Traditional and Social Media as Watchdogs for FOIAct Implementation


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Presented by Jide Bamgbose, Justice Development and Peace Commission (JDPC), Ibadan at a 2-day Capacity Enhancement Workshop on Advocacy organized by South-West Freedom of Information Advocacy Network

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Traditional and Social Media as Watchdogs for FOIAct Implementation

  2. 2.  To equip CSOs and the media with various strategies available for effective use in the social and traditional media to promote implementation of Freedom of Information Act in South West, Nigeria.
  3. 3.  Knowledge: Participants are able to analyse the prevailing political environment and use appropriate media strategies to mobilise and sensitize grassroots to advocate for the adoption of FOIA or enactment of their FOI in their various States.  Attitude: Participants acknowledge and appreciate their vanguard role in championing the establishment of open, transparent and accountable government through the FOIA.
  4. 4.  Skill: Participants are empowered with necessary skills to facilitate constructive engagement with power structure on FOIA in South West Nigeria
  5. 5.  Media refer to communication channels through which news, entertainment, education, data or proportional messages are disseminated.  Mass media can be described as a medium by which information and news are given to a large number of people.  Traditional Media is often referred to as „‟old media”. This sort of media includes magazines, books, newspapers, radio and television.
  6. 6.  Andreas kaplan and Michael Haenlein define social media as “a group of internet based applications that build on ideological and technological foundation of web 2.0, which allows the creation and exchange of user generated content”.  Social Media, according to renowned researcher Boyd defined social media as a web-based services that allow individuals to: (1) construct a public or semi profile within a bounded system, (2)articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection, and (3) view and traverse their list of connections and those made others within the system.
  7. 7.  Radio.  Television.  Newspaper.  Magazine.  Electronic/Bill boards.
  8. 8. S/ N TYPE EXAMPLES DESCRIPTION 01 Social Networking Facebook, Myspace, linkedln, Google plus, Ning, Bebo Allow users to add friends send messages and share content. People on social networking sites group in communities of like mind. 02 Social bookmarking Digg, Delicious, Yahoo! Buzz, Stumble upon, Reddit Allow users to share their favourite online content with one another while also creating online bookmark. 03 Blog Wordpress, Typepad, Blogger, Livejournal, Tumblr Online journals where the author can write (blog) about any interest he wants. The blogger can also use the blog to share content picked up from other social media site (Youtube, Isuu) by taking advantage of the simple embedded codes offered by those content hosts
  9. 9. 04 Questions and Answers Yahoo questions, Facebook Q &A, Formspring. Allow users to ask random questions, and anyone can answer and start conversation. 05 Meet ups/Events Evite, facebook events foursquare Allows users to promote and display where people are at that moment.
  10. 10. 06 Intellectual Property sharing Creative Commons Licensing rights and permissions for other to use the photo by simply embedding the codes in their blog. 07 Micro blogging Twitter Allows users to send short 140 character message in real time to large audience. 08 Photo sharing Flickr, Photobucket, Picasa Allow users to upload or watch video content or listen to music to a site for sharing either privately or public.
  11. 11.  There is an avalanche of opportunities that can be successfully harnessed for the realisation of the ideal of Freedom of Information Act in the South West geo- political zone.  TRADITIONAL MEDIA:  Electronic Media (Radio and Television) 1. News bulletin 2. Documentary 3. News Commentary(Radio) 4. Interview 5. News Tip (after or in the mid of bulletin)
  12. 12. 6.Special Report. 7. VOX pop. 8.Scroll Messages (News bar). 9.Live or phone-in programme. 10.Recorded Programme
  13. 13. 1. News Report 2. News feature 3. Feature 4. Opinion 5. Editorial 6. Letter to the Editor 7. Advertorial
  14. 14.  Social Media 1. WhatsApp (creating a group for information sharing) 2. Skype 3. Twitter. 4. Yahoo Messenger 5. Facebook 6. Blogs 7. Blackberry Messenger 8. On-line Newspapers
  15. 15.  Enriches the quality of News items and reduce the incident of misrepresentation, misinformation and falsehood.  It stimulates Investigative Journalism and reduces jaundiced journalism.  It enhances the credibility of practitioners and creates conducive work environment.  It sanitises and promotes stability in the polity by curtailing the spread of dangerous rumour that could cause instability in the system.
  16. 16.  It promotes public dialogue and increase public awareness about government „s actions.  It enhances good governance, promotes accountability and development.  It facilitates public oversight of government operation particularly during preparation and implementation.
  17. 17.  Media practitioners should come out from their complacency and vanguard the crusade for the adoption or enactment of FOI in South west geo political zone.  Access to Information Committee (regional) could formed to critically assess the level of compliance in the zone and possible interventions beyond this training.  Possible dialogue with leaders of the major political party in the zone to stimulate the adoption or enactment of FOI in the South west Nigeria.
  18. 18.  Dialogue with media owners and management to secure their supports in the on-going campaign for FOIA.  Explore the potential of media in the sensitization of the people at the grassroots.
  19. 19.  To achieve any substantial breakthrough in current campaign for the adoption of FOIA by States in the South west Nigeria, all the potentials in the media should be used to pressurise relevant actors to look into this direction in the interest of good governance and democracy in the country.
  20. 20. Thank you and God bless.