SlideShare a Scribd company logo

ROLEOFRESERVEBANKININDIANBANKINGSYSTEM.pdf

M
Mdshamir5

rbi

1 of 11
Download to read offline
See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/351599838
Role of Reserve Bank in Indian Banking System
Conference Paper · May 2021
CITATIONS
0
READS
14,953
4 authors, including:
Rajesh Babu Dasari
Sanskrithi School of Business
17 PUBLICATIONS 4 CITATIONS
SEE PROFILE
All content following this page was uploaded by Rajesh Babu Dasari on 15 May 2021.
The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file.
241 | P a g e
Role of Reserve Bank in Indian Banking System
1
D. Rajesh Babu , 2
S.THORANAJAKSHI , 3
M.SYAMALA
1
(Assistance professor) Management studies Gates institute of technology, Gooty
JNTU, Anantapuramu
2,3
MANAGEMENT STUDIES (MBA) Gates Institute Of Technology, Gooty
JNTU,Anantapur
Abstract
The RBI was established on April1-1935.under RBI act 1934on the recommendation of
JHON HILTON commission1926 called royal commission on Indian currency and finance
RBI head quarters in Mumbai . RBI is different banks is there are commercial banks market
size can be categorized 6 large 15 medium and 22 small pear groups public sector banks in
India 27 and nationalized banks 19. Associated banks in India 5 they are
SBBJ,SBH,SBM,SBP&SBT.Now two banks are including public sector banks IDBI and
Bharathiyamahila banks RBI had played an important role in the economic development and
financial control in the country RBI issue of currency notes to maintain financial stability in
the countries. The current RBI governor is shaktikanthadas. Banking structure in India can
devided into two groups scheduled bank's and another one Non scheduledbank's . Scheduled
bank's again devided 2 types co-opreative bank's commercial Banks. This paper explain
commercial Banks role on private Banks .RBI was merely credibly introduces the lender and
the borrower, and facilities recovery.this paper contains RBI performance of Indian banking
system .is an explore role, functions,objectives
Key words :Reserve Bank of India growth, Indian banking system, financial control
Introduction
The Reserve Bank of India was established inthe year 1934.The RBI started operations in the
year of 1935.RBI is Back Bone of all Indian banking operations. RBI has tremendous role to
control and monetary a currency operations. All currency operations instructed to the banks
through various quality and quantitative techniques made by the RBI. Hence all banks most
242 | P a g e
obey the guidelines provided by the RBI RBI his managed by central board of directors with
4 local board at Mumbai, Delhi, Calcutta and Chennai. It has one Governor and 15 other
directors.RBI control cash flows, bank rates foreign exchange and reserves management, debt
management financial regulation and super vision.The RBI plays multi disciplinary nature of
its functions. The RBI including private sectors banks in India14.
7 new private sectors.Foreign banks in India 43 banks.
Objectives of RBI
 The reserve Bank of India recent updates overview
 The reserve Bank of India role on commercial Banks
 The reserve Bank of India role on private Banks
 The reserve Bank of India role on monetary control
Review of literature
The study is purely based on secondary data . The study will be conducted with reference to
the relate to commercial Banks, private Banks, these Banks have been studied with belief that
they hold the largest banking business in India
 According to Nisar Khan and Rahmatullah (2005): have made an attempt to examine the
performance of the schedule commercial Banks in general public sector Banks in
particular during the post refrom period said private Banks , foreign Banks and their
performance within other bank's countries.
 According to Seema Malik (2014). : said that banking system in India is facing
number of challenges needs and Perception of customers new regulation from time to
time advances in technology , mainly explained innovation in banking sectors ATM
,retail banking , credit, debit cards free services , online banking mobile banking and
money mare valu
 According to MandeepkourBansal (2017) : The reserve Bank of India is the central bank
of India main entrusted with the multidimensional role . Mainly explain role of reserve
243 | P a g e
Bank of India in Indian Economy. Reserve Bank of India role, functions and contribution
of RBI in Indian Economy
 According to Indian Banks association : mainly study on article customers service
provided by all commercial Banks aimed at fostering healthy competition improve
upon their customer services public sector Banks and private sector needs to improve
heigher levels of customer satisfaction .
 Shri S.R mittal (2001). : Chairman of committee on internet banking constituted
by RBI . Internet banking to use the fast growing internet medium in banking
transaction.
. The reserve Bank of India with recent updates over view
 RBI to provides $ 400 million to central bank of srilanka under swap arrangement
 Recently appoint andhar architect NadanNilekani as chairman of panel on digital
payments
 Reserve Bank of India likely to pay bumper interim dividend to help government
 Reserve of scales down printing of 2000 minimum says government source
 Calmour grows for review of reserve Bank of India ownership rules private bank's as
kotak decline approaches
 Market movers per capital GDP set to $ 2k GST relief for small business financial
deficit
 RBI governor apprised of SME's credit seek Creation of revival scheme for stressed
MSME
Reserve Bank of India role on commercial bank
Commercial Banks perform all kinds of banking activities such as accepting deposits,
advancing loans promote .the use of cheques financial internal and foreign trade these are
primary functions. Secondary function of commercial Banks agency services, general
utility services. Commercial Banks are four types public, private, regional rural bank's ,
foreign Banks . Public banking again devided two types one State Bank of India, and
nationalisedbank's . Commercial Banks improved private bank's services .
244 | P a g e
Function's of RBI
The RBI some important function's and frame work in the bankingsector and economy .the
RBI introduced various policies in bankingsector maintain close and countinuses
collaboration between government .they are different functions as they are follows.
 Banker's Bank
 Bankerto government
 Controller of banks
 Statutory reserves
 Monetary policy of the RBi
1. Banker's Bank
The RBi are also called central bank can be called as bankesrs bank .realtionship between co-
opreative banks and central banks .and major part of the business .it keeps a part of deposits
of commercial banks and acts as lender of last resort by providing financial assistance to
banks
2. Banker to the government
RBIis a banker to U/s -20 for central bank and U/s 21-A for it provides to the
governments all banking services such as acceptance of deposits , withdrawal , cheques,
making payments as well as receipts and collection of payments .it provides ways and means
advances section 17sub section 5 to government.
3.Controller of banks
The RBI controls of central and co-operative Bank . RBI also acts ad controller of bank's in
India in 2nd schedule of the act. RBI issues loans and currency .RBI issues directions Carrie's
inspection and monetary control.
4. Statutory resevers
The RBImaintaincertain percentage of the assets in liquid cash from under statutory liquity.
ratio and cash resever ratio. This two instruments of credit control. The CRR refers to the
cash which bank's have maintain with the RBI as a certain percentage of their demand and
time liabilities since 1962 separate CRR was fixed in respect of demand liabilities 5% and
time Liabilities 2%.. present cash resever ratio. .SLR was introduced 1980 on raising the
cost of refinance .SLR present rate. .
245 | P a g e
5. Monetary policy of the RBI
Monetary policy defined as policy and central supply of money as instrumentfor
achieving the objectives of general economic policy . monetary main objective economic
growth ,price stability , maintain exchange rate stability, balance of
payments,fullemployment.monetary policy measure s two types 1.qualitative measure s
2.quantitative measure.
A. Price stability
Monetary policy controls the Price's day to day inflation and deflation .Easy monetary or
dear money policy income and wealth inequalities are removed .the main objective of
monetary policy is price stability.
B. Economic growth
Monetary policy economic growth of objective .if income and price stability develop the
economy.monetary stability so that the business and economic life can deliver welfare
impove .
C. Financial stability
Monetary policypromote and development of financial infrastructure of markets and
enable to operate efficiently.monetary policy develop the small and medium busines
D. Balance of payment
Balance of payment introduced 1950 has been to equilibrium in BOP.
Monetary policy maintainequalpayments system so that financial transaction can safely
correctly executed.
E. Full Employment
Monetary policy maintain price stability , financial, Balance of payment and also
developed a country .in developing countries main important agreculutre, village and small
scale business.it also imporve credit supply.
Role of RBI
1. Note issuing authority
The RBI has sole right or authority or monopoly of issuing a currency notes other than one
rupee notes and coins,and of smaller denomination.The banks issues by notes in the
following denominations 2,5,10,20,50,100,500and 1000 .The RBI issuesagainst the security

