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  1. 1. MSc in Restorative Dentistry Two-Year Programme Course Handbook School of Dental Sciences Faculty of Medicine 2004-2006
  2. 2. Table of ContentsTable of Contents 2School Information 3Introduction to Prospective and New Students 4Map of School and Hospital 6Teachers on the MSc Course 7Aims and Learning Outcomes 9Curriculum 10Teaching and Learning 11Student Assessment 15Student Support and Progression 19Teaching and Learning Resources 21Quality Assurance and Enhancement 22Benefits of the MSc 23Appendices 24MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 2
  3. 3. School Information The School of Dental Sciences University of Newcastle Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4BW Faculty of Medicine Graduate School Office 0191-222-7002 MSc in Restorative Dentistry 0191-222-8195 Programme Director Dental Postgraduate Dean 0191-222-8925 University Switchboard 0191-222-6000 Fax Number Medical School 0191-222-6521 University Telex Number 53654 (UNINEW G) Hospital Switchboard 0191-232-5131 Student Counselling Service 0191-222-7699 Student Advice Centre 0191-222-6367MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 3
  4. 4. Introduction to Prospectiveand New StudentsWelcome to the School of Dental Sciences and the University of Newcastleupon Tyne. The object of the handbook is to give you practical information onthe MSc in Restorative Dentistry. This is a two-year programme, which isnormally full-time, but exemption may be given to allow part of the course tobe taken whilst working in general practice or as a specialist registrar (seeregulation 4, p 29).The aim of the course is to enable dentists to acquire advanced skills andknowledge in the field of Restorative Dentistry. The course is designed toprovide the foundations for: • Enhanced general dental practice • Specialist practice (overseas) • Specialist training in Restorative Dentistry • Clinical academiaIn order for it to be considered as part of an approved UK specialist training inRestorative Dentistry, candidates must be employed as a specialist registrarin Restorative Dentistry with a training number.The MSc in Restorative Dentistry has been incorporated as part of the firsttwo years of our 4 year mono-speciality training programmes in Endodontics,Periodontics and Prosthodontics. These programmes were approved by theSpecialist Advisory Committee in Restorative Dentistry in February 2003. (seealso p.22). It is important to note that the MSc programme also stands aloneas a two year programme. Most applications are for the two year rather thanthe four year programme.Students are selected on the basis of the quality of their applications, whichshould demonstrate commitment to postgraduate dentistry. There is no formalinterview but prospective students are welcome to arrange an informal visit toview the facilities and discuss their studies.Prospective students for whom English is not their first language are asked fordocumented evidence of IELTS or TOEFL scores. The minimum scoresnecessary for admission are: IELTS of 6.5; TOEFL 575/Computer TOEFL233. The IELTS must also include the Test of Written English. Where scoresare borderline, advice is taken from the Language centre as to the need for apre-sessional English course or in-course support (e.g. tuition in thesiswriting). Successful completion of any such pre-sessional course would be acondition of entry to the MSc programme.Students accepted on the course will receive information from the UniversityAccommodation Bureau and a Student Welfare Handbook, which providesinformation about a variety of welfare agencies and facilities, which areavailable in the University. It describes the University Student Office andintroduces agencies such as the University Counselling Service, theChaplaincy and the Students Union Advice Centre. For students fromMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 4
  5. 5. overseas there is also a separate section on the International Office and otherorganisations specifically concerned with overseas students.The Programme Director is there to facilitate all aspects of the courseincluding academic, clinical and student welfare matters. If a student is havingdifficulties the Programme Director should be the first person to consult. Youwill also be allocated a personal tutor who would normally be your researchsupervisor.The two year course is intensive and covers three broad areas: • Theoretical training • Patient management and laboratory skills • Planning, undertaking and writing up a research projectThese areas have a similar weighting and it is important to ensure that oneaspect does not flourish at the expense of the others. A timetable is set out inappendix 1 to show the various deadlines and how the emphasis changesthroughout the course.Study skills and time management are essential. The Student WelfareHandbook gives useful hints on these and other aspects of academic life,which may have been forgotten since undergraduate days.The Graduate School Office is situated on the ground floor corridor of theCatherine Cookson Building, which runs from the main entrance of the WilliamLeech Building. Please do not hesitate to enquire at this office if you requireany help with registration and documentation. You will be provided withshared office accommodation within the School of Dental Sciences whereyour mail will be delivered.I hope you find this handbook helpful and wish you every success in yourdental course. Dr R W Wassell Programme DirectorThe MSc programme is subject to a continual process of quality assuranceand enhancement through its Curriculum Committee. To the best of ourknowledge the contents of this guide are correct at the time of going to press.Occasionally it is necessary to make changes to the course (e.g. as a resultof staff turnover). We reserve the right to make these changes, which will benotified immediately to participants. Permanent changes will be incorporatedin the documentation for the following year.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 5
