Things I Wish I Knew: Introduction to being Pre-Dental at Penn Penn Pre-Dental ASDA October 4, 2007
What is Dentistry? Definition:―Dentistry is defined as the evaluation, diagnosis, prevention and/or treatment (nonsurgical, surgical or related procedures) of diseases, disorders and/or conditions of the oral cavity, maxillofacial area and/or the adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the human body; provided by a dentist, within the scope of his/her education, training and experience, in accordance with the ethics of the profession and applicable law. ― (www.ada.org)
What is Dentistry? http://www.drbaradaranperio.com/media/trea/3DI.gif
What is Dentistry Also involves systemic health! – Individuals with diabetes are at greater risk for periodontal diseases – Correlation between quality of life and healthy smile – A dentist can make a preliminary diagnosis of systemic disease because many systemic diseases and conditions have oral manifestations (ex. bulimia, drug use, cancer) US Department of Health and Human Services. Oral Health in America: A Report of the Surgeon General-- Executive Summary. Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, 2000.
What career options are available to a DDS/DMD? Private Practice (Majority of Graduates) Specialties (ex: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Endodontics, more!; ~20% Graduates) Academic Dentistry/Research Public Health Dentistry
Get Dental Experience! Most important in helping you decide on your career! Important to see a range of general dentists and specialists to get a broad view of the profession Contact your dentist, local dentists, county dental societies to find a dentist to shadow Penn Smiles Van Try to assist if you can! Finally, some schools require shadowing hours or a letter of recommendation from a dentist (eg. Tufts)
Required Undergraduate Courses You can major in whatever you want, but you must complete pre-req’s: – One Year of Biology, Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Physics (all with lab) – One Year of English – One Year of Math (must be at least one semester of Calculus) – Humanities Classes These may be completed in any order, but it is most helpful to have taken the Organic Chemistry lecture before or during your junior year—I’ll explain You may take Orgo Lab (Chem 245) and Physics your senior year, although it is ―safer‖ to finish your prereq’s before senior year—I’ll explain
More on Courses Many Dental schools have additional pre-req’s that are not listed If you decide you want to apply, check with schools as early as possible for specific pre-req’s Biochemistry is becoming an ―unofficial‖ pre-req Business classes now will help you with practice management later—but are not required Study what you’re interested in!!!
The Dental Admissions Test (DAT) Multiple choice, computer based 4 hour 15 mins, plus optional 15 min break Sections: – Survey of the Natural Sciences (SNS) Biology (40 q), General Chemistry (30 q), Organic Chemistry (30 q) – Perceptual Ability Test (PAT) (90 q) – Reading Comprehension (50 q) – Quantative Reasoning (40 q) – Academic Average Each section and sub-section is put on a 1-30 curve Some schools care about some sections more/less than other schools (ex: Penn and the PAT) No penalty for guessing (not like the SAT or MCAT) Only allowed to take 3x (new ADA rule!)
The ―Numbers‖ Question GPA National Mean GPA’s of 2005 Entering Class First Year Enrollees – Overall: 3.49 – Science: 3.41 National Mean DAT Scores of 2005 Entering Class First Year Enrollees – Academic Average: 18.9 – Total Science: 18.4 – PAT: 17.4 (http://www.adea.org/webdocs/AADSAS/DentistryUpdate.pdf)
More on ―Numbers‖ There is about a ½ chance of getting into dental school, nationally (fluctuates with number of applicants per year) However, for individual schools, the number of applicants/seat varies from about 3 to 40 (Penn ~16) www.adea.org
The Application Process 55 US ADA Accredited Schools One ADA Accredited School in Puerto Rico—Hard to get into Each school has its strengths and weaknesses, and each person has individual preferences… (ex: cost of tuition) Do your research! Application Services – American Association of Dental Schools Application Service— AADSAS – Texas Medical & Dental Schools Application Service—TMDSAS – Handful of schools do not use either of these central services
More on Applying Career Services: – Mandatory workshop – ―Health Profession Advisory Board (HPAB) Packet‖ Committee Letter At least 3 letters of recommendation: 2 should be science – Personal Statement Help – Strict guidelines to help you get everything in on time Timing is everything when applying to Dental School! (May 15th)
The Interview Show yourself off! Talk about your extracurriculars and dental experience Show off your people skills You’re interviewing the school as well!
You’re Finally In! First round of acceptances go out Dec. 1, rolling after Basic Dental School Curriculum: – First two years are didactic and not so much clinical – Last two years are mostly clinical – University of the Pacific3 year program National Boards: Part I after 2nd Year and Part II after 3rd Year Residency only required to practice in some states
Any Questions?? Feel free to e-mail the board any additional questions: email@example.com Check the links on the web site: http://dolphin.upenn.edu/~preasda Stay tuned for the Dental Sibling Mixer event and for updates on the Penn Smiles Van!!!