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  1. 1. Volume 3 National Oral Health Month STAGES OF GUM DISEASE Seton Dental Clinic offeredMarch 15,2006 free oral screenings to the What is Gum Disease? It is an public on Valentines Day to inflammation of the gums that celebrate National Oral Health can progress to affect the bone Month. We were busy with that surrounds and supports your Parent education classes teeth. It is caused by the bacteria about oral health and talked in plague, a sticky, colorless film with several middle schools that constantly forms on your and high schools. Seton High teeth. If not removed through School was given free oral daily brushing and flossing, screenings and toothbrushes. plaque can build up and the Tips on how to take care of bacteria infect not only your your teeth are listed below. : gums and teeth, but eventuallyValentine free oral screening • Get your teeth the gum tissue and bone that cleaned every 6 support the teeth. This can cause months. then to become loose, fall out or • Start the year out with have to be removed by a dentist. a new toothbrush. There are three stages of gum • Floss every day. disease: • Brush twice a day, Gingivitis: This is the • If you have a cold or earliest stage of gum flu, get a new disease, an toothbrush or put it inflammation of the through the gums caused by plaque dishwasher. buildup at the gum • Eat less candy and line. If daily brushing more fruit. and flossing do not remove the plaque, it February is Heart Month produces toxins Seton Dental reminded (poisons) that can everyone to take good care of irritate the gum tissue, their heart and celebrated causing gingivitis. You “Red Dress Day” Infection in may notice some your mouth effects your heart. bleeding during brushing and flossing. At this early stage in gum disease, damage can be reversed, since the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place are not yet affected.(continued)
  2. 2. Stages of Gum Disease (continued) HOW DO YOU KNOW IF YOU HAVE GUM DISEASEPeriodontitis: At this stage, the supporting bone o Gums that are red or swollen, or tenderand fibers that hold your teeth in place are o Gums that bleed during brushing orirreversibly damaged. Your gums may begin to flossing.form a pocket below the gum line, which traps o Teeth that look longer because yourfood and plaque. Proper dental treatment and gums have recededimproved home care can usually help prevent o Gums that have separated, or pulledfurther damage. away from your teeth creating a pocket. o Changes in the way your teeth fit togetherAdvanced Periodontitis: In this stage of gum when you bite.disease the fibers and bone supporting the teeth o Pus coming from between your teeth andare destroyed, which can cause your teeth to gums.shift or loosen. This can affect your bite and, if o Constant bad breath or a bad taste inscaling and planing can not save them they will your mouth.need to be removed. A professional cleaning by your dentist or hygienist is the only way to remove plaque that has built up and hardened into tartar. Your dentist or hygienist will clean or “scale” your teeth to remove the tartar above and below the gum line. Root planing helps to smooth irregularities on the roots of the teeth making it more difficult for plaque to deposit there. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---- IN THE SPOTLIGHT Gingivitis is inflammation of the Kali Riddle is our new dental gum tissue. This happens Hygienist. Kali is at Seton when bacteria increases and Center on Monday, forms a paste-like substance Wednesday and Friday. She called plaque. A collection of plaque and tartar covering the is a valuable asset to our teeth are the beginning stages dental team. Periodontal of periodontal disease. disease is the #1 disease affecting mankind according Early detection and treatment are your best to the 2001 Guinness Book of defense against periodontal World Records. The most disease. Make an common types of adult appointment with Kali to periodontal disease are have your teeth cleaned KALI RIDDLE HYGIENIST
  3. 3. gingivitis and periodontitis. today!Gingivitis causes bleeding and Kali will clean your teeth andreddening of the gums. instruct you on the right way toPeriodontitis damages the floss and brush. She will checkbone and connective tissue your teeth and gums and applythat support the teeth. fluoride and sealants for the children.