  6. 6. Map of School and Hospital O r a l b io lo g y O r a l b io lo g y t e a c h in g la b P r o s t h o d o n t ic t e a c h in g C llin ic a l s k ills la b o r a t o r y la b o r a t o r y Fifth floor C o n s e r v a t io n P e r io d o n t o lo g y C o n s e r v a t io n C o n s e r v a t io n Fourth floor R e s t o r a t iv e d e n t is t r y In i t i a l t r e a t m e n t S ta ff ro o m s c lin ic P r o s t h o d o n t ic s Third floor C h ild D e n t a l H e a lt h N u t r it io n a n d Te a c h in g e p id e m io lo g y S ta ff ro o m s la b C h ild D e n t a l H e a lt h Second floor O ra l s u rg e ry P h o to g ra p h y a nd s ta ff ro o m s R e c o rd s a n d E x a m in a t io n a n d h o s p it a l a d m in is t r a t io n w a it in g a r e a D e n ta l m a t e r ia ls S c ie n c e Hospital R a d io lo g y la b s First entrance floor L e c t u r e t h e a t r e b lo c k S c h o o l e n tra n c e D e n ta l s tu d e n ts c o m m o n ro o m D e n ta l S t u d e n t c h a n g in g R e fe c to ry S c ho o l O f f ic e De a ns O f f ic e A d m in . S t a f f c h a n g in g C e n t r a l s t e r ile s u p p ly u n it O ra l Im m u n o l o g y E le c t r o n p a t h o lo g y m ic r o s c o p y Ground floorMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 6
  7. 7. Teachers on the MSc CourseDepartment of Restorative DentistryMr. G.R. AllenMr. S.C. Barclay BDS, MSc, FDS RCPS (Glas), DRD, MRD RCSMrs M Corson BDS FDS RCPS MScDr. J.E. Ellis BDS [Ncle], PhD [Ncle], FDS RCS [Ed]Dr. N.M. Girdler BDS [Brist], BSc [Nottm], PhD [Lond], FDS RCS [Eng], FFDRCS [Irel]Dr. P.A. Heasman BDS, MDS, PhD [Ncle], FDS RCPS, DRD RCS [Ed]Mr. D.J.Jacobs BDS [Ncle], FDS RCS [Ed], DRD RCSDr. N.J.A. Jepson BDS [Lond], PhD [Ncle], FDS RCSMr J. LillicoProfessor J.F. McCabe BSc, PhD [Birm], DSc [Ncle], FADMDr G.I. McCracken BDS, MFDS, PhDDr. F. Nohl MBBS [Lond], BDS [Lond], FDS RCS [Eng], MSc, MRDDr P M Preshaw BDS FDS RCSProfessor R.A. Seymour BDS [Lond], PhD [Ncle], FDS RCS [Ed]Dr. S. Sidhu BDS [Sing], PhD [Lond], MSc [Lond]Mr. D.G. Smith BDS [Liv], FDS RCS [Ed], DRD RCS [Ed], FDS RCS [Eng]Dr. J.G. Steele BDS [Dund], PhD [Ncle], FDS RCPS [Glas]Dr. J.M. Thomason BDS [Ncle], PhD [Ncle] FDS RCS [Ed]Professor A.W.G.Walls BDS, PhD [Ncle], FDS RCSDr. R.W. Wassell BDS, MSc [Lond], PhD [Ncle], FDS RCSDr. J.M. Whitworth BChD [Leeds], PhD [Edin], FDS RCS [Ed]Oral BiologyProfessor R.R.B. Russell BA [Dub] PhD [Melb] FDSRCSMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 7
  8. 8. Oral PathologyDr. A Nolan MB Bch BAO [NUI] BDentSc[DUB], FFDRCSIRadiologyMrs. W.M. Hogg DCR [R]Please note that short profiles for the above teachers can be found at: IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 8
  9. 9. Aims and Learning OutcomesThe aim of the MSc programme is to enable dentists to acquire advancedskills and knowledge in the field of Restorative Dentistry. This education isbuilt on a firm foundation of basic principles. With this in mind the learningoutcomes of the programme are: • to aquire knowledge of the literature in relevant fields • to be able to evaluate research literature • to diagnose and formulate appropriate treatment options • to undertake laboratory and restorative techniques to advanced standards • to integrate theoretical and practical knowledge • to understand and be able to apply research methodologies • to acquire appropriate IT skills for data analysis and documentation • to realise that academic and clinical skills need to be constantly reviewed, challenged and updated • to treat patients with respect and without prejudice • to work in harmony with peers, support staff and teachers • to appreciate your limitations and to take advice or refer a patient when appropriateMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 9
  10. 10. CurriculumIn order to deliver the aforementioned objectives, the curriculum includes thefollowing modules which run concurrently: • Fixed prosthodontics and Conservation (including laboratory techniques) • Removable prosthodontics • Endodontology • Periodontology • Dental materials science • Interrelated subjects • Research methods and statistics • Instruction in the use of personal computersDetailed study guides are available for all but the last two modules. The Unitof Health Services Research may be asked to oversee research methods andstatistics. With respect to personal computers help is at hand, but studentsare encouraged to attend the courses run by the Computing Centre.Maxillofacial Prosthodontics and obturator construction are consideredseparate specialities and would not normally be covered by the course.Dates for Academic Year 2004-2005Term 1:Sept 22nd (first year students), Oct 4th (second year students) – Dec 17th.Term 2:Jan 10th – March 18thTerm 3:April 4th – July 22ndStudents normally have access to library and research facilities out of termtime.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 10
