SDGs Baseline Survey Findings
The South West States
Mainstreaming Sustainable Development Goals
State Development Plan Workshop.
The summaries of the survey
findings for the South West as
Mr. Felix Obanubi.
Lead Specialist, Development Animation
• Executive Summary
• Introduction: Purpose & Goals of the Survey
• Introduction of Partners
• Survey Findings
• Observations and Recommendations
Survey Purpose& Goals
In keeping with Goal 17 of the SDGs, this survey is a collaboration between DAWN
Commission and DAP with support from DFID
• The purpose of the survey is to begin to create an inventory of stakeholders
(baseline data) and their activities and the range of influence in the civic space;
• Get a clear understanding of the perception of roles and responsibilities of the
different respondent groups in the thematic areas and take on suggestions,
recommendations of the next steps for partnership;
• Facilitate capacity building between sectors and for different respondent groups,
• Determine the capacity of civil engagement requires across the six states of the
South West Region of Nigeria towards integrating the SDGs into national/sub-
national and Local government development plans.
• The goal of the baseline survey is to bridge deficit in data based, inform and guide
programme planning and design arose out of a series of activities and workshops
carried out in the later part of the year by the partners and varied stakeholders.
High points of the Survey Findings
• The general level of awareness is low, so public
enlightenment on SDGs is critical.
• The results/respondents were not accurate as people
included researchers provided some explanations, even few
government officers has use search engine before few
despondence begins answering the questions; without this,
the level of awareness would have been even lower than
reflected in the survey results.
• Readiness to implement SDGs is still low- many still do not
see the need for collaboration or partnership non- multi-
• There is a need to align/ mainstreaming all governments/all
sectors’ programme into the SDG indicators.
• People are not able to link their day to day activities to fit
into the SDGs.
• Media should be focused on more.
• Series of meetings were held among DAP, DAWN and DfID, in regards to the
design of the survey and a Round table meeting with the enumerators to open-
up the research design for critical analysis and discussion.
• At the end of a meeting held on 17th January 2017 at the offices of Development
Agenda for Western Region (DAWN Commission), 10th Floor, Cocoa House,
Ibadan, enumerators were commissioned.
• This covered a period of 10 days. The questionnaire was administered both
electronically and manually and later entered unto the electronic form by the
field team. Each day, a state by state update was given on the progress of the
• A total of 1407 responses were received from the six states.
• A total of 1407 responses were received from
the six states.
State differences in level of awareness and in the experience in the
implementation of the survey make it clear that each state is unique in their
experiences and needs
General Level of Awareness of SDG
• The use of the electronic data was more difficult , so hard copy was
used because majority of respondents are not ICT complaints.
• Government officers found it hard to release information until they
got an approval from higher level officers
• The awareness of SDG was low, even though some knew about the
• The NGOs knew more about SDGs
• Private sector were more willing to give information after the initial
concerns of what would it benefit them
• Private sector said; information dissemination of the survey was
very poor- programs should be brought to the grassroot
• Government: civil servants should be apolitical, having to write
names made it difficult for them for fear of repercussions
• It took a lot to drive the process in Lagos, the director,
office of transformation had to go personally from MDA to
MDA to get the questions answered
• Time was also short to meet the needs of government
• A lot of government responses were not reported because
by the time the responses came in, the survey had closed
• Private sector awareness was low, NGOs knew more, Govt.
awareness was also okay.
• People got scared seeing the whole survey.
• The time is short for these programs especially for the
• Lagos State awareness level is low
• NGOs had more awareness
• There was suspicion on the part of artisans,
professional bodies like the NBA which also didn’t
know much about the SDGs.
• Private sector didn’t see a need for involvement
• Uneducated groups wanted the survey translated
and had a concern for being carried along later in
• Government level of awareness is very law, though they were
receptive to the hard copies of the survey. Min. of commerce- only
1 person filled. Low level officials were more receptive
• SDG office refused to fill the questionnaires totally because they
had not been briefed. Min of budget were receptive
• Organized Civil society were also receptive, though they preferred
hard copies also
• Private sector is emerging and were open though they were not
enough. They don’t recognized the relevance yet.