Recommended

reforms in banking sector of india
reforms in banking sector of indiareforms in banking sector of india
reforms in banking sector of indiaShreya Pathak
 
ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF SBI AND BOB
ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF SBI AND BOB ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF SBI AND BOB
ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF SBI AND BOB Jeetu Matta
 
Functions of central bank in india
Functions of central bank in indiaFunctions of central bank in india
Functions of central bank in indiaNayan Vaghela
 
Reserve bank of india
Reserve bank of indiaReserve bank of india
Reserve bank of indiaISHA JAISWAL
 
MBA HDFC bank Porject
 MBA HDFC bank Porject MBA HDFC bank Porject
MBA HDFC bank PorjectAchut B Roogi
 
Report 2 - Indian Banking system & Evolution
Report 2 - Indian Banking system & EvolutionReport 2 - Indian Banking system & Evolution
Report 2 - Indian Banking system & EvolutionSudiksha Joshi
 

More Related Content

Similar to ROLEOFRESERVEBANKININDIANBANKINGSYSTEM.pdf

Current banking scenario and Job opportunities in banking
Current banking scenario and Job opportunities in bankingCurrent banking scenario and Job opportunities in banking
Current banking scenario and Job opportunities in bankingLipika Sharma Shrivastava
 
Report on Role of RBI in agriculture development in India
Report on Role of RBI in agriculture development in IndiaReport on Role of RBI in agriculture development in India
Report on Role of RBI in agriculture development in IndiaVijay Raskar
 
