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FUNCTIONALISM
GUIDED BY;
PROF. J. DESHMUKH
Presented BY;
NIKITA SAHUJI
VISHAKHA THOLE
VIREN TAWDE
WHAT IS FUNCTIONALISM ?
FUNCTIONALISM IS DESIGNING
ACCORDING TO FUNCTION OF
THE BUILDING
HOW DID IT COME TO PICTURE ?
Can be traced back to Vitruvian theory of Utilitarian
architecture.
Idea by Louis Sullvian ...
WHAT ARE FEATURES OF FUNCTIONALISM ?
Low levels of ornamentation and
extraneous decoration.
Prominent display of raw mat...
What is the function of an auditorium ?
Good acoustics
Proper line of vision
Comfortable seatings
What gives a form to ...
the pioneers
“It is the pervading law of all things… that
form ever follows function”
-Louis Sullivan
(1896)
Louis Sulliva...
Bauhaus functionalism
German Institution established for rational social housing
for the workers after world war 1 by WAL...
the pioneers
“The house is a machine for living in”
-Le Corbusier
Le Corbusier, Unite d’Habitation,
Marseilles, France, 19...
 The separation and visual
distinctiveness of public spaces
from the private apartments
 Colour is the only ornament.
 ...
the pioneers
Mies van der Rohe, Seagram
Building, New York, 1956-9
Who ever regrets that the house of the future
can no lo...
BARCELONA PAVILION,1929:
Aim was to develop a free flowing space and use
least components and that is done by using walls...
Lotus temple, delhi,1986:
 It is a Bahai House of Worship of an impression of
half open lotus.
Justifies concept of func...
Brutalism
Celebrating concrete
(1950’s to 1970’s)
What is brutalism ?
HOW DID IT COME TO PICTURE ?
Coined by British architects Peter Smithson and Alison
Brutalism probably came from the pro...
What are features of functionalism ?
 Strong and bold geometric shapes  Use of reinforced Concrete
 Diagonal ,sloping a...
the pioneers:
Le Corbusier across the world.
 Louis kahn’s Asian office buildings.
Paul Rudolf in America.
Modern Arch...
Le Corbusier’s Boston city hall , 1969:
 Boston City Hall is consists of the offices
of the Mayor of Boston and the Bosto...
brutalist features:
Sculptural use of raw
concrete.
Heavy massy structure.
Use of slender base support
Maintaining the...
Yale school of architecture,
USA,1958 to 1965:
Paul Rudolf’s Modern Brutal building.
A seven storeyed building consistin...
Yale school of architecture,
USA,1958 to 1965:
Fortress like building giving a massy look.
Textured with Concrete and la...
Charles Correa’s Ramkrishna
House, 1962–1964
A large brick concrete residence in ahemdabad in
1962 made for a mill owner
...
Functionalism & Brutalism
Functionalism & Brutalism
Functionalism & Brutalism
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Presentation by :- Nikita Sahuji,
Vishakha Thole,
Viren tawde.

