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  2. 2. Presented By: Mayur Patil.(J-39) Sanket Bhatagalikar.(J-06) Aakash Surywanshi.(J-56) Umakant Thorat.(J-61) Guided By: Prof G. D. Bhutkar. DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER ENGINEERINGBANSILAL RAMNATH AGARWAL CHARITABLE TRUSTS VISHWAKARMA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY (An Autonomous Institute affiliated to University of Pune) PUNE – 411037 2011-2012
  3. 3. AGENDA  About Spain  Geographical Structure of Spain  Economy  Government  History  Regions of Spain  Climate of Spain  Spanish Culture  Military  Satellites of Spain  Application of GIS  References
  4. 4. ABOUT SPAIN  a country and member state of the European Union  includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the African coast, and two autonomous cities in North Africa, Ceuta and Melilla, that border Morocco  Also include town of Llívia is a Spanish exclave situated inside French territory  emerged as a unified country in the 15th century  a developed country with the twelfth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP  Recognized regional languages  Basque, Catalan/Valencian , Galician and Occitan  Official language(s)  Spanish Area  504,030 square kilometres (194,610 sq mi) (51st)  Second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union  fourth largest country in Europe  Water(%) 1.04
  5. 5. Geographical Structure LOCATION OF SPAIN Time zone CET (UTC+1) Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula mainland is bordered to south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar ; the north by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; northwest and west by the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal
  6. 6. ECONOMY GDP(Purchasing Power Parity)2011 estimate Total $1.413 trillion Per capita $30,622 GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate Total $1.536 trillion Per capita $33,297 HDI (2011) 0.878 (very high) (23rd) Money Matters Most major credit cards are accepted Most places have ATMs that allow you to withdraw cash with your card 1 US Dollar = .77 Euro
  7. 7. GOVERNMENT Unitary parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy King Juan Carlos I Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero (PSOE) Legislature Cortes Generales Upper House Senate Lower House Congress of Deputies Population 2010 estimate 46,030,109 (27th) Density 93/km2 ; 231/sq m
  8. 8. HISTORY Two major events in Spanish History  CONQUEST OF GRANADA: The CATHOLIC KING AND QUEEN: unity of the peninsula, created a permanent state served by civil servants and diplomats with a concept of unity. Spain was one of the first modern states in Europe.  DISCOVERY OF AMERICA Christopher Columbus by under Spanish command Formation 15th century Traditional date 569 (ascension to the throne of Liuvigild) Dynastic 1479 De facto 1516 De jure 1715 Nation state 1812 Constitutional democracy 1978
  9. 9. REGIONS OF SPAIN(19)Galicia Castilla-la ManchaPrincipado de Asturias ExtremaduraCantabria CataluñaPais Vasco Comunidad ValencianaComunidad Foral de Navarra Illes BalearsLa Rioja AndaluciaAragón Región de MurciaComunidad de Madrid Ciudad Autónoma de CeutaCastilla y León Ciudad Autónoma de Melilla Canarias
  10. 10. CLIMATE OF SPAIN Three main climatic zones can be separated  The Mediterranean climate, characterized by dry and warm summers  The semiarid climate , located in the southeastern quarter of the country  the dry season extends beyond the summer.  The oceanic climate , located in north quarter of the country  Contrary Mediterranean climate to winter and summer temperatures are influenced by the ocean, and have no seasonal drought
  11. 11. SPANISH CULTUREBullfighting The National Sport of Spain 711 AD 24,000 bulls are killed each yearFlamenco The Great Spanish Tradition Cante: the song Baile: the dance Guitarra: guitar playing Product of the GypsiesFiestas and Traditions Each town has their own celebrations Celebrate national holidays such as Christmas, Easter, All Saint’s Day, ect. Majority of festivities are religious based
  12. 12. MILITARY The armed forces of Spain are known as the Spanish Armed Forces Their Commander-in-chief is the King of Spain, Juan Carlos I military spending was an estimated 1.2% of the countrys GDP The Spanish Armed Forces are divided into three branches:  Army (Ejército de Tierra)  Navy (Armada)  Air Force (Ejército del Aire)
  13. 13. SATELLITES OF ESPAÑA Intasat 1 Amazonas 1 Hispasat 1E Nanosat Amazonas 3 Hispasat 1A XTAR-EUR Deimos Hispasat 1B Ingenio Spainsat Minisat 01 Amazonas 2 Paz Hispasat 1C Hispasat AG1 Hispasat 1D
  14. 14. INTASAT 1 HISPASAT 1A& 1B the first Spanish satellite  the first Spanish satellite Gross mass: 20 kg (44 lb).  Gross mass: 20 kg (44 lb). First Launch: 15/11/1974.  First Launch: 15/11/1974. Type: Communications  Type: Communications technology satellite technology satellite Power: Solar cells, batteries  Power: Solar cells, batteries Lifetime:2 years  Lifetime:2 years Used : to study the  Used : to study the ionosphere ionosphere
  15. 15. MINISAT 01 HISPASAT 1C , 1D Launced date: Apr 22, 1997  Launched date: Feb 03, 2000 & Sep 18, 2002 Type / Application:  Type / Application: Experimental Communication Mass:200 kg  Power:2 deployable solar arrays, batteries Lifetime: 2 years  Mass:3,113 kilograms (6,860 lb) Used : ; 3250 kg  Lifetime: 15 years  study the background radiation in the extreme ultraviolet range  Used :  study the low energy gamma  provides communications services to Europe and the Americas radiation from astronomic sources  digital T.V. broadcast (including using detectors HgI2 live television),  to study the behaviour of liquid telecommunications, data and bridges in microgravity conditions video  transmission and access to Internet and multi media services.