Reserve bank of_india
Reserve bank of_indiaReserve bank of_india
Reserve bank of_indiaNeha Sharad
 
Finacial institutions
Finacial institutionsFinacial institutions
Finacial institutionsfeniljiwani
 
SFSK personal loan project Kolhapur
SFSK personal loan project KolhapurSFSK personal loan project Kolhapur
SFSK personal loan project KolhapurNishant Khatedar
 
Role of Reserve Bank of India in Economic Development
Role of Reserve Bank of India in Economic DevelopmentRole of Reserve Bank of India in Economic Development
Role of Reserve Bank of India in Economic DevelopmentMohammad Imad Shahid Khan
 
Comparison between public sector & private sector
Comparison between public sector & private sectorComparison between public sector & private sector
Comparison between public sector & private sectorDharmik
 
Role Of RBI.pdf
Role Of RBI.pdfRole Of RBI.pdf
Role Of RBI.pdfYasmine476
 
A Study on Emerging Challenges & Opportunities for Indian Banking Sector
A Study on Emerging Challenges & Opportunities for Indian Banking SectorA Study on Emerging Challenges & Opportunities for Indian Banking Sector
A Study on Emerging Challenges & Opportunities for Indian Banking Sectorinventionjournals
 
A Study on Emerging Challenges & Opportunities for Indian Banking Sector
A Study on Emerging Challenges & Opportunities for Indian Banking SectorA Study on Emerging Challenges & Opportunities for Indian Banking Sector
A Study on Emerging Challenges & Opportunities for Indian Banking Sectorinventionjournals
 
Strategic management process of HDFC Bank
Strategic management process of HDFC BankStrategic management process of HDFC Bank
Strategic management process of HDFC BankKomal Sahi
 
AN IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS OF PAYMENT BANKS
AN IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS OF PAYMENT BANKSAN IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS OF PAYMENT BANKS
AN IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS OF PAYMENT BANKSKomal Nalawade
 

Similar to ROLEOFRESERVEBANKININDIANBANKINGSYSTEM.pdf (20)

Banking sector
Banking sectorBanking sector
Banking sector
 
09 d31e0021
09 d31e002109 d31e0021
09 d31e0021
 
Current banking scenario and Job opportunities in banking
Current banking scenario and Job opportunities in bankingCurrent banking scenario and Job opportunities in banking
Current banking scenario and Job opportunities in banking
 
Report on Role of RBI in agriculture development in India
Report on Role of RBI in agriculture development in IndiaReport on Role of RBI in agriculture development in India
Report on Role of RBI in agriculture development in India
 
Reserve bank of_india
Reserve bank of_indiaReserve bank of_india
Reserve bank of_india
 
Reserve Bank Of India
Reserve Bank Of IndiaReserve Bank Of India
Reserve Bank Of India
 
Banking system in india
Banking system in indiaBanking system in india
Banking system in india
 
Finacial institutions
Finacial institutionsFinacial institutions
Finacial institutions
 
Rbi rbi ppt 13
Rbi  rbi ppt 13Rbi  rbi ppt 13
Rbi rbi ppt 13
 
SFSK personal loan project Kolhapur
SFSK personal loan project KolhapurSFSK personal loan project Kolhapur
SFSK personal loan project Kolhapur
 
Role of Reserve Bank of India in Economic Development
Role of Reserve Bank of India in Economic DevelopmentRole of Reserve Bank of India in Economic Development
Role of Reserve Bank of India in Economic Development
 
Comparison between public sector & private sector
Comparison between public sector & private sectorComparison between public sector & private sector
Comparison between public sector & private sector
 
Role Of RBI.pdf
Role Of RBI.pdfRole Of RBI.pdf
Role Of RBI.pdf
 
A Study on Emerging Challenges & Opportunities for Indian Banking Sector
A Study on Emerging Challenges & Opportunities for Indian Banking SectorA Study on Emerging Challenges & Opportunities for Indian Banking Sector
A Study on Emerging Challenges & Opportunities for Indian Banking Sector
 
A Study on Emerging Challenges & Opportunities for Indian Banking Sector
A Study on Emerging Challenges & Opportunities for Indian Banking SectorA Study on Emerging Challenges & Opportunities for Indian Banking Sector
A Study on Emerging Challenges & Opportunities for Indian Banking Sector
 
Rbi
RbiRbi
Rbi
 
Strategic management process of HDFC Bank
Strategic management process of HDFC BankStrategic management process of HDFC Bank
Strategic management process of HDFC Bank
 
AN IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS OF PAYMENT BANKS
AN IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS OF PAYMENT BANKSAN IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS OF PAYMENT BANKS
AN IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS OF PAYMENT BANKS
 
Role of RBI.pptx
Role of RBI.pptxRole of RBI.pptx
Role of RBI.pptx
 
Banking
BankingBanking
Banking
 

Recently uploaded

Elo’s result 2023: Return on investment increased to 6 per cent and cost effi...
Elo’s result 2023: Return on investment increased to 6 per cent and cost effi...Elo’s result 2023: Return on investment increased to 6 per cent and cost effi...
Elo’s result 2023: Return on investment increased to 6 per cent and cost effi...Työeläkeyhtiö Elo
 
