 15. Statistics from the Cape Town Drug Counselling Centre (CTDCC):<br />
  16. 16. Attractive to very young first-time users with the greatest increase in users to be &lt; 20 years old. Some even as young as 10. Crescent Clinic’s Chemical Dependency Unit is treating children as young as 13. Range of drug users from 10 to 54.<br />The largest age group with TIK as their primary drug of choice:<br />15 – 19 &gt;20 – 24 &gt; 25 – 29 &gt; 10 – 14<br />
  17. 17. Statistics from the Cape Town Drug Counselling Centre (CTDCC):<br />
  18. 18. Look out for these warning signs with friends / Is someone you know in trouble?<br />Dilated pupils<br />Jaw clenching<br />Rapid speech<br />Anxiety<br />Aggression <br />Loss of appetite and weight loss<br />Insomnia<br />Hearing voices / Seeing things that aren’t there<br />Paranoia<br />More… glass straws, bulbs… <br />
  19. 19. Interesting Fact : FERGIE<br />Black Eyed Peas<br />She admits in the new issue of <br /> Time Magazine, feeling high in <br /> the past meant using crystal meth.<br />&quot;It was the hardest boyfriend <br />I ever had to break up with“.<br />
  20. 20. Don’t use TIK! <br />Dr David van den Bergh<br />

×