  11. 11. Teaching and LearningIntroductionKnowledge based objectives are met by a variety of teaching methods,including seminars, lectures, essays, a research project, computer assistedlearning, practical classes (clinical skills and technical laboratories) and a logdiary. In addition full-time students will be encouraged during their secondyear to consolidate their clinical knowledge by teaching undergraduates.These elements are described in more detail on the following pages. Skillbased objectives, involving the treatment of patients, are developed in theclinical skills and technical laboratories before starting work in the clinicaldepartments of conservation and periodontology. Patients are allocated toyour care and you are expected to carry out some of the laboratory relatedwork under supervision; such diagnostic skills are developed on thesepatients as well as on those seen on consultant-led diagnostic clinics. Thoserelated to research, data analysis and the interpretation of research work areaddressed by the course on medical statistics, seminars and by theexperience of carrying out a research project. You prepare and process yourown research project and log diary thus enhancing the skills of documentationand presentation. Attitude based objectives: an attitude of constructive self-criticism is engendered during seminars and clinical training. Although clinicalwork within the School of Dental Sciences is supervised, you are encouragedto decide on appropriate treatment strategies (which must be agreed withyour supervisor), take responsibility for their implementation and seekguidance when appropriate.SeminarsMost of the formal teaching is by means of seminars. The purpose of theseminars is to give you an opportunity to read, assimilate and criticisereferences from the scientific literature. A comprehensive list of seminartopics (see Appendix 2) has been devised so that the subject of RestorativeDentistry can be covered in depth. Seminars have also been arranged inother subjects that are of relevance to Restorative Dentistry, e.g. sedation,lesions of the oral mucosa. These are designed to give you a flavour of thecurrent thinking in these fields.A seminar leader has been allocated for each of the Restorative Dentistrysubjects. He/she will provide you with a short reading list of key papers. Youwill be expected to trace these references (mainly from the library) and notethe relevant facts on index cards. The reading lists will be kept purposelyshort to enable you to locate additional references relevant to the subject.This will normally involve following up references which crop-up duringreading and a scan of the recent dental literature. Any new references foundshould be photocopied by you and the seminar leader provided with a copy.The seminars will usually be about an hour in length. It is inevitable thatsome seminars will be held out of office hours because of the heavy teaching,research and treatment commitments of the seminar leaders. You may usethe index cards as an aide memoir for discussion points on the variouspapers.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 11
  12. 12. Undergraduate LecturesYou may attend suitable undergraduate lectures in Restorative Dentistry, e.g.Occlusion, Dental Considerations of the Ageing Population and DentalMaterials Science. These lectures are not intended to set the level ofknowledge required by an MSc candidate but to give an overview, which mustbe supplemented by further study.Essay WritingRegular essays will test the information discussed at seminars or presented atlectures. These will be set either as an assignment for private study or undertest conditions. Essay topics will be chosen which examine your overallunderstanding as well as their fact retention.Research DissertationThe research dissertation consists of two components: 1. a critical literature review 2. a laboratory or clinically based research project.You will be allocated a supervisor who will oversee both items of work. Theliterature review would normally lead into the research project and would beexpected to comprise 15-25 pages of double spaced type. Occasionally, itmay be desirable not to have the literature review and project related; forexample if the project requires only minimal literature review or if it becomesnecessary at a later stage to change the area of research. The literaturereview is submitted for scrutiny by an internal examiner at the end of the firstacademic year.The research project is written-up as a paper for submission to a researchjournal. The manuscript and literature review are soft bound together and thecompleted dissertation scrutinised by the external examiner and a nominatedinternal examiner (project only)Detailed laboratory research notes must be accurately documentedthroughout the period of study and submitted with the final researchmanuscript.Computer Assisted LearningThis aspect of learning is attracting increasing attention in RestorativeDentistry and you are encouraged to use the programs available.Pre-clinical ExercisesAn operative technique course will be undertaken at the beginning of the yearto familiarise you with "state of the art" techniques and materials. Practicalwork will be carried out in the clinical skills laboratory using a clinicalsimulator, after covering the relevant topics in seminars. The ProgrammeDirector will be available to discuss and criticise the resulting preparations.A partial denture course will run during the second term.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 12
  13. 13. The members of the Prosthodontic Division will give close supervision of bothplanning and treatment for partial denture cases.Some of the procedures, which are difficult to simulate on the clinicalsimulator, will be dealt with during the clinical component of the course.Laboratory Technique Course – Fixed ProsthodonticsOne of the most important aspects of Restorative Dentistry is a workingknowledge of the materials, techniques and procedures used in the dentallaboratory.A dental laboratory course has been arranged under the guidance of a seniortechnical instructor. This will give experience in: die and model construction,waxing, casting and finishing, fixed and moveable bridge connectors andporcelain application. You will construct restorations for tooth preparationsand the resulting "demonstration model" can be retained by you.Laboratory Work for PatientsYou will be expected to undertake some of the laboratory work for patientsunder