Traditional and Social Media as Watchdogs for FOIAct Implementation
JUSTICE, DEVELOPMENT AND PEACE COMMISSION
To equip CSOs and the media with various
strategies available for effective use in the
social and traditional media to promote
implementation of Freedom of Information Act
in South West, Nigeria.
Knowledge: Participants are able to analyse
the prevailing political environment and use
appropriate media strategies to mobilise and
sensitize grassroots to advocate for the
adoption of FOIA or enactment of their FOI in
their various States.
Attitude: Participants acknowledge and
appreciate their vanguard role in championing
the establishment of open, transparent and
accountable government through the FOIA.
Skill: Participants are empowered with
necessary skills to facilitate constructive
engagement with power structure on FOIA in
South West Nigeria
Media refer to communication channels
through which news, entertainment, education,
data or proportional messages are
Mass media can be described as a medium by
which information and news are given to a
large number of people.
Traditional Media is often referred to as „‟old
media”. This sort of media includes magazines,
books, newspapers, radio and television.
Andreas kaplan and Michael Haenlein define social
media as “a group of internet based applications that
build on ideological and technological foundation of
web 2.0, which allows the creation and exchange of
user generated content”.
Social Media, according to renowned researcher Boyd
defined social media as a web-based services that
allow individuals to:
(1) construct a public or semi profile within a
(2)articulate a list of other users with whom they
share a connection, and
(3) view and traverse their list of connections and
those made others within the system.
TYPE EXAMPLES DESCRIPTION
01 Social Networking Facebook, Myspace,
linkedln, Google plus,
Allow users to add friends send
messages and share content.
People on social networking sites
group in communities of like
02 Social bookmarking Digg, Delicious, Yahoo!
Buzz, Stumble upon,
Allow users to share their
favourite online content with one
another while also creating online
03 Blog Wordpress, Typepad,
Online journals where the author
can write (blog) about any interest
he wants. The blogger can also use
the blog to share content picked
up from other social media site
(Youtube, Isuu) by taking
advantage of the simple
embedded codes offered by those
04 Questions and Answers Yahoo
Facebook Q &A,
Allow users to ask
random questions, and
anyone can answer and
05 Meet ups/Events Evite, facebook
Allows users to promote
and display where people
are at that moment.
Creative Commons Licensing rights and
permissions for other to use
the photo by simply
embedding the codes in their
07 Micro blogging Twitter Allows users to send short
140 character message in real
time to large audience.
08 Photo sharing Flickr, Photobucket,
Allow users to upload or
watch video content or listen
to music to a site for sharing
either privately or public.
There is an avalanche of opportunities that can be
successfully harnessed for the realisation of the
ideal of Freedom of Information Act in the South
West geo- political zone.
Electronic Media (Radio and Television)
1. News bulletin
3. News Commentary(Radio)
5. News Tip (after or in the mid of bulletin)
1. News Report
2. News feature
6. Letter to the Editor
1. WhatsApp (creating a group for information
4. Yahoo Messenger
7. Blackberry Messenger
8. On-line Newspapers
Enriches the quality of News items and reduce
the incident of misrepresentation,
misinformation and falsehood.
It stimulates Investigative Journalism and
reduces jaundiced journalism.
It enhances the credibility of practitioners and
creates conducive work environment.
It sanitises and promotes stability in the polity
by curtailing the spread of dangerous rumour
that could cause instability in the system.
It promotes public dialogue and increase public
awareness about government „s actions.
It enhances good governance, promotes
accountability and development.
It facilitates public oversight of government
operation particularly during preparation and
Media practitioners should come out from their
complacency and vanguard the crusade for the
adoption or enactment of FOI in South west geo
Access to Information Committee (regional) could
formed to critically assess the level of compliance
in the zone and possible interventions beyond this
Possible dialogue with leaders of the major
political party in the zone to stimulate the
adoption or enactment of FOI in the South west
Dialogue with media owners and management
to secure their supports in the on-going
campaign for FOIA.
Explore the potential of media in the
sensitization of the people at the grassroots.
To achieve any substantial breakthrough in
current campaign for the adoption of FOIA by
States in the South west Nigeria, all the
potentials in the media should be used to
pressurise relevant actors to look into this
direction in the interest of good governance
and democracy in the country.