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Neoclassical Architecture

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Presentation by :- Isha Mahajan,
Asmita Kongi,
Namrataa Bora.

Published in: Design
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Neoclassical Architecture

  1. 1. REVIVAL OF GREEK
  2. 2. Produces in mid 18th century Principally derived from classical Greek, Rome and architecture of Andrea Palladio Reaction against Rococo and late Baroque
  3. 3. Evocative and piciuresqure,framed within romantic sensitivity Desire to return to perceived ‘purity’ Example: Anti Rococo Palladian Architecture: Is on based symmetry,perspective and values of formal classical temple architecture of ancient greeks and romans Is was practised Georen britian and Ireland
  4. 4. Example: late Baroque Rome, Berlin, Paris Robust architecture
  5. 5. Excavation of ruins of Italian cities: 1. Herculaneum in 1738 2. Pompeii in 1748
  6. 6. ARRIVAL OF ELGIN MARBLES 1.Thomas bruce,7th lord of elgin british museum, 1806 2.From the top façade of Parthaon in Athens
  7. 7. International movement Emphasize planer qualities rather than sculpture volume Articulated individual features are isolated
  8. 8. Symmetrical shapes Tall colunms that rise to full height of the building Triangular pediment Domed roof
  9. 9. ROBERT ADAM:influenced development of western architecture. Specialised in design of English country houses, large houses for the wealthy based on architectural and decorative theme.
  10. 10. ANDREA PALLADIO:most influenced and copied architect Drawing inpirtion from classical architecture Carefully proportioned ,pedimented Building became models
  11. 11. Late version of Neoclassiciu Represented spirit of democracy Greek Revival houses have usually have thes feature: 1. Pedimented gabble 2. Symmetrical shapes 3. Heavy cornice 4. Wide, plain frize 5. Bold ,simple moldings 6. Entry porch with columns 7. Decorative pilasters 8. Narrow windows around front door
  12. 12. Post modernism describes a broad movement Producd in mid to late 20th century This was seen in philosophy, the arts, Architecture and critism which marks a department from modernism
  13. 13. Began in America around 906s and spread to Europe and to rest of world. Reintroduction of ornaments,colours. decoration and huan scale to buildings Origin from perceived failure of modern architecture which did not accpunt for desire of beauty.
  14. 14. MODERNISM  Rooted in minimal and true use of materials.  Absence of ornament.  Ex. Le Corbusier-Chapel of Notre Dame du Haut POST MODERNISM  Rejects strict rules set by Modernism  Seeks meaning and expression in use of building techniques,forms and stylistic reference.  Ex Michael Graves-The Eisner building
  15. 15. Roofs -Gable roofs Columns came back into existence. Colours were used for façade. Illusionistic building techniques.
  16. 16. ROBERT CHARLES VENTURI Greatest mannerist of his time , picking up elements from past and stretching them , changing them , and combining them in entirely new ways. He promoted ‘Less is bore”
  17. 17. Venturi House,Philadelphia USA 1964
  18. 18. Portland Building Portland,USA 1982
  19. 19. The Piazza d’Italia Public Plaza, New Orleans ,USA,1978

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