your care. This will consist of procedures such as: • Mounting diagnostic casts on a semi-adjustable articulator • Trial occlusal adjustments and diagnostic waxing • Indirect temporary restoration construction • Fabrication of working models including copper plating and die trimming • Mounting working models onto the articulator • Programming the articulator (including construction of custom guide table)Instructors or technicians will undertake most of the casting, porcelain andacrylic work, although you will be expected to wax-up the less straightforwardtype of restoration.Diagnosis and TreatmentThe emphasis of the course will be very much on treatment planning.Seminars on this aspect will be given after the clinical simulator course andyou will be expected to attend diagnostic clinics.Patients with treatment needs in excess of those normally encountered atundergraduate level will be allocated following the initial 2-3 months in theclinical skills laboratory. This will be done on a graded basis so that yourconfidence and competence can be developed.All treatment plans will be discussed with the Programme Director who willkeep a record of patients under treatment. Occasionally, it is inevitable thatsome treatments take longer than the duration of the MSc course. Treatmentmust be scheduled suitably to avoid leaving the patient in an unstablecondition. The internal examiners will review a selection of treated cases inJuly of both years. This will include patients with both fixed and removableMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 13
  14. 14. prosthodontics, non-surgical periodontal management and radiographicevidence of having completed satisfactorily, molar endodontics.Log DiaryA log diary that documents the history, examination, diagnosis and treatmentof a patient selected by you will be completed for submission as part of theexamination requirements. You will be expected to produce your own colourphotographs and appropriate records.Undergraduate TeachingOne of the best ways of consolidating knowledge is to teach it to others. Full-time students (and part-time students with sufficient time available) will beencouraged during their second year to become involved in the teaching ofundergraduates. You will be paired with an experienced clinical teacher andseminars on good teaching practice will be available.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 14
  15. 15. Student AssessmentContinuous Assessment • Clinical simulator preparations • Laboratory work • Essays • Patient treatment (each treatment session is assessed and during July of each year the internal examiners review a selection of treated patients).Timed ExaminationA three-hour written examination will consist of four questions (first year, earlyJuly). In addition, there is a two hour short answer paper. The writtenexamination must be passed before the student can enrol for the secondyear. Resits will be scheduled for either late August or early September.Research DissertationThe internal examiners will assess your literature review at the end of the firstyear. It must be handed in to the Degree Programme Director on or before31st July.The bound dissertation consisting of the literature review and research projectmanuscript must be handed in to the examinations office on or before the 1stAugust of the second year. (You should hand in two soft-bound copies andkeep one copy for yourself). The pass list will not be published until theprojects have been corrected, checked by the project supervisor and rebound.Two copies of the laboratory/research records must also be submitted. Thislogbook must have dated entries and give a clear, detailed account of: • Experimental methods and adaptations, • Statistical analysis • Results/outcomes.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 15
  16. 16. VivasThe three vivas will be with the external examiner and selected internalexaminers. The vivas will be scheduled during mid to late September of thesecond year.• Log diary and treatment of a patient selected by you (both diary and patient will be seen at examination). The external examiner may inspect an appropriate item of laboratory work, undertaken by you. In addition, radiographic and case note evidence of molar root treatment and non- surgical periodontal treatment may be inspected• General restorative topics• The research dissertation (literature review, manuscript and research records)RegulationsThe regulations for the degree are included in Appendix 3Assessment CriteriaClinical work will be graded as follows:At the end of each session you will be given a grade for each patient treated.The grades are arrived at in joint consultation between you and your clinicalteacher, bearing in mind the complexity of the task and the level of skill of theaverage student at a particular stage of the course. It should be born in mindthat assessment criteria of postgraduate students will be set at a higher levelthan those for undergraduate students, as a basic level of competency shouldalready have been attained in routine procedures. Furthermore postgraduatestudents will be expected to have not just knowledge of clinical techniques butof relevant science underpinning those procedures. Such knowledge wouldbe expected to increase as the course progresses.At the end of each term, the gradings are collated so that a compositeassessment can be made for each student. Dr Wassell meets with studentswith below average gradings to discuss any problems and their possiblesolutions.The grading structure is given on the following page:MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 16