The Case for Commodities as an Asset Class.ppt
The Case for Commodities as an Asset Class.pptThe Case for Commodities as an Asset Class.ppt
The Case for Commodities as an Asset Class.pptJinzhiFeng1
 
20240220 Calibre Q4 and FY 2023 Conference Call Present.pdf
20240220 Calibre Q4 and FY 2023 Conference Call Present.pdf20240220 Calibre Q4 and FY 2023 Conference Call Present.pdf
20240220 Calibre Q4 and FY 2023 Conference Call Present.pdfAdnet Communications
 
Slideshare - ONS Economic Forum Slidepack - 19 February 2024.pptx
Slideshare - ONS Economic Forum Slidepack - 19 February 2024.pptxSlideshare - ONS Economic Forum Slidepack - 19 February 2024.pptx
Slideshare - ONS Economic Forum Slidepack - 19 February 2024.pptxOffice for National Statistics
 
National Income National Income National Income
National Income National Income National IncomeNational Income National Income National Income
National Income National Income National Income19920606201903202019
 
Tone at the top: the effects of gender board diversity on gender wage inequal...
Tone at the top: the effects of gender board diversity on gender wage inequal...Tone at the top: the effects of gender board diversity on gender wage inequal...
Tone at the top: the effects of gender board diversity on gender wage inequal...GRAPE
 
99MW Nearshore Wind Farm in Colombia.pdf
99MW Nearshore Wind Farm in Colombia.pdf99MW Nearshore Wind Farm in Colombia.pdf
99MW Nearshore Wind Farm in Colombia.pdfVictoriaGaleano
 
Shrambal_Distributors_February_Newsletter_2024.pdf
Shrambal_Distributors_February_Newsletter_2024.pdfShrambal_Distributors_February_Newsletter_2024.pdf
Shrambal_Distributors_February_Newsletter_2024.pdfvikashdidwania1
 
letter to the EF and Premiership about pension liabilities
letter to the EF and Premiership about pension liabilitiesletter to the EF and Premiership about pension liabilities
letter to the EF and Premiership about pension liabilitiesHenry Tapper
 
TIM GROUP FY '23 Preliminary Results.pdf
TIM GROUP FY '23 Preliminary Results.pdfTIM GROUP FY '23 Preliminary Results.pdf
TIM GROUP FY '23 Preliminary Results.pdfGruppo TIM
 
India Equity Strategy Presentation (2016) - HSBC
India Equity Strategy Presentation (2016) - HSBCIndia Equity Strategy Presentation (2016) - HSBC
India Equity Strategy Presentation (2016) - HSBCDimitarStoyanov46
 
2023_-_Master_Trust___GPP_Defaults_Report (2).pdf
2023_-_Master_Trust___GPP_Defaults_Report (2).pdf2023_-_Master_Trust___GPP_Defaults_Report (2).pdf
2023_-_Master_Trust___GPP_Defaults_Report (2).pdfHenry Tapper
 
Indistinguishable from Magic: How the Cybersecurity Market Reached a Trillion...
Indistinguishable from Magic: How the Cybersecurity Market Reached a Trillion...Indistinguishable from Magic: How the Cybersecurity Market Reached a Trillion...
Indistinguishable from Magic: How the Cybersecurity Market Reached a Trillion...Adrian Sanabria
 
Stock Market Brief Deck for 2:22 youtube vid.pdf
Stock Market Brief Deck for 2:22 youtube vid.pdfStock Market Brief Deck for 2:22 youtube vid.pdf
Stock Market Brief Deck for 2:22 youtube vid.pdfMichael Silva
 
Stock Market Brief Deck from youtube 2/16
Stock Market Brief Deck from youtube 2/16Stock Market Brief Deck from youtube 2/16
Stock Market Brief Deck from youtube 2/16Michael Silva
 
Stock Market Brief Deck for 2/21/24 .pdf
Stock Market Brief Deck for 2/21/24 .pdfStock Market Brief Deck for 2/21/24 .pdf
Stock Market Brief Deck for 2/21/24 .pdfMichael Silva
 
AGRICULTURAL PRICE POLICY -AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS.pptx
AGRICULTURAL PRICE POLICY -AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS.pptxAGRICULTURAL PRICE POLICY -AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS.pptx
AGRICULTURAL PRICE POLICY -AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS.pptxVISHALI SELVAM
 
business-model-canvas for collaborative business
business-model-canvas for collaborative businessbusiness-model-canvas for collaborative business
business-model-canvas for collaborative businessramijadpro
 
E-learning Personal Finance Management - with design v2 .pptx
E-learning Personal Finance Management - with design v2 .pptxE-learning Personal Finance Management - with design v2 .pptx
E-learning Personal Finance Management - with design v2 .pptxakinsumboayomide
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Elo’s result 2023: Return on investment increased to 6 per cent and cost effi...
Elo’s result 2023: Return on investment increased to 6 per cent and cost effi...Elo’s result 2023: Return on investment increased to 6 per cent and cost effi...
Elo’s result 2023: Return on investment increased to 6 per cent and cost effi...
 
