أنظمة التحكم في المعدات الثقيلة

173 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
173
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

أنظمة التحكم في المعدات الثقيلة

  1. 1. ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ EF ٢٥٣
  2. 2.  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬         W،،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫؛‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬        ،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ،  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬??? ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ?‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫؛‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬       
  3. 3. ٢٥٣ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬      ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬    W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  KK‫א‬‫א‬
  4. 4. ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١ -36-
  5. 5.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    W‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    K‫א‬‫א‬ K١  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢    K٪٧٥‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    W‫א‬‫א‬    W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬     W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬   -1-
  6. 6.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -2-
  7. 7.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ J١    W‫א‬‫א‬   J١    J٢ K  J٣ K  J٤    K‫א‬‫א‬ J١ J١E١FK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬      ‫א‬ J٥  ‫א‬‫א‬ J١   J٦  ‫א‬ J٢  ‫א‬ J٧  ‫א‬‫א‬ J٣   J٨  ‫א‬ J٤  ‫א‬‫א‬E١F -3-
  8. 8.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٦F‫א‬‫א‬E٥F‫א‬E٤F‫א‬‫א‬E٣F‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬ J٢ J١E٢FK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   KKE-Jetronic‫א‬‫א‬      ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J٧  ‫א‬ J١   J٨  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J٢  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J٩  ‫א‬ J٣  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J١٠  ‫א‬ J٤  ‫א‬ J١١  ‫א‬ J٥  ‫א‬ J١٢  ‫א‬‫א‬ J٦  KE-Jetronic‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢F -4-
  9. 9.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬      E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬    K‫א‬‫א‬ J٣ J١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬      ‫א‬ J٦   J١   J٧  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J٢   J٨  ‫א‬ J٣  ‫א‬ J٩  ‫א‬‫א‬ J٤  ‫א‬ J٥  ‫א‬‫א‬E٣F -5-
  10. 10.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬ J٤ J١ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٤FK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬        ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٤F   -6-
  11. 11.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ J٢  ،E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EFEF‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    WE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬  KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬ J  KE‫א‬F?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬ J    W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J١ J٢  K‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬ J  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J  KKKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF J  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،   K‫א‬‫א‬   -7-
  12. 12.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J٢ J٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬W‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    W‫א‬‫א‬ J١ J٢ J٢  K‫א‬ J  K‫א‬ J  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J  K‫א‬ J    W‫א‬‫א‬ J٢ J٢ J٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J  K‫א‬‫א‬ J  K‫א‬‫א‬ J  K‫א‬ J    W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J٣ J٢ J٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J    W‫א‬ J٤ J٢ J٢  K‫א‬‫א‬ J  K‫א‬‫א‬ J  K‫א‬‫א‬ J  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J  K‫א‬ J -8-
  13. 13.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J٥ J٢ J٢  K‫א‬‫א‬ J  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J  K‫א‬‫א‬ J  K‫א‬‫א‬ J  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬     ‫א‬ J٣  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥F‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬? ?K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٣‫א‬K‫א‬  K(3Kg /cm2)٢L٣‫א‬‫א‬ -9-
  14. 14.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬    E٥F    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J١ J٣‫א‬E٦F،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬١٠ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬١٠  ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬      E٦F   - 10 -
  15. 15.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬١٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫؟‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬K٢١٠،٢٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬E٢١F‫א‬‫א‬      E٧F  ‫א‬E٥٠FE٧F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬     - 11 -
  16. 16.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ J٢ J٣ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE٨F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KEF‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬      ‫א‬‫א‬E٨F   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J٣ J٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K  K‫א‬،،‫א‬K‫א‬   - 12 -
  17. 17.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ J٤ J٣?‫א‬‫?א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫?א‬،‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬??K‫א‬     K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ E١ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ E٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ E٣‫א‬???‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬?‫?א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬F??‫א‬‫א‬  KE‫א‬  K?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫?א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J٥ J٣‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א؟‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬   - 13 -
  18. 18.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J٦ J٣E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ - K‫א‬ - K‫א‬ - K‫א‬ -    W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ - K‫- א‬ KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫- א‬ K‫א‬ - K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫- א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J٤K‫א‬،‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    W‫א‬ J١ J٤،‫א‬EF‫؟‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K??‫א‬   K‫א‬?‫א‬? - 14 -
  19. 19.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬?K٣‫א‬‫א‬  KE٩F،‫א‬        ‫א‬E٩F    W‫א‬ J٢ J٤KE٢١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬?٢L?‫א‬K‫א‬(b)،(a)‫א‬E١٠F   ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ١٠ - 15 -
  20. 20.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬E١٠F    W‫א‬،‫א‬٢٢٠،٢٥‫א‬‫א‬  K٢L٢Z٢٥/١٠Z(a)‫א‬  K٢L٠{٥Z٢٢٠/١٠Z(b)‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K٢L٧٠ JW  K٢L٢١٠ J٧٠W  K٢L٣٥٠ J٢١٠W  K٢L٣٥٠W‫א‬‫א‬    E‫א‬F‫א‬ J٣ J٤،L‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   KE١١F،(cc)٣١٠٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،(lit/min)  K?‫?א‬‫א‬ - 16 -
  21. 21.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬E١١F      ‫א‬ J٤ J٤‫א‬??،‫א‬ ‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬   KEF‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬C‫א‬Z‫א‬    ‫א‬E١٢F‫א‬(Kg.m)?K?  K١٥‫א‬K١٥Z٣C٥ - 17 -
  22. 22.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬E١٢F    ‫א‬‫א‬ J٥ J٤‫א‬K٧٥‫א‬(horsepower)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧٥‫א‬E١٣FK‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K(1m/s)      E١٣F   - 18 -
  23. 23.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  "Formulas"‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J٦ J٤  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    K‫א‬C‫א‬Z‫א‬  K‫א‬÷‫א‬Z‫א‬  ٤٥٠٠÷‫א‬C‫א‬Z‫א‬‫א‬  ٧٥÷‫א‬C‫א‬‫א‬Z‫א‬  L‫א‬،٢L‫א‬،K‫א‬،‫א‬    K‫א‬،               - 19 -
  24. 24.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  "Exercise" J٥    K?‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬  ٢١٠٠Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ٢L٩٠Z‫א‬  J   L٥Z‫א‬ ٢L٤٥Z‫א‬  J   L١٠Z‫א‬    W‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  KEF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  J١ KELF‫א‬‫א‬  J٢ KEKF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  J٣ KEpsF‫א‬‫א‬  J٤   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬        ٥  ٩٠            ١٠  ٤٥     - 20 -
  25. 25. ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٢ -36-
  26. 26.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬    W‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬     .‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٣  K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٤    K‫א‬٪٧٥‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    W‫א‬‫א‬    W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    W‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - 21 -
  27. 27.  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٥٣  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

×