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Mayank mittal.pptx

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Mayank mittal.pptx

  1. 1. European Renaissance Name.;Mayank mittal Group.;213 12/14/15
  2. 2. 12/14/15 3 • Rebirth of European learning and science • Rediscovery of Greco-roman ideas • Rebirth of Humanism • Starts in the northern Italian city states because of the money from the spice trade • Mostly an artistic movement in southern Europe (Italy) • Mostly a literary movement in northern Europe (England)
  3. 3. 12/14/15 4 Humanism • Really an old idea from Ancient Greece and Rome • Based on the Socratic and Platonic ideas of observation and reasoning • Idea that man, not God, was the center of the universe • Man controls his own destiny • Man can learn about and understand his world by observation and reason without God’s help • Helped spark a new age of secular learning and the development of early modern schools and universities such as Oxford and Cambridge • Led many to question both governments and the institutional Church
  4. 4. 12/14/15 8 Northern Italian Renaissance • Spices brought money • Different cities signed exclusive contracts with Arab spice merchants • Italian City States began to compete against each other for prestige, beauty and knowledge •Venice – city of merchants run by the “Doge” (an elected official) • Florence – run by the Medici family (a very powerful banking family with considerable influence over the papacy) •mostly an artistic movement (rediscovery of Greco-Roman 3- Dimensional ideas) • Today these cities are like outdoor museums – even the buildings themselves are works of art, not to mention the priceless pieces of art contained within them
  5. 5. Northern Italian City Leaders – patrons to the artists Patron – wealthy merchant or political leader that provided financial and political support to the artists They often used their influence and prestige to get particular artists Different city states competed with each other – trying to out do each other 12/14/15
  6. 6. Medici family of Florence Powerful and wealthy merchant and banking family Established a strong financial working relationship with the Vatican and the Papacy Eventually put members of their own family on the throne of St. Peter’s Linked to Europe’s royal houses across Europe by 1650 Ran Florence for about 3 centuries Patrons to dozens of artists including Leonardo, Michaelangelo and Bottecelli Driving force behind Brunelleschi’s Dome on the Duomo 12/14/15
  7. 7. Early Renaissance Art
  8. 8. 18 Great Italian Artists of the Renaissan 12/1 c 4/15 e • Leonardo da Vinci • Michelangelo • Donatello • Raphael
  9. 9. Renaissance Literature Rediscovery of old Greco- Roman ideas and stories Authors used logic and humanistic techniques to “modernize” the stories Wrote not in Greek or Latin, but rather in native languages Works spread because of the printing press Greatest writers Petrarch Machiavelli Shakespeare
  10. 10. Roman Renaissance • Outgrowth of the Northern Italian renaissance • Popes had the most money and could afford to pay for the best artists – Michelangelo is perhaps the most important • If the Church needed money, it just had to issue a special indulgence for the building of St. Peter’s or anything else (spices were unnecessary) • Millions of pounds of gold flowed into Rome 12/14/15 44

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