The Case for Commodities as an Asset Class.ppt
The Case for Commodities as an Asset Class.pptThe Case for Commodities as an Asset Class.ppt
The Case for Commodities as an Asset Class.ppt
 
20240220 Calibre Q4 and FY 2023 Conference Call Present.pdf
20240220 Calibre Q4 and FY 2023 Conference Call Present.pdf20240220 Calibre Q4 and FY 2023 Conference Call Present.pdf
20240220 Calibre Q4 and FY 2023 Conference Call Present.pdf
 
Slideshare - ONS Economic Forum Slidepack - 19 February 2024.pptx
Slideshare - ONS Economic Forum Slidepack - 19 February 2024.pptxSlideshare - ONS Economic Forum Slidepack - 19 February 2024.pptx
Slideshare - ONS Economic Forum Slidepack - 19 February 2024.pptx
 
National Income National Income National Income
National Income National Income National IncomeNational Income National Income National Income
National Income National Income National Income
 
Tone at the top: the effects of gender board diversity on gender wage inequal...
Tone at the top: the effects of gender board diversity on gender wage inequal...Tone at the top: the effects of gender board diversity on gender wage inequal...
Tone at the top: the effects of gender board diversity on gender wage inequal...
 
99MW Nearshore Wind Farm in Colombia.pdf
99MW Nearshore Wind Farm in Colombia.pdf99MW Nearshore Wind Farm in Colombia.pdf
99MW Nearshore Wind Farm in Colombia.pdf
 
Shrambal_Distributors_February_Newsletter_2024.pdf
Shrambal_Distributors_February_Newsletter_2024.pdfShrambal_Distributors_February_Newsletter_2024.pdf
Shrambal_Distributors_February_Newsletter_2024.pdf
 
letter to the EF and Premiership about pension liabilities
letter to the EF and Premiership about pension liabilitiesletter to the EF and Premiership about pension liabilities
letter to the EF and Premiership about pension liabilities
 
TIM GROUP FY '23 Preliminary Results.pdf
TIM GROUP FY '23 Preliminary Results.pdfTIM GROUP FY '23 Preliminary Results.pdf
TIM GROUP FY '23 Preliminary Results.pdf
 
India Equity Strategy Presentation (2016) - HSBC
India Equity Strategy Presentation (2016) - HSBCIndia Equity Strategy Presentation (2016) - HSBC
India Equity Strategy Presentation (2016) - HSBC
 
2023_-_Master_Trust___GPP_Defaults_Report (2).pdf
2023_-_Master_Trust___GPP_Defaults_Report (2).pdf2023_-_Master_Trust___GPP_Defaults_Report (2).pdf
2023_-_Master_Trust___GPP_Defaults_Report (2).pdf
 
Indistinguishable from Magic: How the Cybersecurity Market Reached a Trillion...
Indistinguishable from Magic: How the Cybersecurity Market Reached a Trillion...Indistinguishable from Magic: How the Cybersecurity Market Reached a Trillion...
Indistinguishable from Magic: How the Cybersecurity Market Reached a Trillion...
 
Stock Market Brief Deck for 2:22 youtube vid.pdf
Stock Market Brief Deck for 2:22 youtube vid.pdfStock Market Brief Deck for 2:22 youtube vid.pdf
Stock Market Brief Deck for 2:22 youtube vid.pdf
 
Stock Market Brief Deck from youtube 2/16
Stock Market Brief Deck from youtube 2/16Stock Market Brief Deck from youtube 2/16
Stock Market Brief Deck from youtube 2/16
 
Monthly Economic Monitoring of Ukraine No.229, February 2024
Monthly Economic Monitoring of Ukraine No.229, February 2024Monthly Economic Monitoring of Ukraine No.229, February 2024
Monthly Economic Monitoring of Ukraine No.229, February 2024
 
Stock Market Brief Deck for 2/21/24 .pdf
Stock Market Brief Deck for 2/21/24 .pdfStock Market Brief Deck for 2/21/24 .pdf
Stock Market Brief Deck for 2/21/24 .pdf
 
AGRICULTURAL PRICE POLICY -AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS.pptx
AGRICULTURAL PRICE POLICY -AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS.pptxAGRICULTURAL PRICE POLICY -AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS.pptx
AGRICULTURAL PRICE POLICY -AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS.pptx
 
business-model-canvas for collaborative business
business-model-canvas for collaborative businessbusiness-model-canvas for collaborative business
business-model-canvas for collaborative business
 