  16. 16. AMAZONAS 1 NANOSAT 01 Launched date: Aug 04, 2004  Launched date: Dec 18, 2004 Type / Application:  Type / Application: Science Communication  Power: Solar cells, batteries Power:2 deployable solar  Mass: 15 kilograms arrays, batteries  Used : to ensure Mass: 4545kilograms communications with bases in Lifetime: 15 years the Antarctica zone Used : provides a full range of both fixed and broadcast communications services, including TV broadcasting, business services, VSAT and data broadcasting
  17. 17. SPAINSAT 1 / XTAR-XTAR-EUR LANT Launched date: Feb 12, 2005  Launched date: Mar 11, 2006 Type / Application:  Type / Application: Communication Communication Power:2 deployable solar  Power:2 deployable solar arrays, batteries arrays, batteries Mass: 3631 kg  Mass: 3683 kg Lifetime: 15 years  Lifetime: 15 years Used : to operate with  Used : which provides existing and planned defense dedicated communications for communications terminals the Spanish Ministry of around the world. Defense.
  18. 18. AMAZONAS 2 HISPASAT AG1 Launched date: july, 2007  Launched date: may, 2008 Type / Application:  Type / Application: Communication Communication Power:2 deployable solar  Power:2 deployable solar arrays, batteries arrays, batteries  Mass: 5465 kg Mass: 5465 kg  Lifetime: 15 years Lifetime: 15 years  Used : Used : provide a full range of  a communication capacity of up telecommunications services to 24 transponders in Ku-band and three transponders in Ka- band  a highly innovative payload, REDSAT, led by Spanish industry
  19. 19. HISPASAT 1E AMAZONAS 3 Launched date: July, 2008  ordered in July 2010 Type / Application:  scheduled to be available for Communication launch in 2012 Power:2 deployable solar  Type / Application: Communication arrays, batteries  Power:2 deployable solar Mass: 5270 kg arrays, batteries Lifetime: 15 years  Mass: ~ 5000 kg Used :  Lifetime: 15 years to provide Fixed Satellite  Used : Services (FSS) and Broadcast  will be capable of operating up to Satellite Services (BSS) 33 simultaneous Ku-band transponders and 19 simultaneous C-band transponders over Europe and North and South America
  20. 20. DEIMOS 1 INGENIO & PAZ Launched date: 2008  Schedule date: 2013 ; 2012 Type / Application: Earth  Type / Application: Earth Observation observation Power:solar arrays, batteries  Lifetime: 7 years ; % years Used : provide imagery for  Uses : commercial applications, for  (Paz): providing images in any type of government use and for rapid- weather conditions, day and night, and will primarily fulfil the security and response following disasters defence needs of the Spanish government  (Ingenio): to provide  Full autonomy and independence in image capture  Applications in fields such as security  Land management  Natural resource management  Prevention of natural catastrophes.