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Functionalism & Brutalism

  1. 1. FUNCTIONALISM GUIDED BY; PROF. J. DESHMUKH Presented BY; NIKITA SAHUJI VISHAKHA THOLE VIREN TAWDE
  2. 2. WHAT IS FUNCTIONALISM ?
  3. 3. FUNCTIONALISM IS DESIGNING ACCORDING TO FUNCTION OF THE BUILDING
  4. 4. HOW DID IT COME TO PICTURE ? Can be traced back to Vitruvian theory of Utilitarian architecture. Idea by Louis Sullvian and practisced by Le corbusier widely.  Associated with the modern style of architecture LOUIS SULLIVAN LE CORBUSIERLE CORBUSIER
  5. 5. WHAT ARE FEATURES OF FUNCTIONALISM ? Low levels of ornamentation and extraneous decoration. Prominent display of raw materials. FORM FOLLOWS FUNCTION ie; function comes first, The apperance and shape is of secondary concern.
  6. 6. What is the function of an auditorium ? Good acoustics Proper line of vision Comfortable seatings What gives a form to an auditorium ? Shape and volume Elevational treatment Form and use of material
  7. 7. the pioneers “It is the pervading law of all things… that form ever follows function” -Louis Sullivan (1896) Louis Sullivan, Guaranty Building, Buffalo, New York, 1896
  8. 8. Bauhaus functionalism German Institution established for rational social housing for the workers after world war 1 by WALTER GROUPIUS Rejected Bourgeois details like eaves, cornices and decorative elements. Used principles of Classical Architecture in its purest form without any ornamentation The design includes three wings divided by function (workshops, school, and administration) and features a glass curtain wall accentuated by a steel frame. Walter Gropius New School building, Weimar, 1926
  9. 9. the pioneers “The house is a machine for living in” -Le Corbusier Le Corbusier, Unite d’Habitation, Marseilles, France, 1947-53
  10. 10.  The separation and visual distinctiveness of public spaces from the private apartments  Colour is the only ornament.  The stacking and interlocking of individual apartments (like bottles in a rack)  The modular design and proportions  The 27 varieties of apartments  The ventilation, and grid planning.  The views out to trees, parkland, sea, mountains Le Corbusier’s Unite d’Habitation, Marseilles, France, 1947-53 Functionalist features
  11. 11. the pioneers Mies van der Rohe, Seagram Building, New York, 1956-9 Who ever regrets that the house of the future can no longer be constructed by craftsmen should bare in mind that the motorcar is no longer built by the wheelwright” -Mies van der Rohe
  12. 12. BARCELONA PAVILION,1929: Aim was to develop a free flowing space and use least components and that is done by using walls as planes. Function of an exhibition space is satisfied to extreme level. Properly managed the play of lightened and dark spaces Use of stone and glass. Served as a exhibition space for a long time , now considered as heritage space.
  13. 13. Lotus temple, delhi,1986:  It is a Bahai House of Worship of an impression of half open lotus. Justifies concept of function of FORM FOLLOWS FUNCTION. Serves as a Mother Temple to indian subcontinent. The building is composed of 27 free-standing marble-clad "petals" arranged in clusters of three to form nine sides,[2] with nine doors opening onto a central hall .
  14. 14. Brutalism Celebrating concrete (1950’s to 1970’s)
  15. 15. What is brutalism ?
  16. 16. HOW DID IT COME TO PICTURE ? Coined by British architects Peter Smithson and Alison Brutalism probably came from the prominent Modernist architect Le Corbusier and his project for Unité d’Habitation in 1952. Brutalism became popular with governmental and institutional clients, with numerous examples in English- speaking countries.  Modern architecture came to Britain quite late, and it was then soon “replaced by Brutalism”.
  17. 17. What are features of functionalism ?  Strong and bold geometric shapes  Use of reinforced Concrete  Diagonal ,sloping and strongly curved elements with massive horizontal and vertical members.  Using purest form of brick, concrete, glass, etc. Ronchamp Chappel ,France Concert Hall, Japan National Theatre, London UCSD Library, California
  18. 18. the pioneers: Le Corbusier across the world.  Louis kahn’s Asian office buildings. Paul Rudolf in America. Modern Architect Tadao Ando in Brazil Charles Correa in India.
  19. 19. Le Corbusier’s Boston city hall , 1969:  Boston City Hall is consists of the offices of the Mayor of Boston and the Boston City Council. Designed by the precedents of Le Corbusier, Gerhard Kallmann, Michael McKinnell.
  20. 20. brutalist features: Sculptural use of raw concrete. Heavy massy structure. Use of slender base support Maintaining the geometry formed by RCC members Pure geometrical forms clad with sleek curtain walls Articulated structure expressing the internal functions in rugged, cantilevered concrete forms.
  21. 21. Yale school of architecture, USA,1958 to 1965: Paul Rudolf’s Modern Brutal building. A seven storeyed building consisting studios, exhibitions, lab, halls, etc Interesting combination of terraces on each level.  The great revelation is the way the muscularity of the exterior is used to disguise the lightness of the interiors.
  22. 22. Yale school of architecture, USA,1958 to 1965: Fortress like building giving a massy look. Textured with Concrete and layered with steel framed glazing glass. Intersecting volume of bulky concrete. Concrete and glass supported by series of columns giving look of turrets. Play of light and shadow.
  23. 23. Charles Correa’s Ramkrishna House, 1962–1964 A large brick concrete residence in ahemdabad in 1962 made for a mill owner Vernacular architecture consists of two asymmetric brick “sails”, which are connected by a body of exposed concrete.  The simple profile of the front collides with the complex back side which consists of a combination of geometric brick and concrete volumes.
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Presentation by :- Nikita Sahuji, Vishakha Thole, Viren tawde.

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