• Across all the senatorial districts, the level of awareness is very low.
• The transition going on in the state made it difficult to reach the top
level civil servants who could give approval for the questionnaire,
also made it a very sensitive period for dissemination of
• The response to the online tool was very poor so
hard copies was made
• Government was not interested in filling any
forms because they are on half salary
• The suspicion about being tracked is real and that
affected the filling of the survey forms filled even
at the government offices
• Private Sector are more receptive, but they
wanted to know how it would benefit them
• Awareness is generally low
• Awareness level is low across board
• There was reluctance to release information
• At the same period there was news of dismissals around the state
• Letter from DAWN was not accepted – they insisted they needed another
letter from the head of service, in spite of that, the response was still poor
• Private sector were suspicious of the government intension, and though
they were more receptive, they wanted to know how it would benefit
• The period for the survey was a critical period for civil servants, they were
fraught with fear of dismissal. LGAs wanted a letter directly from the
• Faith Based Organisations level of awareness is low
• The level of involvement of the MDA (the State planning office) helps with
the response level we obtained.
• High ignorance of SDGs by most literate populace including media
• Wide spread Low level of awareness about the SDGs among every single
sector of society
• Across the region, they was widespread misconception and insecurity
among careers workers of the State MDAs which made many of them resist
participating in the survey for fear of being victimised by political forces.
• High level of bureaucracy among Government MDAs that makes
collaboration and accessibility of information difficult
• Bureaucracy in all the States’ MDAs also contributed significantly to delays
and refusal by some Government workers who insisted in getting
authorization from their superiors before they can participate in the survey.
• There also exists a wide capacity gap among CSOs, private sector and
government to adequately track their activities in line with the SDGs.
GENERAL OBSERVATIONS CONT……
• Private sector is unaware of the linkages between their activities and the SDGs,
even hospitals and schools (Goals’ 3 & 4) that have direct bearing on the SDGs
are not aware of this linkage.
• Generally, there is widespread agreement that there is need for a regional body
that will coordinate activities around SDG awareness, data gathering and M&E
across the SW. There are suggestions for how this body should be formed and
what it should do and how.
• Beyond funding, respondents also expect development partners to be involved
in Capacity Building, provision of Technical Support and promoting Partnerships
• Respondents expect governments to create an enabling environment for
business development, growth and general wellbeing of the citizens by the
development and implementation of relevant policies and laws.
• State differences in level of awareness and in the experience in the
implementation of the survey make it clear that each state is unique in their
experiences and needs 27
• There is urgent need for wide Spread Awareness Campaigns using social
media, electronic and print media in both English and Yoruba to reach out to all
levels in all the states across the region.
• It is recommended that rather than create a new structure for coordinating
SDG efforts across the region, DAP takes on the role working in collaboration
with DAWN Commission and with state level informal structures that help in
coordinated planning for awareness raising, sensitization and gathering,
analyzing, reporting and disseminating of data and progress reports on SDG –
state and regional level. This will make way for proper accountability.
• That the body should help to work with government MDAs to streamline
policies especially with respect to SDGs in order to create uniformity across
MDAs with regards to interaction and collaborations with other stakeholders
(civil society, private).
• There is a need to facilitate state specific and contextualized SDG related
planning towards achieving state level priorities aside from the generic
prioritized goals at regional level
• There is need for communications strategy on SDGs to create awareness among the varied
• Capacity building for CSOs, private and government staff on programming, Monitoring,
Evaluation and reporting progrss in line with the Sustainable Development Goals should
be a priority.
• There is a need to create a State level structure for co-ordination of the various efforts of
Government, CSO and the Private sector for easy priority setting, communication,
reporting and feedback.
• It is recommended that all the state governments in the region be encouraged to
domesticate and implement the Freedom of information law in alignment with the spirit
of SDG slogan ‘no one left behind’ and ‘all hands be on deck’. This will make access to
information possible and thus empower citizenry for positive and proactive engagement
• There is a need for awareness creation and capacity building on SDGs for personnel of Key
line Ministries, Department and Agencies of Government
• The task of Monitoring and Evaluation of SDG efforts across the region will need to be
taken seriously and needs to be a task of the coordinating body