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Licence in Dental Surgery (LDS) Examination RegulationsThe following details the Regulations for the LDS examination. 1. I...
1. Introductiona. Aim of AssessmentThe examination is offered by the Faculty of Dental Surgery to assess the acquisition o...
practise dentistry in that country and that s/he have not been suspended,            disqualified or prohibited from worki...
b) Aspects of clinical dentistry, law and ethics, and health and safety.In order to progress to Part 2, both Part 1 papers...
orientation and must embrace an element of critical thinking. They may apply in differingways to patients of all ages, inc...
Candidates should normally pass Part 1 before sitting Part 2. If candidates enter for bothparts at the same time they will...
accordance with arrangements set out in the appeals procedure and within one month ofthe initial decision.Candidates who w...
14. Feedback to candidatesFeedback will be provided to all unsuccessful candidates with the result letter.    Anysuccessfu...
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Licence in Dental Surgery (LDS) Examination Regulations

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Licence in Dental Surgery (LDS) Examination Regulations

  1. 1. Licence in Dental Surgery (LDS) Examination RegulationsThe following details the Regulations for the LDS examination. 1. Introduction a. Aim of assessment b. Further information 2. Eligibility for the award of the LDS 3. Assessment structure a. Part 1 examination b. Part 2 examination 4. Overview of the syllabus 5. Process for application 6. Examination fees 7. Time restrictions on completing the LDS and number of attempts allowed 8. Infringement of the regulations 9. Plagiarism10. Appeals11. Withdrawals from the examination12. Exemptions13. Appointment of examiners14. Feedback to candidates15. Procedure for applying to the Faculty of Dental Surgery for enrolled membership16. Procedure for registration of the LDS with the General Dental Council UK17. Disability and equal opportunities 1LDS Exam Regs 2010
  2. 2. 1. Introductiona. Aim of AssessmentThe examination is offered by the Faculty of Dental Surgery to assess the acquisition ofcompetencies set out in the Learning Outcomes and Examination Syllabus Documentwhich is the Examination Matrix or Framework (Appendix 1) for the Licence in DentalSurgery.The assessment is not limited to recent graduates.b. Further informationPlease see Information for Candidates2. Eligibility for the award of the LDS2.1 Eligibility for entrance to the examinationTo be eligible to enter each part of the examination all candidates must:a) If registered on a course of study at a UK undergraduate dental school, produceevidence that they have satisfactorily completed a five-year curriculum as described andrecognised by the General Dental Council (GDC) and have passed the dental school’sfinal examinations.b) If in possession of a qualification awarded by an EEA university or licensing body thatis recognised by the GDC for purposes of full registration in the UK, produce evidence ofqualification, certificates of the courses of study attended and examinations passed forsuch a qualification.c) If holding a qualification awarded by an overseas university or licensing body that isNOT recognised by the GDC for purposes of full registration in the UK, produce evidenceof qualification and examinations passed for such a qualification. In addition, they mustprovide certificates showing that they have studied and completed courses in line with thestandards described in the General Dental Council’s (GDC) First Five Years (TFFY) 1 .d) Produce evidence of having had no less than 1600 hours clinical experience wherethey have personally treated patients in the dental chair. The number of hours of thisclinical experience will either be hours spent undertaking appropriate investigations andadministering dental treatment during the dental degree, during post-qualificationexperience, or a combination of the two and must have occurred during the periodimmediately prior to sitting Part 2 of the examination.e) Demonstrate their linguistic competence by means of the International EnglishLanguage Testing System (IELTS) or the Test of English as a Foreign Language(TOEFL). The LDS will be held only in English and insufficient command of English willnot be accepted as an excuse for poor performance in any part of the examination.f) Produce a Certificate or Letter of Good Standing - This is a certificate or letter issued by the dental authority of the country in which the candidate was last working, which states that s/he is legally entitled to1 The First Five Years: A Framework for Undergraduate Dental Education – General Dental Council, SecondEdition (August 2008) 2LDS Exam Regs 2010
