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  1. 1. PBL Problem Based Learning
  2. 2. Solution? <ul><li>Problem-based Learning (PBL) an alternative model for students to learn and teachers to teach? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Instruction-based Teacher Centred Problem-based Student Centred Teacher Student Instruct, discipline, assess Facilitator Dissemination of Knowledge Construction of Knowledge Prior Knowledge Subject X Subject X Subject X Subject Z Syllabus Students Team members The Problem (Curriculum)
  4. 4. The Process of PBL <ul><li>Problem (to triggers learning) </li></ul><ul><li>Students specify: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>what they know about the problem, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>what they don’t know </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>what they need to find out </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Student work together in teams to do research </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation of findings </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment & Reflection </li></ul>
  5. 5. Example of PBL in Action <ul><li>Problem Based Learning at the Republic Polytechnic </li></ul><ul><li>One Day, One Problem Approach </li></ul>
  6. 6. RP-PBL: 1 st meeting <ul><li>Class of 25, 5 teams of 5 students </li></ul><ul><li>Presented a problem </li></ul><ul><li>Students under the guidance of the facilitator work on defining the problem and identify issues they will do research on. </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 1 hour </li></ul>
  7. 7. RP-PBL: 1 st Breakout <ul><li>Student work individually and in their teams to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find and review resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Begin to develop tentative solutions for the problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refine their definition of the problem </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. RP-PBL: 2 nd Meeting <ul><li>Meet with the facilitator who checks on their progress </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on any difficulties students may be having </li></ul><ul><li>Helps students to develop learning strategies </li></ul>
  9. 9. RP-PBL: 2 nd Breakout <ul><li>Student continue to work in their teams </li></ul><ul><li>Review resources </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a solution/ explanation based upon their shared understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Produce a presentation </li></ul><ul><li>2-3 hours </li></ul>
  10. 10. RP-PBL: 3 rd Meeting <ul><li>Meet with the facilitator </li></ul><ul><li>Students present their solutions/explanations </li></ul><ul><li>Students observe how others have solved the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitators probes and critique these solutions giving additional information where necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Students further check their understanding by doing a quiz focussed on the key issues </li></ul>