E-learning Personal Finance Management - with design v2 .pptx
E-learning Personal Finance Management - with design v2 .pptxE-learning Personal Finance Management - with design v2 .pptx
E-learning Personal Finance Management - with design v2 .pptx
 

ROLEOFRESERVEBANKININDIANBANKINGSYSTEM.pdf

  • 1. See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/351599838 Role of Reserve Bank in Indian Banking System Conference Paper · May 2021 CITATIONS 0 READS 14,953 4 authors, including: Rajesh Babu Dasari Sanskrithi School of Business 17 PUBLICATIONS 4 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE All content following this page was uploaded by Rajesh Babu Dasari on 15 May 2021. The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file.
  • 2. 241 | P a g e Role of Reserve Bank in Indian Banking System 1 D. Rajesh Babu , 2 S.THORANAJAKSHI , 3 M.SYAMALA 1 (Assistance professor) Management studies Gates institute of technology, Gooty JNTU, Anantapuramu 2,3 MANAGEMENT STUDIES (MBA) Gates Institute Of Technology, Gooty JNTU,Anantapur Abstract The RBI was established on April1-1935.under RBI act 1934on the recommendation of JHON HILTON commission1926 called royal commission on Indian currency and finance RBI head quarters in Mumbai . RBI is different banks is there are commercial banks market size can be categorized 6 large 15 medium and 22 small pear groups public sector banks in India 27 and nationalized banks 19. Associated banks in India 5 they are SBBJ,SBH,SBM,SBP&SBT.Now two banks are including public sector banks IDBI and Bharathiyamahila banks RBI had played an important role in the economic development and financial control in the country RBI issue of currency notes to maintain financial stability in the countries. The current RBI governor is shaktikanthadas. Banking structure in India can devided into two groups scheduled bank's and another one Non scheduledbank's . Scheduled bank's again devided 2 types co-opreative bank's commercial Banks. This paper explain commercial Banks role on private Banks .RBI was merely credibly introduces the lender and the borrower, and facilities recovery.this paper contains RBI performance of Indian banking system .is an explore role, functions,objectives Key words :Reserve Bank of India growth, Indian banking system, financial control Introduction The Reserve Bank of India was established inthe year 1934.The RBI started operations in the year of 1935.RBI is Back Bone of all Indian banking operations. RBI has tremendous role to control and monetary a currency operations. All currency operations instructed to the banks through various quality and quantitative techniques made by the RBI. Hence all banks most
  • 3. 242 | P a g e obey the guidelines provided by the RBI RBI his managed by central board of directors with 4 local board at Mumbai, Delhi, Calcutta and Chennai. It has one Governor and 15 other directors.RBI control cash flows, bank rates foreign exchange and reserves management, debt management financial regulation and super vision.The RBI plays multi disciplinary nature of its functions. The RBI including private sectors banks in India14. 7 new private sectors.Foreign banks in India 43 banks. Objectives of RBI  The reserve Bank of India recent updates overview  The reserve Bank of India role on commercial Banks  The reserve Bank of India role on private Banks  The reserve Bank of India role on monetary control Review of literature The study is purely based on secondary data . The study will be conducted with reference to the relate to commercial Banks, private Banks, these Banks have been studied with belief that they hold the largest banking business in India  According to Nisar Khan and Rahmatullah (2005): have made an attempt to examine the performance of the schedule commercial Banks in general public sector Banks in particular during the post refrom period said private Banks , foreign Banks and their performance within other bank's countries.  According to Seema Malik (2014). : said that banking system in India is facing number of challenges needs and Perception of customers new regulation from time to time advances in technology , mainly explained innovation in banking sectors ATM ,retail banking , credit, debit cards free services , online banking mobile banking and money mare valu  According to MandeepkourBansal (2017) : The reserve Bank of India is the central bank of India main entrusted with the multidimensional role . Mainly explain role of reserve
  • 4. 243 | P a g e Bank of India in Indian Economy. Reserve Bank of India role, functions and contribution of RBI in Indian Economy  According to Indian Banks association : mainly study on article customers service provided by all commercial Banks aimed at fostering healthy competition improve upon their customer services public sector Banks and private sector needs to improve heigher levels of customer satisfaction .  Shri S.R mittal (2001). : Chairman of committee on internet banking constituted by RBI . Internet banking to use the fast growing internet medium in banking transaction. . The reserve Bank of India with recent updates over view  RBI to provides $ 400 million to central bank of srilanka under swap arrangement  Recently appoint andhar architect NadanNilekani as chairman of panel on digital payments  Reserve Bank of India likely to pay bumper interim dividend to help government  Reserve of scales down printing of 2000 minimum says government source  Calmour grows for review of reserve Bank of India ownership rules private bank's as kotak decline approaches  Market movers per capital GDP set to $ 2k GST relief for small business financial deficit  RBI governor apprised of SME's credit seek Creation of revival scheme for stressed MSME Reserve Bank of India role on commercial bank Commercial Banks perform all kinds of banking activities such as accepting deposits, advancing loans promote .the use of cheques financial internal and foreign trade these are primary functions. Secondary function of commercial Banks agency services, general utility services. Commercial Banks are four types public, private, regional rural bank's , foreign Banks . Public banking again devided two types one State Bank of India, and nationalisedbank's . Commercial Banks improved private bank's services .