  17. 17. Grade Clinical Grading Criteria A A high standard of clinical work with minimal assistance from staff although advice may be sought. The ability to compile and follow accurately a treatment plan should be apparent. Efficient use of clinical time. Thorough knowledge of clinical techniques and relevant science. Accurate and legible documentation of case notes. B A good standard of work although improvement (by the student) Is possible. The aim for the session must be achieved although some clinical assistance is permitted. An efficient use of time, good knowledge of techniques, relevant science and accurate case notes should be apparent. C Average standard of work or a good standard but with a significant amount of assistance. The work may have been undertaken slowly with an inefficient use of time. The aim for the session is not necessarily achieved, but clinical advancement should be apparent. A good knowledge of techniques, relevant science and accurate note taking are required. D A poor standard of work. Inefficient use of time or late finishing. Considerable assistance and guidance necessary. Poor treatment planning or a failure to follow a treatment plan. No clinical advancement made. Lack of relevant scientific knowledge E Very poor standard of work which may have to be repeated. Failure to get stages checked or notes signed. Unaware of medical history. Lack of control in clinical operations. Inadequate cross- infection control. Lack of clinical knowledge. Illegible or inaccurate case notes. F Iatrogenic and irreversible damage to the hard or soft tissues. Failure to attend a clinical session without good reason and/or notifying the school office or supervising member of staff. If a student attends in a condition unsuitable to practice dentistry an F grade will also be given. O An O Grade will be given when a student attends a clinical session and no work is carried out for the sole reason that no patients attended, or when absent from a clinic due to illness or prearranged LoA. The reason for an O grade will be noted and any student with frequent non-attendance due to illness will be given pastoral advice and encouraged to make up lost sessions. U A U Grade will be given if the student is considered not to demonstrate suitable professional conduct during their attendance on clinic. This grade will be given in addition to the clinical grade. Aspects of professional conduct considered include: dress, personal hygiene, rapport with the patient, rapport with the members of staff and the demonstration of a professional, working relationship with all auxiliary members of staff (nurses, hygienists, clerk receptionists).MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 17
  18. 18. Written work will be graded according to the following criteria bearing in mindthat MSc students should be familiar with textbooks and relevant originalstudies.Grade CriteriaA An outstanding answer displaying a thorough understanding of the subject, a high degree of relevance, cogency, clarity, and critical thinking. Evidence of reading beyond the core texts and originality of thought. Well written, grammatically correct and well presented.A- A grade of ‘A’ represents the best that can be expected at this stage of the candidate’s career and not a perfect answer.B A well organised, detailed and logically constructed answer showing a thorough understanding of the subject with some evidence of further reading. There should be no significant deficiencies in competence in the subject andB- all major strands of the topic will have been addressed. Style andpresentation of a high standard.C A structured answer showing no deficiency in basic knowledge and understanding. All major, relevant strands of the topic will have been considered but at the lower end of the grade range there will be little, or nosignC- of reading beyond the core texts and some omissions of important, if optional material, will be evident. Style and presentation acceptable.D A structured answer with essential elements correct but possible failure to develop one or more of the major strands inherent in the question. Detailed information and argument lacking. At the lower end of the grade range, aD- tendency to irrelevance and a failure to argue cogently. Style and presentation adequate.E Poorly structured answer with major omissions and decreasing evidence of understanding. Tendency to increasing irrelevance, lack of clarity and littleE- cogent argument. At lower end of range, failure to cover even core texts. Style and presentation inadequate.F Failure to present work.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 18
  19. 19. Student Support andProgressionInductionIn the induction during the first week of term there are formal inductionsessions in the School of Dental Sciences as well as in the Robinson Libraryand Faculty Computing Department. All students are given a copy of theDegree Programme Handbook , and taken through the aims, intendedlearning outcomes, and other key features of the programme.SupportThe Programme Director should be approached first with regard to all aspectsof teaching or clinical matters. The Admin. Assistant, Graduate School Office,may also be of help especially with problems of registration anddocumentation. Thereafter, further reference to personal tutors, othermembers of staff, Head of Department, Dean of Dentistry or Post GraduateSub Dean may be made if necessary.Problems or concerns of a more personal nature can also be discussed withthe Programme Director or with your tutor who will also provide help, guidanceor reassurance in respect of your research project.Should you wish to change your personal tutor this should be discussed withthe Programme Director or Head of Department, as appropriate. Studentsmay be advised to attend or refer themselves to the Student CounsellingService.ProgressionYou are required to make satisfactory progress in the programme of study.Progress will be reviewed at the end of each term through consultations withinthe Curriculum Committee, MSc in Restorative Dentistry. Whilst we recognisethat almost all postgraduate students are highly motivated and conscientiousit is worth emphasising that the following is taken into account whenassessing a students case: • failure to attend examinations or to satisfy the examiners in the examinations prescribed • failure to dress and behave in a professional manner • failure to attend regularly the programme of work • failure to attend appointments with the Programme Director, Head of Department or Dean to discuss progress • failure to perform adequately in work prescribed for the Higher Degree Programme • failure to submit work on time (whether or not that work counts for assessment purposes)MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 19
