Fork lift training on 21th sep 13


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  • OSHA = Occupational Safety & Health Administration.
  • First thing – It is against the law for anyone under 18 to operate a forklift. This is both a Washington State and federal law.
  • Forklift fatalities have occurred when the operator was either thrown out of the forklift or they tried to jump out when the forklift overturned. Seat belts prevent that.
  • This photo show the parts of a standard forklift. Other types will vary. All use hydraulic fluid to operate the forks. Most have a large counterweight in the rear to help balance a load on the front. Most have an overhead guard to protect the operator from falling objects. The main lifting work of the forklift is done with the forks and the mast, powered by the motor. Sometimes, older forklifts will develop a leak of hydraulic fluid. Without sufficient hydraulic fluid the forks will not operate properly, especially with a load. And a puddle of hydraulic fluid on a cement floor is a slipping hazard.
  • The nameplate gives important information about the capacity of the forklift. These must be readable at all times so any one who operates the forklift will know it's capacity and to not overload it.
  • Sometimes people will try to use a forklift with a stack of pallets on the forks to gain access to something out of reach. Don’t be a part of this practice, since the worker on the pallet can easily fall off.
  • Order picker forklifts used in warehouses where the worker stands on the platform that raises and lowers presents a fall hazard. Workers who use this type of equipment must be protected by either a guard rail or the appropriate fall protection harness as shown. Waist-only harnesses, also called “body belts”, are not acceptable unless they completely prevent the operator from falling off the order-picker.
  • In warehouses with high storage racks, the lightest loads should be placed on the top racks, and the heavier loads on the bottom racks. Remember a forklift is less stable with a load raised high, especially while moving.
  • As you can see from these illustrations, the center of gravity of the load should be as close to the forklift wheels and mast as possible.
  • It goes without saying – just like any other moving vehicle, watch your speed. It's especially dangerous in a workplace with nearby workers and walls, doors, racks or stored material that block your view. As mentioned before, it's harder to stop a heavy forklift with a load than a car, even at low speeds.
  • Mast configuration can affect the operator's visibility. Newer mast designs use two side cylinders with a gap in the middle which provide much improved visibility compared to older mast designs that have a single central cylinder. But with a tall load, your forward view will be blocked, making it necessary to travel in reverse or use a spotter.
  • If your company has no assigned person to do forklift inspection and maintenance, the responsibility is yours. You should double check even if the company has maintenance personnel. If you operate a propane powered forklift indoors, check for noticeable propane or exhaust odors which mean an engine tuneup is required to keep carbon monoxide levels low. More about that in the slides following.
  • Fork lift training on 21th sep 13

    2. 2. Basic Awareness of Forklift Operator.
    3. 3. Forklift Operation OSHA 1910.178 states “Only trained and authorized operators shall be permitted to operate a Forklift Truck(FLT).”
    4. 4. Safe Operation of Forklifts and Other Powered Industrial Trucks You must be 18 years or older to operate a forklift
    5. 5. Why Awareness? FLT Operators must be aware for the below purpose: •FLT Operation & Maintenance. •Loading & Unloading. •Driving. •Product Safety •FLT Rules All above ensure OSHA.
    6. 6. FLT Rule Only handle stable, safely arranged loads Only handle loads within truck’s rated capacity Place forks under load as far as possible Only tilt load forward while depositing it High-lift rider trucks need overhead guards to protect operator Don’t stand or pass under raised forks
    7. 7. FLT Rules Use a safety platform to lift people Forklifts must be approved for hazardous locations Watch where you are going
    8. 8. Forklift rules Keep the load close to the ground Keep to the right Obey speed limits 2e
    9. 9. Awareness During Operation •First of all ensure PPE,i.e Helmet, Shoe & Seat Belt. •Check the vehicle 2 mins. •Operating instructions, warnings, precautions •Start the engine as per SOP.
    10. 10. Forklifts and Seatbelts Seatbelts are required on all forklifts manufactured since 1992 and can be retrofitted on all older models. You are required to uses it when it is supplied with the forklift. It will save your life. Click it - before you drive!! worksafeVictoria A common cause of forklift fatalities is
    11. 11. Truck Body
    12. 12. Overhead Guard
    13. 13. Hydraulic Lift
    14. 14. Gauges
    15. 15. Truck Controls
    16. 16. Switches
    17. 17. Parts of a Forklifts Wikimedia commons
    18. 18. Forklift Nameplate The nameplate will list the type of forklift and the capacity Weight Type Load capacity OSHA This forklift is a diesel/petrol powered forklift, weighing 8680 lbs. with a lifting capacity of up to 4500 lbs.
    19. 19. Awareness During Loading & Unloading.  
    20. 20. An extremely dangerous practice A risky way to change a light bulb!! Source: JICOSH
    21. 21. Order Picker Fall Protection In warehouses “order picker” forklifts, the vehicle must have either: CDC OSHA • Standard guardrails on all open sides or • A safety harness and lanyard
    22. 22. Loading/unloading High Storage Racks When removing a load from a high rack: • • • • Slowly back out with the load Stop when it clears the rack Lower the load to the floor Don’t lower the load while moving!
