ROLE OF DIET AND
NUTRITION IN DENTAL
ROLE OF DIET AND NUTRITION IN
WHAT IS DIET??
A.Diet is defined as the types and amounts of food
eaten daily by an individual.
Have you ever wondered what are the types of
we consume on a daily basis??
It is defined as the sum of the processes by which an
individual takes and utilizes food.
What do we utilize?
Carbohydrates,Fats,Proteins,Minerals and Vitamins.
OUT OF ALL THE NUTRIENTS, CARBOHYDRATES PLAY A MAJOR
ROLE IN CAUSING DENTAL CARIES!! HOW?? :/
Enamel is the outermost layer of tooth and it gets
destroyed completely in the process of dental caries.
Also, it is the hardest material in human body( harder
than your bones) !!!
This brings us to our next question-
WHAT ARE DENTAL CARIES??
CARIES means to ‘rot’ or ‘decay’.
Therefore dental caries is the process of rotting away of a
THE PROCESS OF DECAY OF THE TOOTH INVOLVES 3 MAJOR FACTORS:-
TOTAL SUGARS= FREE SUGARS + ADDED SUGARS
Added sugars are those sugars which are added to foods
and beverages. They can cause dental caries if good oral
hygiene is not maintained.
Free sugars- Sugars present in unbound form in food and
Out of all the vitamins, Vitamin D and Vitamin K have been proven
useful in supplementing to maintenance of oral hygiene.
VITAMIN D- Required for normal development of teeth and also
help in reducing chances of caries occurrence in children.
VITAMIN K-It helps in reducing the breakdown of carbohydrates
,so that the bacteria present in mouth are not able to use it.