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N vs v


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English grammar.

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N vs v

  1. 1. Subject – Verb Agreement. Rules: 1. S or es adding rules with verb. 2. Verb simple form. 3. Ing form 4. Verb past participle form. English Grammer Lesson N Vs V.
  2. 2. 1. Rule for verb form (singular or plural) as per subject. a). V α S: A verb always follows a subject. i.e if a subject is singular, its verb will be a singular and vice versa. Dina recites the holy Quran. They eat fish. Verb Plural/Singular: 1. in case of main verb: It’s a opposition of noun. See = plural form of verb. Without s Sees = singular form of verb. Jointed s 2. In case of helping verb: Singular helping verb:is, was, will, has and does. Plural helping verb: are, were, shall, have and do. b). Easiest Method: NS α 1/V, If noun subject is with s , verb will without s. The cat chases a rat. The cats chase a rat. The girl has talked to me. The girls have talked to me. The car was broken. English Grammer Lesson N Vs V.
  3. 3. 1. Rule for verb form (singular or plural) as per subject. c. Either/ Neither as a subject in the sentence i.e without or & nor. In this case verb always be singular. i.e verb will be sample form (with s / es) Example: Neither of them is available to speak right now. Either of us is capable of doing the job. d. In case of Either or/ Neither nor , verb will depend on subject which is after or/nor(2nd subject). Example: Either he or his boys do it. NB: When I is one of the two subjects connected by either /or or neither/nor, put it second and follow it with the singular verb am. e. Verb will be a plural if and use a conjunction. Example: Ali and his boys go home.The ranger and the camper see the bear. f. Or Conjunction , verb will depend on 2nd subject i.e subject after or. Example: Dina or Sami does it. Sami or his friends do it. Cats or dog chases a rat. Cat or dogs chase a rat. English Grammer Lesson N Vs V.
  4. 4. 1. Rule for verb form (singular or plural) as per subject. g). Along with, as well as , together with etc in this case, verb will depend on 1st subject. Example : The teacher along with students plays football in the play ground. h).Each,everyone, someone, anyone,anybody,somebody follows singular verb Example:Each of the girls sings well. Every one of the cakes is gone i). some or all percent, fraction, part, majority, some, all, none, remainder, and so in a sentence, the verb can be either singular or plural depending on whether the subject can be counted or not. j).Use a singular verb with sums of money or periods of time. Ten dollars is a high price to pay. Five years is the maximum sentence for that offense. k). The expression the number is followed by a singular verb while the expression a number is followed by a plural verb. The number of people we need to hire is thirteen. A number of people have written in about this subject. English Grammer Lesson N Vs V.
  5. 5. 2. V-ing rules a. After any form of be verb, ing will add with main verb. I am reading. b. After preposition, ing will with main verb. I often think about visiting my family. c. When two verbs in a sentence , ing will add with 2nd verb. I given a book to him reading it. d. After finish, enjoy, practice, avoid, admit, appreciate, can’t, don’t mind , ing will add with main verb. I have finished reading the book. English Grammer Lesson N Vs V.
  6. 6. 2. V-ing rules e). Verb-ing Expression • Keep + V- ing • Stop + V – ing • Enjoy + V – ing • Mind + V – ing • Except +V –ing Example: Stop writing, time’s up. f). How about + V – ing (Invitation or suggestion ) How about taking a snap at noon. g). Feel like + V – ing I feel like roaming around the garden. English Grammer Lesson N Vs V.
  7. 7. -ing haram See, hear, find, watch – ing will not add with verb. Example: I heard him to talk loudly. English Grammer Lesson N Vs V.
  8. 8. 3.Verb simple form a. After any modal verb, verb will be simple. I may go home. b. After infinite To, verb will be simple. I give him to read it. English Grammer Lesson N Vs V.
  9. 9. 4.Verb past participle rules a. Main verb will be past participle after any kind of be verb in passive sentence. Be verb: am, is, are, was & were. The tiger was killed by the hunter. b. Main verb will be PP form after any kind of have, I have heard the news before you. I had purchased it . English Grammer Lesson N Vs V.