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  1. 1. Saving Your Smile
  2. 2. Flossing <ul><li>Important Facts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You floss before you brush. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most cavities begin between the teeth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The bristles of a toothbrush do not reach between the teeth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You must remove plaque between the teeth once a day to keep the gums and teeth healthy. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind approx 18 in around the middle fingers until 5 inched is left to work with. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pinch floss between thumb and index finger and leave about an inch. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gently glide floss between the teeth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean the surface of the tooth by using an up and down motion on both sides of the gum until it is clean. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Flossing <ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the gums are infected then they will bleed, but this is expected if you are a beginner. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The bleeding should go away after a week of regular flossing. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Facts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Floss aid are available if it’s difficult to work with string. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flossing is equally as important as brushing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Floss before you brush. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Flossing Properly
  5. 5. Brushing <ul><li>Brush twice a day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the morning after breakfast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is most important to brush at night before you go to bed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brush for two minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Change your toothbrush every 3 months </li></ul>
  6. 6. Brushing <ul><li>Important Facts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a toothbrush that you prefer, but make sure that it has soft bristles. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a pea sized amount of toothpaste with fluoride. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brush in a circular pattern at a 45 degree angle. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brush each quadrant of the mouth for 30 seconds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brush the tongue and the roof of the mouth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Run your toothbrush under some water to remove all of the bacteria that was just removed from the mouth. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Brushing Properly
  8. 8. What happens when the teeth are not given the proper care? <ul><li>Gingivitis </li></ul><ul><li>Periodontal disease </li></ul><ul><li>Bad breath </li></ul>
  9. 9. Gingivitis <ul><li>Definition-The swelling or discoloration of the gums. </li></ul><ul><li>Most people are unaware that they have it because it is painless in most cases. </li></ul><ul><li>It is very common </li></ul><ul><li>It is the mildest form of gum disease and is reversible. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the beginning stage of periodontal disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Signs of gingivitis: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Redness where the gums and teeth meet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sore or swollen gums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bleeding of the gums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad breath </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Gingivitis
  11. 11. Periodontal Disease <ul><li>Again most people are unaware because it is painless in the early stages. </li></ul><ul><li>Main cause: accumulation of plaque – the sticky film of food and bacteria that forms constantly on your teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Plaque must be removed or it mineralizes to for tartar. </li></ul><ul><li>Once tartar is formed, brushing and flossing cannot remove it and you must seek professional care to have it removed. </li></ul><ul><li>Warning Signs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Persistent bad breath </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soft, swollen, or tender gums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gums that are shrinking away from the teeth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Permanent teeth becoming loose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes in the spaces between the teeth, which reflect changes in the underlying bone </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Periodontal Disease <ul><li>Once bone is lost to periodontal disease, it never comes back. </li></ul><ul><li>If too much bone is lost, the teeth COULD become loose and have to be removed or they just fall out on their own. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Periodontal Disease
  14. 14. Bad Breath <ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong foods such as garlic and onions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dry mouth which results form stress, smoking, and old age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improper and inconsistent dental home care </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ways to Improve </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate the bacteria found on the tongue and gums by brushing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a mouthwash like Listerine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Listerine needs to be swished around in the mouth for 30 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Go as long as you can and build up to 30 sec </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Conclusion <ul><li>Brush your teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Clean between your teeth by flossing </li></ul><ul><li>And schedule regular dental visits for a healthy smile. </li></ul>
  16. 16. THE END