  21. 21. APPLICATIONS OF GIS WEB GIS  Geographical Information Systems and Geo information on the Internet increase the possibilities of learning and teaching about territory. Statistical data, maps (cadastral, land use, geological…) and images of different places of the world, especially aerial photographs and satellite images, are put on the Web by a GIS program.  main aim of GIS is to solve territorial problems, but we will try to take advantage of the Internet of GIS for spatial skills in Geography teaching Old GIS system
  22. 22. SPAIN AIMS AT MILITARY-CIVILIANSATELLITES Spain is on track to become the first European country to have a dual Earthobservation system, radar and optical, for both civilian and military use Defense Minister Carme Chacon said radar technology installed on thesatellite, which is totally of Spanish design and manufacture, will enable up to100 images of the Earths surface to be taken per day at a resolution of up to 1yard  Chacon stressed that the Paz satellite, which will be in orbit in 2013, will be able to detect the position of any ship in the world that could possibly become the victim of hijacking through an automatic AIS identification system
  23. 23. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS FORWATER RESOURCES EVALUATION Application of GIS-BALAN to Atlantic basins in Spain : GIS-BALAN evaluates hydrologic components in a sequential manner and performs a daily water balance in the upper soil, the unsaturated zone and the underlying aquifer.Main window of GIS-BALAN pre-processor  It requires only a few parameters and incorporates user-friendly interfaces for data input and post-processing of results.  Computed groundwater levels and stream flows can be compared to measured data for the purpose of model testing and calibration which can be performed automatically by minimizing a least squares criterion
  24. 24. USED OF GIS FOR RURAL LAND USE PLANNINGIN GALICIA (SPAIN) Changes experienced in rural areas - depopulation, loss of agricultural activity - or the appearance of new activities or expectations placed upon the land require support tools for the decision-making process in terms of connecting activities and territories Land use planning models included the analysis and evaluation of their maincharacteristics
  25. 25. GIS SYSTEM AS A DECISION SUPPORT TOOL FORAGRICULTURAL PLANNING IN ARID ZONES OFSPAIN  objective of this work was to analyze the factors involved in rural planning to enable the identification of the important agricultural possibilities and risks related to the province of Almeria, Spain.  Main stages in the creation of this system were: (a) Information preparation, (b) Data integration, (c) Construction of GIS tool (ESTIARA*SIG), and (d) Exploitation of the information stored at the Ministry of Agriculture of the Regional Government of Andalusia, Spain, and its updating at the University of Almeria A GIS was carried out in the framework of the ESTIARA project, funded by the Ministry of Agriculture and Fishing of the Regional Government of Andalusia
  27. 27. FIRE HAZARD MODELS FROM REMOTE SENSING  Digitally processed Thematic Map data were integrated with other layers of geographic information to derive a forest fire hazard map.  The objective of this project was to establish a reliable method for fire hazard mapping in a mediterranean environment.  Aspect groups for the fire hazard model. Dark grey, southeast (high hazard); medium grey, southwest (medium hazard); and white, north (low hazard):
  28. 28. Use of Geographic Information Systems as aDecision Support Tool for the Management ofMediterranean Fisheries  a global approach which has been formalized in order to develop a computerized simulation tool called FAST (Fishing Activity Simulation Tool), distributed as an extension of ESRI ArcView GIS Software.  FAO COPEMED Project GCP/REM/057/SPA, within the framework of its activities aiming the enhancement of scientific knowledge for a better management of Mediterranean Fisheries, has led a regional training activity on the use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS)  EMA Ltd. Slovenia has been selected by the National Fisheries Authority (NFA) of Albania to provide an integrated Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) for fisheries management. Fishing vessel with BlueTraker
  29. 29. GIS APPLICATION IMPROVES STADIUMSECURITY OF FOOTBALL GAMESThese application allows police and emergency responders to track and view security and safety activities digitally using a Web-enabled, spatial platformThe map displays GIS layers for incidents, rescue squad and police resources,stadium seating location references, and interior space floor plans overlaid on topof an aerial view of the stadium and surrounding areas
  30. 30. GIS-FOREST TREE SPECIES IN SPAINFour Applications  GIS of tree forest species in Spain  This application is a GIS viewer implemented in ArcGIS Server 9.3, with information about forest tree species included in Spanish RD 289/2003 and in1999-105 European Directive  Use Recommendations of Forest Reproduction Materials  Another Gis-viewer application shows climatic suitability of tree forest species included in Spanish RD 289/2003 and in1999-105 European Directive, and their use in reforestation  Regions of Provenance in Europe  For some important European species, you can access to the Regions of provenance in Europe, and the national codes used in the marketing of forest Reproductive material.  Distribution maps of forest tree species
  31. 31. GIS-FOREST TREE SPECIES IN SPAIN (CONT……) Distribution of PlantationEvolution of commercial timber harvests in Galicia(1996-2008)
  32. 32. REFERENCES•••••••••
  33. 33. THANK YOU !!!