  20. 20. In addition, progression from clinical simulator exercises to clinical work isdependent on a satisfactory performance in those exercises. You will also berequired to provide valid medical evidence of fitness to practice (Hepatitis B,Hepatitis C and Tuberculosis status).As stated in the previous section, it will be necessary to pass the writtenexamination at the end of the first year and hand-in the literature reviewbefore enrolling for the second year.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 20
  21. 21. Teaching and LearningResourcesMSc dedicated classroom • On the fifth floor in the Prosthodontic Laboratory. This is used for all first year seminars. A dedicated digital projector is available for presentations and patient case reports. The first year students use the room for accommodation but it is also available to second year students.Lecture Theatres • On the ground floor opposite the refectoryClinical Skills Room and Prosthodontic Laboratory • Fifth floor (loan of semi adjustable articulator)Diagnostic Clinics in: • Prosthodontics (3rd floor), Conservation and Periodontology (4th floor)Treatment Clinics: • Conservation (4th floor) and Periodontology (4th floor)Dental Materials Science Laboratory • first floorComputing facilitiesAll computers utilise Windows XP on the University Common Desk Top, whichallows students to store their files on one of the main servers and accessthem from any of the following: • Six shared MSc computers (4 of which are in the MSc classroom on floor 5) with Internet access • Fell PC computer cluster (fifth floor, Catherine Cookson Building) which supplies student support and courses in running various applications e.g. word processing. • School of Dental Sciences cluster on floor 5Medical and Dental Library • (Fifth floor, Catherine Cookson Building) having facilities for computer literature searches and Inter Library LoansMain University Library • (Robinson Library) non medical texts and journals • Where your dissertation (paper and literature review) can be boundMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 21
  22. 22. Quality Assurance andEnhancementStudents are seen individually by the Programme Director on a bi-weeklybasis to discuss progress with the clinical component of the course.A research seminar is held in March of the first year to assess the viability andprogress of a students research project. This is done independent of theassigned project supervisors.The MSc Curriculum Committee meets each term to discuss all aspects of thecourse and to trouble shoot any problems. The Committee comprises theProgramme Director, six of the principal University teachers, three of theprincipal Consultant teachers and an elected student representative fromeach of the two years.The Curriculum Committee receives, and where appropriate acts upon,comments from the external examiner.Students will be invited to evaluate the course by questionnaire. Thequestionnaire is distributed at the end of the course (Appendix 4).MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 22
  23. 23. Benefits of the MScThe MSc provides an excellent foundation for enhanced practice within RestorativeDentistry and the potential to be incorporated as part of specialist training [in the UK theMSc per se does not imply speciality status]. The two-year programme has been upgradedfrom the previous one-year programme to include: • Greater clinical exposure • More teaching in Prosthodontics and Endodontics • More time for research • The opportunity to submit a manuscript to be considered for publication.Student intake is from both home and overseas, providing a broad spectrum ofbackgrounds and interests. Whilst on the course, students benefit from being able todiscuss the clinical and academic assignments in a friendly and supportive environment.On qualifying, our MSc graduates always comment on how hard they have had to work butthe benefits of a more critical approach and enhanced clinical skills make the effortcompletely worthwhile. MSc graduates can be found in many fields of dentistry, includingspecialist practice, general practice, hospital dentistry, academic dentistry and communitydentistry.Those who might wish to benefit from mono-speciality training must have completedGeneral Professional Training and hold MFDS, FDS or equivalent. They would also need toobtain a training number from the Post Graduate Dean. Please note that students enrolledon the MSc course may not subsequently transfer to Monospeciality Training.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 23