    23. 23. Forklift Load Capacity Right Wrong While carrying a load near the maximum allowable capacity, be aware of the following: Danger of tip over Danger of losing load Danger of being struck by falling load
    24. 24. Load Capacity
    25. 25. Load Centering
    26. 26. Load Centering
    27. 27. Load Centering              
    28. 28. Awareness During Driving              
    29. 29. Speed KEEP YOUR SPEED DOWN!
    30. 30. No Speeding!! Wikimedia commons
    31. 31. Quick Turns
    32. 32.              The 8 Inch Rule
    33. 33. If Your View is Blocked If a load blocks your view, travel in reverse.                                                                       
    34. 34. Forklifts have reduced visibility Both the forklift mast and a large load on the forks reduce forward visibility. Older mast design Newer mast design In warehouses or other indoor workplaces, aisles of material, walls, doors and other building configurations can create blind corners. OSHA – all photos
    35. 35. Overhead Clearance   
    36. 36. Center Your Loads   
    37. 37. Loose Loads   
    38. 38. Wide and Long Loads                                                                                             
    39. 39. Driving on Ramps                                                                                    Unloaded
    40. 40. Driving on Ramps Loaded
    41. 41. Driving Across Ramps   
    42. 42. Driving on Various Surfaces                                                                                  
    43. 43. Loading Docks    Will the floor of the trailer  support your load?
    44. 44. Loading Docks   
    45. 45. Loading Docks   
    46. 46. Parking    Always park your truck away from  traffic and on a level surface.
    47. 47. Parking    Lower forks flat  on the floor. Set directional  control in  neutral.
    48. 48. Parking    Turn engine  off  and  remove key. Set parking  brake.
    49. 49. Intersections Intersections As you drive, watch out for people walking, and at intersections, slow down, look for traffic, and sound your horn frequently. Remember, ALWAYS come to a complete stop before changing direction.
    50. 50. Raised Forks Keeping Work Area Clear Never let anyone, including yourself, walk or stand under the forks when they are raised
    51. 51. No Riders No Riders Keep in mind that you are a lift truck operator, not a taxi service. You should never allow anyone to ride on your lift truck.
    52. 52. Safety Devices    Wear Your Seatbelt    Seat Belt - Most lift trucks are equipped with a  seat belt.  Use it!                                         
    53. 53. Safety Devices    Using Your Horn Often Horn - Sound your horn:  * Before backing up   * At intersections   * When traveling through doors   * Anywhere your vision is limited             or blocked                               
    54. 54. Safety Devices    Backup Alarms                       Backup
    55. 55. Safety Devices    Warning Light                         Warning Light - Some trucks are
    56. 56. Forklift inspection and maintenance All forklifts be examined at least daily before being used. Forklifts used on a round-the-clock basis must be examined after each shift. Check the following:       Fluid levels -- oil, water, and hydraulic fluid. Leaks, cracks or other visible defect in hydraulic hoses and mast chains. Tire pressure and tire cuts or gouges. Condition of the forks, including the top clip retaining pin. Safety decals and nameplates in place and legible. All safety devices working properly including the seat belt. A vehicle that is damaged, defective or otherwise unsafe must be removed from service. Report the problem to your supervisor immediately. U.S. Army MSHA
    57. 57.                       Daily Inspection    The safety equipment you must inspect daily is:                        •Seat Belt •Warning Light •Backup Alarm •Horn                                   
    58. 58.                       Daily Inspection    The safety equipment you must inspect daily is:                        •Steering •Brakes •Carriage, chains, forks •Hydraulic hoses                                   
    59. 59.                       Daily Inspection    The safety equipment you must inspect daily is:                        •Hydraulic lift/tilt controls •Tires •Hour Meter •Leaks                                   
    60. 60.                       Daily Inspection    The safety equipment you must inspect daily is:                        •Fuel level •Oil level and pressure •Water level •Fan Belt                                   
    61. 61. Refueling and Recharging •Park in designated refueling or recharging area. •Do not block emergency equipment. •Make sure area is well ventilated. •Have extinguisher nearby. * * * *
    62. 62. Refueling and Recharging * * * * •Turn off engine and lights. •Do not smoke. •Do not spill fuel. •Use only approved cans. •For LP, shut off valves. •When charging, remember gases.
    63. 63. ফকর ্ি লফট Security level NN/MMYY
    64. 64. ফকর ্ি লফট সাবধােন চালােত হেব ১। সাবধানতার সিহত ৈব্ ু ্্¨িতক ফকর ্দ ্ি লফট বয হার ্ব করুন ২। কাটর চাপ পর গ ্ে ন ্ে য়া করা যােব না ৩। পয ্া েলট েযন নষ্ট না হয় েস িদেক েখয়াল রাখেত হেব
    65. 65. ফকর ্ি লফট সাবধােন চালােত হেব
    66. 66. ফকর ্ি লফট সাবধােন চালােত হেব
    67. 67. E:ForkliftFLT VideoTop 10 Forklift Accidents !.mp4 E:ForkliftFLT VideoForklift Driver Breaks Tons of Glass Security Initials/YYYYLevel MM-DD
    68. 68. Live the Tetra Pak Brand