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  1. 1. Constructivism By: Michelle C.
  2. 2. Menu What Is It? Key Figures Use in the Classroom Practical Applications In My Classroom
  3. 3. What Is It? A theory that states students learn by doing Theorists believe children are intrinsically motivated to learn Requires active student participation Students will form/construct their own understanding
  4. 4. What Is It? Learners base new information on past knowledge Students learn through many different activities Involves higher order thinking skills Employs collaborative learning
  5. 5. Key Figures 4 main theorists: Jean Piaget, Jerome Bruner, Lev Vygotsky, and John Dewey Piaget is the most influential figure All believed that learning requires active learner participation
  6. 6. Jean Piaget Swiss psychologist Children learn by seeking to find meaning in the world around them Students learn by building off what they already know Construct new meaning based on prior knowledge Proposed 4 stages children pass through: Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational, and Formal Operational
  7. 7. Jean Piaget Sensorimotor (birth-2 years): Learning through senses and motor actions Preoperational (2-6 years): Begin to use symbols and images Concrete Operational (7-11 years): Logical thinking begins; learning through facts Formal Operational (12-adulthood): Concrete thinking to acstract thinking
  8. 8. Jerome Bruner American Psychologist Believed learning is constructed based on past knowledge Technology is key in offering proper learning environment Employed Socratic method for student analysis of problems
  9. 9. Lev Vygotsky Russian educational psychologist Added ideas of social cognition to Constructivism Social cognition is learning influenced by social development Zone of proximal development: potential a child can achieve with assistance Emphasized collaborative learning
  10. 10. John Dewey American educational psychologist and philosopher Learning should engage and expand the experience of learners Believed education was a social process Students should play an active role in school
  11. 11. Use in the Classroom Teachers/instructors must become “facilitators” Facilitators allow students to work through new material Allow for students to construct their own understanding Learner plays an active role in their education
  12. 12. Use in the Classroom Facilitators encourage conversations/discussions instead of teacher lecture Help students with zone of proximal development Encourage collaborative learning
  13. 13. Practical Applications In My Classroom Important to create an atmosphere with hands-on activities Provide multiple methods of presenting material Use technology as a strategy to assist constructivist learning Create an emotional connection with material for students
  14. 14. Practical Applications In My Classroom Allow students to come to answers on their own True understanding is when students can do something without assistance Become a facilitator and not just a teacher
  15. 15. Photo Credit Free Digital Photos