Information Technology for the Health Professions, 2/e

245 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Information Technology for the Health Professions, 2/e

  1. 1. Chapter 6 Information Technology in Dentistry
  2. 2. Education <ul><li>Online education for professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Computer-generated treatment plans for patients </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual reality simulations to help train dentists </li></ul>
  3. 3. Administrative Applications <ul><li>Electronic appointment book, accounting, and record keeping </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic dental charting </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic dental record </li></ul>
  4. 4. Demographics and the transformation of Dentistry <ul><li>Early 20 th century, poor care of teeth led to tooth loss by middle age </li></ul><ul><li>Late 20 th century fluoridated water and better care lead most people to keep their teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Epidemic of decay among poor children </li></ul><ul><li>Aging population leads to new specialties in dentistry </li></ul>
  5. 5. Computerized Instruments in Dentistry <ul><li>Fiber-optic camera </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic periodontal probe </li></ul><ul><li>CAD/CAM to create crowns </li></ul><ul><li>Digital X-ray </li></ul>
  6. 6. Endodontics <ul><li>Diagnoses and treats diseases of the pulp. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of fiber optics to take pictures of the root canal that dentist and patient can see. </li></ul><ul><li>Ultrasonic instruments help in root canal therapy. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Periodontics <ul><li>Diagnoses and treats diseases of the gums and other structures supporting the teeth. </li></ul><ul><li>Periodontal disease is more prevalent in older people. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of electronic probe and electronic charting. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cosmetic Dentistry <ul><li>Attempts to create more attractive smile using </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whitening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bonding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dental implants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital cameras and graphics software to show before and after </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Diagnosis and Expert Systems <ul><li>Collections of evidence-based articles </li></ul><ul><li>Databases of articles such as MEDLINE </li></ul><ul><li>Expert systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EXPERTMD allows the creation of medical and dental expert systems </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Diagnostic Tools <ul><li>Clinical examination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dentist’s examination using a probe </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Diagnostic Tools <ul><li>X-rays used for more than 100 years </li></ul><ul><li>More effective than clinical examination </li></ul><ul><li>May not detect cavities at an early stage </li></ul>
  12. 12. Diagnostic Tools <ul><li>Digital radiography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take less time than traditional X-rays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses 90% less radiation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Image can be immediately seen and shared on a computer monitor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be scanned into a patient’s digital chart </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Diagnostic Tools <ul><li>Electrical Conductance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrical current passed through the tooth and the resistance measured </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accurate in the diagnosis of large cavities, not early lesions </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Emerging Diagnostic Methods <ul><li>Light Illumination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A bright light illuminates tooth; decay looks darker </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fiber-optic Transillumination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Finds early lesions in enamel </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Emerging Methods <ul><li>DIFOTI® </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Takes images of teeth illuminated by lasers. Shows direct correlation between loss of flourescence and cavities. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intra-oral Fiber-optic Camera </li></ul><ul><ul><li>gives dentist and patient a close up view of mouth. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Lasers in Dentistry <ul><li>Lasers deliver light energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Depending on the target, the light travels at different wavelengths. </li></ul><ul><li>Different lasers have different uses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drilling and filling cavities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reshaping gums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal use in root canal therapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whitening teeth in cosmetic dentistry </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Minimally Invasive Dentistry <ul><li>Prevention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antibacterial rinses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluoride </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sealants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthy diet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sugarless gum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Minimal intervention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Air abrasion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lasers </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Computers in Dental Surgery <ul><li>Planning surgery using virtual reality simulations </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery of anesthesia </li></ul><ul><li>Creation and planning of dental implants </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring of vital signs </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Growth of Specialization <ul><li>The percentage of dentists who are specialists is expected to rise from 10% to 30%. </li></ul><ul><li>The aging population may seek cosmetic dentistry. </li></ul><ul><li>The possibility of early diagnosis may result in dentists who specialize is diagnostics. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Teledentistry <ul><li>Link dentists with dental specialists via telecommunications lines. </li></ul><ul><li>Images and records can be e-mailed to the specialist giving patients access to expert advice. </li></ul>

×