  24. 24. AppendicesAPPENDIX 1OUTLINE TIMETABLE: FIRST YEARThe following outline gives some indication of the timing of the various activities during theacademic year which starts in October and finishes during the following September. OCT NOV JAN Restorative seminars Decide on project and start Start patient treatment (conservation, periodontology literature search (1 session per week: and endodontology) and related Treatment planning clinics Conservation, clinical skills/laboratory exercises Periodontology, commence. The seminars will Design pilot study for project Endodontology and continue until May while the Prosthodontics) clinical skills exercises will terminate after 2-3 months. JAN/FEB MAR MAY Consolidate pilot study for Start project experimental Continue seminars, clinical project work. Check viability of and project work project. JUN JUL AUG Revision Written examination Resit of written examination arranged at Hand in literature review end of AugustMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 24
  25. 25. OUTLINE TIMETABLE: SECOND YEAR SEPT OCT NOV Ensure experimental work for Continue patient treatment Teaching seminar project is making good progress (4 sessions) Present background to research projects at School Research Seminars JAN APRIL MAY Start general restorative clinics Write up project (Full-time students 3 sessions Part-time students 2 sessions ) Start clinical teaching of U/G students JULY AUG SEPT Clinical presentation to internal Hand in dissertation, Dissertation viva, clinical examiners experimental log book and viva, general viva case report Project to bindersMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 25
  26. 26. APPENDIX 2LIST OF SEMINARSFIXED PROSTHODONTICS AND CONSERVATIONRubber damAmalgamComposite (anterior and posterior)Glass ionomers and the cermetsAdhesion, microleakageCoresPosts and coresPreparations for castingsImpression techniques, gingival managementAdhesive bridges and splintsPorcelain as a restorative materialPorcelain laminate veneersTemporary crowns and temporary cementationBridge designCementationMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 26
  27. 27. ENDODONTIC SERIESPulp and periapical pathosisIatrogenic pulpal injuryPrinciples of RCT, pulp anatomy and accessIsolation, instrumentation, irrigationNi/Ti rotary endodonticsObturationThermoplastic methods of obturationProcedural errors, evaluation of success, non-surgical retreatment of failuresIntracanal medicaments, the 1 visit / 2 visit dilemmaResorption, perio-endo lesionsGeriatric endodonticsEndodontic surgeryPERIODONTOLOGYBiology of the periodontiumMicrobiology of Periodontal DiseasesHistopathology & Immunology of Periodontal DiseaseMeasurement of Periodontal DiseaseEarly Onset and Refractory PeriodontitisSystemic Diseases and the PeriodontiumDrugs and the PeriodontiumClinical Gingival PathologyDentine HypersensitivityPlaque inhibitory agentsAntimicrobials in the Management of Periodontal DiseasesNon-Surgical ManagementNew Attachment/ReattachmentPeriodontal Surgery (I and II)Bifurcations and TrifurcationMucogingival SurgeryOcclusion and Periodontal DestructionMaintenanceMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 27
  28. 28. REMOVABLE PROSTHODONTICSPartial prosthodonticsTissue and anatomical considerationsPartial prosthesis (appliance design and treatment methods)DENTAL MATERIALS SCIENCEEssays will be set to supplement the aboveStudents are involved in presenting seminars1. The science of dental materials2. The properties of materials I3. The properties of materials II4. Composites - classification5. Posterior composites6. Composite inlays7. Glass ionomers - composition and properties8. Glass ionomers - light activated9. Adhesives I10. Adhesives II11. Glass ionomers - clinical use12. Amalgam - past, present and future13. Impression materials14. Current status of ceramics15. CAD/CAM technology16. Methodology - durability of fillings in-vivo17. Methodology - durability of fillings in-vitro18. Methodology - evaluation of adhesivesLABORATORY COURSEA series of four seminars will be organised by Mr. Ronnie Allen on the relevance of thescientific literature to:Dies and modelsPattern materials and properties Investments and casting Alloys for cast restorationsMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 28
  29. 29. INTERRELATED SUBJECTSMandibular movement and related anatomyCaries and other abnormalities of teethAn overview of oral medicineRadiographyControl of infectionTreatment planningClinical photographyGerodontics (erosion, attrition, abrasion)Root cariesOcclusion courseManagement of traumatised teethTM dysfunction/facial painDiagnosis and management of TMDOcclusal considerations of TMDAestheticsPrecision retainersImplantologyFailuresSedation and resuscitationHazardsThe medically compromised patientPhilosophies of occlusionMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 29
  30. 30. APPENDIX 3 RegulationsDegree of Master of Science in Restorative DentistryCourse Code: 5008Code: 50081. A graduate in Dentistry of this or any other approved University or a candidate with otherqualifications approved by the Dean of Postgraduate Studies may be admitted to thedegree of Master of Science in Restorative Dentistry in the Faculty of Medical Sciences oncomplying with the requirements of these regulations.2. The degree shall be awarded to a student who, having been approved as a candidate bythe Dean of Postgraduate Studies, has completed the prescribed programme of advancedstudy in the University and who has satisfied the examiners in the written, clinical and oralexaminations and has presented a satisfactory dissertation in accordance with theexamination requirements.3. The programme shall extend over two calendar years commencing in October. Theprogramme shall normally be full time within the Faculty. Students may opt to complete partof the programme within general dental practice providing:(a) they are eligible to work in and have part-time employment in a UK dental practice(including the Community Dental Service and Armed Forces) or be a trainee on one of theapproved Restorative or Monospeciality training programmes;(b) they have satisfactorily completed either General Professional Training or VocationalTraining or can provide evidence of similar academic and clinical