  3. 3. practise dentistry in that country and that s/he have not been suspended, disqualified or prohibited from working as a dentist. This document cannot be more than three months old at the time of application. The original certificate or letter must be submitted. - The candidate must also produce a Certificate or Letter of Good Standing from the dental authority in the country in which s/he qualified if this is different to the country in which s/he last worked or is currently working. - If a candidate cannot obtain this document, an affidavit or affirmation witnessed by a solicitor or other legal professional can be submitted in its place. This is only acceptable if it is not possible to obtain a Certificate or Letter of Good Standing. The candidate must be prepared to swear under oath in the affidavit/affirmation that s/he cannot obtain the Certificate or Letter of Good Standing despite having tried to. In the affidavit/affirmation the candidate must state that s/he has the right to practise dentistry in the relevant country and has not been suspended or prohibited from practising as a dentist. Reasons for being unable to obtain a Letter or Certificate of Good Standing must be included. The Royal College of Surgeons of England may also seek confirmation from the relevant authority. - A registration certificate or an annual practising certificate or a reference from a candidate’s university will not be accepted as a Letter or Certificate of Good Standing. The Letter or Certificate of Good Standing must be issued by the registration authority for dentists in that country.f) Produce a current (within 3 months of applying to take the examination) certificate ofcompetence in Basic Life Support (BLS) from a recognised centre in the UK.g) Submit authenticated Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV certificates from an accreditedUK laboratory, which shows a full serological status. No one with evidence of an infectiverisk to patients will be permitted to enter the examination. Candidates will also be required to sign a health declaration, which states: I declare that to the best of my knowledge I am not suffering from, nor am I a carrier of, any infectious disease, blood borne virus or other transmissible disease, which might jeopardise the well-being of patients. I further declare that I have no reason to believe that such infectious or transmissible diseases may be present. In support of this statement, I enclose original Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV certificates, which have been authenticated from an accredited UK Laboratory to show my full serological status.3. Assessment structureThe Content and Format of the ExaminationThe examination is in two parts, the scope of which is outlined in the Learning Outcomesand Examination Syllabus Document. Candidates are permitted a maximum of fourattempts at each part:Part 1This examination will be comprised of two papers, each of up to three hours duration andwill assess the relevant competencies as outlined in the Learning Outcomes andExamination Syllabus Document available on the RCSEng website. The format will beSingle Best Answer (SBA) and Extended Matching (EMQ) questions centred mainly onknowledge and its application to:a) Clinically applied dental science and clinically applied human disease. 3LDS Exam Regs 2010
  4. 4. b) Aspects of clinical dentistry, law and ethics, and health and safety.In order to progress to Part 2, both Part 1 papers will need to be passed at one sitting. Ifeither paper is failed candidates will be required to re-sit all of Part 1.This examination will be held at least twice per year in the UK and/or in designatedoverseas centres.Part 2Candidates must have written confirmation of a pass in Part 1 before they are eligible tosit Part 2.The examination will test knowledge application and clinical skills (including managementof medical emergencies) across the range of major competencies outlined in the LearningOutcomes and Examination Syllabus Document and will employ the following formats:a) An operative test on a dental manikin of up to three hours duration.b) An objective structured clinical examination (OSCE).c) The ‘Unseen Case’ [based on an objective structured long examination (OSLE) model] - an examination designed to test the candidates’ diagnosis, treatment planning and clinical reasoning.This examination will be conducted over one or two days at least twice per year in theUK.Part 2 must be passed within five years of obtaining Part 1.4. Overview of LDS SyllabusThe syllabus (in the form of an examination matrix) outlined below has been devised withreference to competence, knowledge and familiarity in different aspects of dentistry asoutlined in the GDC’s First Five Years (TFFY) 2 as well as to the profile agreed by theAssociation for