  • 5. 244 | P a g e Function's of RBI The RBI some important function's and frame work in the bankingsector and economy .the RBI introduced various policies in bankingsector maintain close and countinuses collaboration between government .they are different functions as they are follows.  Banker's Bank  Bankerto government  Controller of banks  Statutory reserves  Monetary policy of the RBi 1. Banker's Bank The RBi are also called central bank can be called as bankesrs bank .realtionship between co- opreative banks and central banks .and major part of the business .it keeps a part of deposits of commercial banks and acts as lender of last resort by providing financial assistance to banks 2. Banker to the government RBIis a banker to U/s -20 for central bank and U/s 21-A for it provides to the governments all banking services such as acceptance of deposits , withdrawal , cheques, making payments as well as receipts and collection of payments .it provides ways and means advances section 17sub section 5 to government. 3.Controller of banks The RBI controls of central and co-operative Bank . RBI also acts ad controller of bank's in India in 2nd schedule of the act. RBI issues loans and currency .RBI issues directions Carrie's inspection and monetary control. 4. Statutory resevers The RBImaintaincertain percentage of the assets in liquid cash from under statutory liquity. ratio and cash resever ratio. This two instruments of credit control. The CRR refers to the cash which bank's have maintain with the RBI as a certain percentage of their demand and time liabilities since 1962 separate CRR was fixed in respect of demand liabilities 5% and time Liabilities 2%.. present cash resever ratio. .SLR was introduced 1980 on raising the cost of refinance .SLR present rate. .
  • 6. 245 | P a g e 5. Monetary policy of the RBI Monetary policy defined as policy and central supply of money as instrumentfor achieving the objectives of general economic policy . monetary main objective economic growth ,price stability , maintain exchange rate stability, balance of payments,fullemployment.monetary policy measure s two types 1.qualitative measure s 2.quantitative measure. A. Price stability Monetary policy controls the Price's day to day inflation and deflation .Easy monetary or dear money policy income and wealth inequalities are removed .the main objective of monetary policy is price stability. B. Economic growth Monetary policy economic growth of objective .if income and price stability develop the economy.monetary stability so that the business and economic life can deliver welfare impove . C. Financial stability Monetary policypromote and development of financial infrastructure of markets and enable to operate efficiently.monetary policy develop the small and medium busines D. Balance of payment Balance of payment introduced 1950 has been to equilibrium in BOP. Monetary policy maintainequalpayments system so that financial transaction can safely correctly executed. E. Full Employment Monetary policy maintain price stability , financial, Balance of payment and also developed a country .in developing countries main important agreculutre, village and small scale business.it also imporve credit supply. Role of RBI 1. Note issuing authority The RBI has sole right or authority or monopoly of issuing a currency notes other than one rupee notes and coins,and of smaller denomination.The banks issues by notes in the following denominations 2,5,10,20,50,100,500and 1000 .The RBI issuesagainst the security
  • 7. 246 | P a g e of gold bullion, foreign, securities rupee coins and exchange bills and promissory note.The RBI recently changed bank notesNarendramodi since 2016-8-November the government of India announced demonisation of all 500 and 1000 bank notes band . 2. Supervising authority The RBI has more Powers vto supervise and control commercial and co-operative Bank to develop an adequate improved banking system.the RBI issues licences for various bank's indiaforegin bank's .to issues licences for estblished of new bank's . RBI control appointment ofthe chairman and cheifexcutive officer's and private sector bank's Narasimhan committee 1991 the RBI function of bank supervision from it's traditional central banking function separate department of supervision from 1993. In July 1995 took over supervision of NBFC(non-banking financial compines) November 1995 registration of these companies. 3. Exchange control Authority The RBI essential function control the stability of foreign currency exchange domestic policies and regulation of the foreign market.The RBI guidelines the foreign exchange change . RBI managed exchangeservices.with international financial institutions such as IMF (international monetary Fund), world bank and Asian bank.RBI control foreign regulation Act 1947 replaced in the year 1973. Foreign Exchange management act .the main control of the foreign capital account convertibility and progressively liberalising capital account transactions mainly controls foreign capital. 4. Promoter of the financial system A part from performing the functions RBI responsibilities as development and promotional agency services which have been strengthened the country banking and financial structure. Promotional function's helps savings and drecting credit. Flows to desired chaneels to achieve the objective of economic development.promotional market andwe'lldeveloped money market and commercial banking system.promotional functions different system money market agreculutre sector, industrial finance, credit delivery.main role of RBi. A. Money market The RBI control money market has continuously work for the combined of un originsed and originsedsectorsmain stream of banking system.money market improve the quality of finance