training;(c) they spend overall not less than 50 per cent of the working week in the Faculty or DentalHospital;(d) it is recognized that at least two of the four patients submitted to the internal examinersin July of the second would normally be treated in practice.4. The programme shall include lectures, seminars, laboratory classes and clinical work.The candidate will be required to undertake an approved project and literature review.Unless the Dean of Postgraduate Studies determines otherwise, the period of studyprescribed above shall be continuous and the examinations shall be conducted inaccordance with the sections below.5. The examination, which must be passed as a whole, shall consist of:(a) written examination;(b) clinical case presentation;(c) clinical oral examination;(d) an assessment of a dissertation submitted by the candidate on an approved subject;(e) an oral examination on the dissertation.Each section of the examination will comprise 20 per cent.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 30
  31. 31. The performance of candidates during the programme of study will be taken into account inthe clinical case presentation if the candidates patient is unable to attend. In suchcircumstances candidates must present the patients log diary and other relevant evidenceof having planned and completed treatment. Candidates must also have shown asatisfactory performance in presenting patients to the internal examiners at the end of yearsone and two. A satisfactory performance requires the submission of at least four patients oneach occasion, a minimum aggregate grade of C and a total of not more than one grade Dor below.Dissertations must be lodged with the School Office not later than 10 August of the secondyear of study.6. Section (a) of the examination shall normally be held during the first year in July withprescribed in-course work assessed over both years. The other examinations (sections (b),(c) and (e)) shall be held during the second year after the assessment of the dissertation(normally September). Candidates on a Monospeciality or Restorative training programmemay, with the permission of the Board of Examiners, delay submission of the dissertation tothe end of their third year providing there is evidence of satisfactory progress assessed bythe completed literature review and experimental log book.7. Before presenting himself/herself for examination the candidate must have attended theprescribed programme of study.8. Enrolment on the second year of study will be dependent on the candidate passing thewritten examination, including prescribed in-course work and having submitted a projectliterature review no later than 31 July of the first year of study.9. A candidate whose written examination does satisfy the examiners but whose projectliterature review does not, will be advised on remedial action to be taken beforeresubmission with the dissertation.10. A candidate whose written examination does not satisfy the examiners will be given theopportunity to resit before enrolling for the second year of study (normally in September).The candidate would in addition have an oral examination attended by the externalexaminer.11. A candidate whose resit paper does not satisfy the examiners or fails to submit theliterature review will be referred to a Progress Committee convened by the Dean ofPostgraduate Studies. The Progress Committee may recommend either:(a) discontinuation of studies;(b) retaking the first year of study, subject to the availability of finances.12. The MSc may be awarded with Merit or Distinction. The MS13. A candidate whosedissertation does not satisfy the examiners but who satisfies the examiners in the otherParts of the examination may be permitted by the Board of Examiners to submit it in arevised form on one occasion only. Such a candidate will be required to submit his or herdissertation in a revised form within six months from a date approved by the Board and mayalso be required to submit him or herself for a further oral examination on the dissertation.14. A candidate who submits a satisfactory dissertation but who fails to satisfy theexaminers in any other Parts of the examination may be permitted by the Board ofExaminers to submit himself or herself for re-examination in those Parts on one furtheroccasion only within six months from a date approved by the Board.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 31
  32. 32. 15. A candidate who has failed in any Parts of the examination may be required by theexaminers to produce evidence of further study as prescribed by the examiners beforepresenting himself or herself for re-examination.16. No candidate may, without the special permission of the Dean of Postgraduate Studies,present himself or herself for examination or re-examination after two years from the dateupon which he/she completes the programme of study for the examination concerned.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 32
  33. 33. APPENDIX 4COURSE QUESTIONNAIREYou are asked to comment on the course under the specific subheadings. A space hasbeen left below each subheading for your response.1. GeneralThree best things about the course?Three worst things?2. Specifica) Patient Treatment? b) Clinical Skills Course? c) Laboratory Course? d) Partial Denture Course? e) Clinical Work? f) Laboratory production work g) Case Selection? h) Work Load? i) Supervision:? j) Log Diary? k) Consultant Clinics?3. Seminars a) Conservation? b) Periodontology? c) Other?4. Dissertation a) Project Selection?MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 33
  34. 34. b) Supervision? c) Help from other departments?5. Supplementary questions a) What could improve the course? b) In what ways do you think the course may help with your future career?MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 34