Dental Education in Europe (ADEE) 3 .A successful LDS candidate will: • Have had a broad academic and dental education and be able to function in all areas of clinical dentistry; • Be trained in biomedical science; • Be able to work together with other dental and health care professionals in the health care system; • Have good communication skills; • Be prepared to undertake continuing professional development supporting the concept of life-long learning; and • Be able to practice evidence-based dentistry based through a problem solving approach, using basic theoretical and practical skills.Below is an outline of the major competencies/learning outcomes, related to the aboveprofile that may be assessed. These represent broad categories of professional activityand concerns that occur in the general practice of dentistry and are interdisciplinary in2 The First Five Years: A Framework for Undergraduate Dental Education – General Dental Council, SecondEdition (August 2008)3 Profile and Competencies for the European Dentist – Association for Dental Education in Europe (2008update) 4LDS Exam Regs 2010
  5. 5. orientation and must embrace an element of critical thinking. They may apply in differingways to patients of all ages, including children, adolescents, adults and the elderly.a) Professionalism i. Professional attitude and behaviour ii. Ethics and jurisprudenceb) Interpersonal, Communication and Social Skills i. Communicationc) Knowledge Base, Information and Information literacy i. Application of basic biological, medical, technical and clinical sciences ii. Acquiring and using informationd) Clinical Information Gathering i. Obtaining and recording a comprehensive history of the patient’s medical, oral and dental statee) Diagnosis and Treatment Planning i. Decision-making, clinical reasoning and judgement ii. Education of patients and management of comprehensive primary care iii. Oral medicine management iv. Periodontal management v. Caries and endodontic management vi. Surgical procedures vii. Pain and anxiety management viii. Restorative/prosthodontic management ix. Orthodontic management x. Emergency treatmentf) Health Promotion i. Improving the oral health of individuals, families and groups in the communityThese major competencies are underpinned by sub-sets of more detailed supportingskills, understanding and professional values. The detail, along with associatedassessment methods are can be found on the RCS web site in Learning Outcomes andExamination Syllabus Document.Candidates will not be assessed on their familiarity with the National Health Service(NHS) or British culture other than the ways in which this might affect how patients aretreated.5. Process for applicationApplication forms, and further essential information published in “Information forCandidates”, are available from the Examinations and Assessment Department of theRCSEng, and can be accessed on the RCSEng web pages atwww.rcseng.ac.uk/exams/lds.a) Examinations will be held at least twice per year on the dates decided by the Faculty Examination Board.b) Applications for either Part 1 or 2 must reach the Examinations and Assessment Department by the closing date specified on the website. Applications received after the closing date will not be processed.c) Applications for admission to the examination must be fully completed, accompanied by any supporting information specified in the application form and the full fee payable. If an application form is found to be incomplete, it will be returned to the applicant and no action taken until it is returned fully completed with the appropriate fee enclosed. 5LDS Exam Regs 2010
  6. 6. Candidates should normally pass Part 1 before sitting Part 2. If candidates enter for bothparts at the same time they will not be awarded Part 2, if they are unsuccessful in Part 1.Compensation between components of the examination is not permissible.When a candidate submits a completed application form and all of the requireddocuments, they will be invited to enter for the LDS. They will be invited automatically toeach part of the examination and will therefore not need to re-apply for each part.If a candidate refuses an invitation to an LDS sitting, their name will be placed at the endof the waiting list.Candidates applying for the LDS are expected to be ready and committed to sit theexamination.6. Examination feesFees for the examination are determined by the Faculty Board and are subject to changefrom time to time.Currently, they are:Part 1 written papers - £475Part 2 clinical sections - £1,6257. Time restrictions on completing the LDS and number of attempts allowedCandidates have five years to complete after taking Part 1. The examination is in twoparts: candidates are permitted a maximum of four attempts at each part.8. Infringement of the regulationsAny