  • 8. 247 | P a g e providing by money market.It was established bill market scheme 1952 with a view to extend loans to the commercial banks .the RBI introduced 1970 new bill market scheme which covers trade bills money market 1970 increase streength of RBI improves amagalamations and merges of weak bank's with strong B. Agricultural sector Promotion market improve the agricultural sector main objective .direct flows credit to the agreculutre sector.it improve in the since 1955 has appointed deputy governor in charge of rural credit.it has undertaken study of rural development .the first time 1954 by conducting an all India survey rural credit survey.was develop the credit review of committee in1986 co- operative banking sector provides loans supervision,finance. It issues loans short term and long term loans given by agricultural sector. C. Industrial finance The Role of RBI in diversifying the industrial infrastructure for providing finance and small scale, medium and large industries ,and the export sector.issues of funds short term and long term loans.the RBI equally important of all sector all special development institutions at the centeral and state level and other financial. D. Credit delivery The credit development mainly develop the Industrial institutions of geographical presence it has helped to developed credit delivery and service capability of the financial system .by issuing guidelines in the year 1977 transfer of loans account's by borrowers. E.Regulator of monetary policy RBI Monetary policy control and regulate the supply of money with the pubilc and the flow of credit with a view to achieve predetermined macroeconomicgoals .different definition wrote the different theory's monetary policy .two technique's of RBi to control monetary policy.. 1..General Methods 2. Selective methods General Methods General Methods are also called as quantitative Methods.Methods of may be summarize as given below .
  • 9. 248 | P a g e 1. Bank rate 2. Open market operations 3. Repo rate (RRR) 4. Liquidity adjustment facility 1 Bank Rate Bank rate also called as discount rate .is the oldest method of monetary policy.The RBI financial accommodation from of rediscount of bills of exchange promissory notes.,and loans .1951-1960 bank rate 6.3 .1960-64 bank rate is five percent 1964-1975 bank rate. Was rasief 5 to9 percentage incerese.199-90bank rate 7 percentage, 1991-1996 bank rates was by 2percentage rasied 10 to 12 . 1997-2004 10 to 6 %reduced. 2. Open market operations Open market operations monetary control in the US and UK and many other countries. This very effective and popular method of monetary policy.In treasury bills,state government securities,and central government securities.in this securities directly bought by the RBI. Exchange of gold government and company shares purchase and sell . 3. Repo rate Repo Rate is the rate which lends to RBI rasies the repo ratehomeloan,interest rate usually fall .Repo rate have any shortage of funds can borrow it. The RBI lends to commercial banks, typically, against government securities .present repo rate 6.25% octomber 2018. 4. Liquidity adjustment facility Liquidity adjustment facility is one of the tool for monetary policy. it allows borrow money bank's through repurchase of agreement of repo rate . liquidity adjustment facility is new short term liquidity management techinque Selective Methods Selective methods are also called as qualitative methods. Explained above affect indiscriminately all sector of the economy. Selective they are as follows.  Credit rationing  Marign requirement  Licencesing  Variable intereste rates
  • 10. 249 | P a g e 1.Credit rationing Credit rationing controlling and regulating the purpose for bank credit used.credit rationing is a some fixed amount certain purpose to granted the RBI. It provides over all loans and advances for commercial banks. 2. Margin requirement Marign requirement means proportion of the loan amount which is not financed by bank.it is part of loan which a borrower has to riase to get finance for his purpose .Marign requirement directly affected the lender upon borrower keep down volume of credit. 3. Licencing The RBI ensure proper through this incident is served the cause of selective in regional development. The to grant licence to commence banking business in India. The RBI .The RBI post Independence issue loans . Conclusion RBI established 1934 in operations start with view of different banks established in India business , agreculutre sector, financial and economic growth also developed. The RBI is Non -political body concerned with the finances of the country. It provides loans for productive sector, infrastructure, educational sector available for studentsbuliding construction to available to affordable financial services. It always plays active role in ecourage efficient customer satisfaction. Banking sector diversifying of banking services. RBI announced monetary policy every year month of April they three 3 quarter reviews in July octomber,January monetary policy calculate the RBI .it plays different roles. Monetary alternative source of credit in economy.working of Non- Banking financial profit motive of commercial banks and improve co-operative Bank.
  • 11. 250 | P a g e References 1. Impact of monetary policy Himalaya publication books house Bombay .in the year (1985). Page no ( 78-89) 2. The RBI introduction banking awareness books taken internet web site ( www.sreedharcce.com) page no(1 to10) 3. Recent changes interest rates , monetary policy in India theory's explain CRR , SLR ,repo rate athour by vikalpaoctomber to December -1993 4. Laxmanmadho bole is professor department of humanities and social sciences University poona web site (www.financilal institutions.com) page numbers (6.4 to6.37) 5. Ramasastri A.s achamma Samuel (2008) banking sector development ofIndia 198-2005) with the annual account speaks RBI volume 27 page number (177-205) View publication stats