The Power of Editing


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The Power of Editing

  1. 1. The Power of Editing<br />Objective:<br />To develop our understanding of what editing and narrative are and how they are used<br />
  2. 2. What is editing? What is narrative?<br />
  3. 3. Watch this clip from Morgan Spurlock’s ‘Supersize Me’. <br />Question: What do you see?<br />
  4. 4. We think we see...<br /> Spurlock eating a McDonalds meal and then throw up.<br /> However, we don’t see that at all. We see him take a few bites, make vomiting sounds out of the window and then we see what looks like vomit on the floor. <br />
  5. 5. Ellipses<br /> In this scene, the editor has used ellipses to make the audience “fill in the blanks”.<br /> Write down a summary of how ellipses works in this scene.<br />
  6. 6. Narrative<br /> Editing constructs a narrative out of footage.<br /> Watch the following clip from Screenwipe to see how this could apply to reality TV.<br />
  7. 7. What is narrative?<br /> Create your own narrative theory. <br />Give your theory a name<br />Write down what you think every narrative needs. What is the difference between a narrative and events?<br />
  8. 8. Key theorists<br />Todorov<br />Sydfield<br />Propp<br />1. Equilibrium – a balanced/settled state of affairs<br />2 Disruption – an event happens to upset the equilibrium<br />3. Recognition of the Disruption – the protagonist must realise that their live has been disrupted, this usually results in them setting a goal.<br />4. Attempts to repair the Disruption – the protagonist has to overcome obstacles to restore order. The harder it is the more entertaining the film is.<br />5. A new state of Equilibrium the narrative is resolved when a new balanced state of affairs exists.<br />Propp's Character Types Theory – based on fairy tales<br />Propp’s theory states that there are character types that perform the same function in most narratives:<br />Hero – who is on the quest <br />Villain – who opposes the hero<br />Donor – provides the hero with an object (magical) so that they can complete their quest<br />Dispatcher – who sends the hero on a mission.<br />False Hero – who tempts the Hero away from his quest <br />Helper – who helps the hero<br />Princess – who needs protecting and saving by the hero. Is often the reward for the hero<br /> Modern - used by film makers.<br />1. The first Act – Set Up ( 30 minutes) The most important, as most movie watchers will decide in 10 minutes whether they like the film or not. Vital that the first 10 mins is good.<br />2. In the rest of the first 30 mins the audience learn about the nature of the problem facing the hero.<br />3 The Second Act – Confrontation – The longest Act, we see the main character in a number of extreme problem situations where they confront the enemy.<br />4 Act Three – Resolution – The hero takes control in the struggles to their problems and achieve a final, decisive victory.<br />
  9. 9. Put this to the test...<br /> In your groups, think of a few examples which support one of these narrative theories.<br /> More importantly, can you think of any texts which do not follow these rules.<br />
  10. 10. Review<br /> Look back on your description of editing and narrative, which you completed at the start of the lesson.<br /> What can you now add?<br />