candidate who infringes the regulations or who is considered by the examiners to beguilty of behaviour prejudicial to the proper management and conduct of the examinationmay be refused admission to the assessment or to proceed with assessment. A copy ofthe College policy relating to Malpractice may be obtained from theNo electronic equipment, unbound materials, or unauthorised writing instruments areallowed into the examination room. Candidates in breach of this rule will have the itemsconfiscated and will be ejected from the examination and the application fee will beforfeited. Candidates who are ejected from a Part 1 examination will not be allowed totake Part 2.9. PlagiarismCases of suspected plagiarism will be dealt with according to the College policy onMalpractice.10. AppealsAppeals will be dealt with in accordance with the College procedure relating to appeals.Candidates who wish to make representations with regard to their eligibility for theexamination must address them to the Examination and Assessment Office in 6LDS Exam Regs 2010
  7. 7. accordance with arrangements set out in the appeals procedure and within one month ofthe initial decision.Candidates who wish to make representations with regard to the conduct of theirassessment must address them to the Examinations and Assessment Office inaccordance with arrangements set out in the appeals procedure, and not in anycircumstances to the assessors. Representations must be made as specified in theappeals procedure within 28 days of the announcement of the result.11. Withdrawals from the examinationCandidates wishing to withdraw an application for admission to an examination must doso in writing, and will be refunded the fee less a 20% administrative charge provided thatthe withdrawal is received before the closing date of the examination.Candidates who withdraw from the examination after the closing date, or who fail toattend the examination for which the candidate has been accepted, will not normally beentitled to any refund of fee. The transfer of examination fees to future diets will only begranted under exceptional circumstances, such as on medical or compassionate groundsor other similar event beyond the candidate’s control. Request for transfer of fees mustbe accompanied by a supporting letter from the candidate’s general medical practitioner,postgraduate dental dean or a local tutor in order to be considered.Requests for a refund under exceptional circumstances, such as medical orcompassionate grounds or other similar events beyond the candidate’s control, must beaccompanied by a supporting letter from the candidate’s general medical practitioner,postgraduate dental dean or local tutor in order to be considered.Failure to comply with the condition of the regulations, or failure to meet the eligibilityrequirements, will not be sufficient grounds for a refund.Candidates who register for Parts 1 and 2, and then are unable to sit Part 2 whenplanned, because they fail Part 1, will be permitted to withdraw from Part 2 without anydeductions being made from their Part 2 fee. Candidates are permitted FOUR attempts topass Part 1. Success at Part 1 is required before proceeding to Part 2.The Examination and Assessment Office reserve the right to review admission to theexamination on an individual basis in exceptional circumstances.12. ExemptionsCandidates may gain exemption from Part 1 of the LDS if they:a) Possess a primary dental qualification awarded from a university within the UK or othercountry within the EEA.b) Hold a Diploma of Fellowship or Membership of the Joint Dental Faculties (“MJDF”) atthe RCSEng or a Membership of the Faculty of Dental Surgery from the ScottishConsortium (MFDS).13. Appointment of examinersThe appointment of examiners will be carried out in accordance with the College policyon recruitment, selection and training of examiners. 7LDS Exam Regs 2010
  8. 8. 14. Feedback to candidatesFeedback will be provided to all unsuccessful candidates with the result letter. Anysuccessful candidate wishing for feedback will need to request this in writing.15. Procedure for applying to the Faculty of Dental Surgery for enrolledmembershipSuccessful LDS candidates will be eligible for enrolled membership of the Faculty ofDental Surgery. Following each LDS Part 2 diet, an application form for enrolledmembership will be posted to all successful candidates.16. Procedure for registration of the LDS with the General Dental Council UKThe successful candidate’s name will be added to the list sent to the General DentalCouncil UK for registration of the candidate’s LDS.17. Disability and equal opportunitiesRegulations relating to disability and equal opportunities are detailed in the College’spolicy statement. 8LDS Exam Regs 2010

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