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  1. 1. Dangers of Tobacco by Gabe Garza
  2. 2. The mission of the Alcohol & Drug Abuse Council for the Concho Valley is to serve the community through education, prevention, intervention and treatment.
  3. 11. Warnings:
  4. 12. What is the reality?
  5. 14. Tobacco <ul><li>Through the use of tobacco, nicotine is one of the most heavily used addictive drugs and the leading preventable cause of disease, disability, and death in the U.S. </li></ul>
  6. 16. Effects: <ul><li>Nicotine is highly addictive. The tar in cigarettes increases a smoker's risk of lung cancer, emphysema, and bronchial disorders. </li></ul><ul><li>The carbon monoxide in smoke increases the chance of cardiovascular diseases. </li></ul>
  7. 17. Effects <ul><li>Pregnant smokers have a higher risk of miscarriage or low birth weight babies. </li></ul><ul><li>Secondhand smoke causes lung cancer in adults and greatly increases the risk of respiratory illnesses in children. </li></ul>
  8. 18. Statistics and Trends: <ul><li>In 2008, nearly 71 million Americans age 12 and older had used a tobacco product at least once in the month prior to being surveyed. </li></ul>
  9. 19. Statistics and Trends <ul><li>The NIDA-funded 2008 Monitoring the Future Study showed that 6.8% of 8th graders, 12.3% of 10th graders, and 20.4% of 12th graders had used cigarettes and 3.5% of 8th graders, 5.0% of 10th graders, and 6.5% of 12th graders had used smokeless tobacco at least once in the month prior to being surveyed. </li></ul>
  10. 20. Secondhand Smoke <ul><li>Where does all this smoke go? </li></ul><ul><li>Hair </li></ul><ul><li>Clothes </li></ul><ul><li>Walls </li></ul><ul><li>Furniture </li></ul><ul><li>Carpet </li></ul><ul><li>Other people’s Lungs </li></ul>
  11. 21. Death by Tobacco <ul><li>Cigarette smoking accounts for 90% of lung cancer cases in the U.S., and about 38,000 deaths per year can be attributed to secondhand smoke. </li></ul>
  12. 22. Statistics and Trends: <ul><li>College students who smoke are more likely to participate in the risky behaviors that pose some of the greatest health threats to18-24 year olds. </li></ul>
  13. 23. Statistics and Trends <ul><li>The Harvard College Alcohol Study determined that student tobacco users are 4.62 times more likely to smoke marijuana and 3.6 times more likely to engage in high-risk drinking than are nonsmokers (Rigotti, 2000). Smokers are more likely to use illicit drugs than high-risk drinkers (Halperin and Eytan). </li></ul>
  14. 24. Fact: <ul><li>Nicotine increases heart rate and blood pressure and restricts blood flow to the heart muscle. </li></ul><ul><li>Besides nicotine, cigarette smoke contains more than 4,000 substances, many of which may cause cancer or damage the lungs. </li></ul>
  15. 25. Fact: <ul><li>Cigarette smoking is associated with coronary heart disease, stroke, ulcers, and an increased incidence of respiratory infections. </li></ul>
  16. 28. A Texas Favorite… Smokeless Tobacco
  17. 29. Spit Tobacco is sold in three forms
  18. 30. Chewing Tobacco <ul><li>CHEW: a leafy form. Users keep the chew between the cheek and gums for several hours at a time. </li></ul>
  19. 31. Snuff <ul><li>SNUFF: a powdered, moist form of tobacco sold in tins. Users put the snuff between the lower lip or cheek and the gum. As well, some users will sniff it. Using snuff is also called “dipping.” </li></ul>
  20. 32. Plug: <ul><li>PLUG: chew tobacco that has been pressed into a brick. </li></ul>
  21. 33. What is in Smokeless Tobacco? <ul><li>Spit tobacco is made from a mixture of tobacco, nicotine, sweeteners, abrasives, salts and chemicals. </li></ul><ul><li>It contains over 3,000 chemicals including about 28 known carcinogens. </li></ul>
  22. 34. Affects of Smokeless Tobacco <ul><li>Like smoking tobacco, spit tobacco affects the cardiovascular system and may be associated with heart disease, stroke and high blood pressure. Long-term effects include leukoplakia, tooth abrasion, gum recession, gum and tooth disease, loss of bone in the jaw, yellowing of teeth and chronic bad breath. </li></ul>
  23. 35. Cancer of the Tongue
  24. 36. Cancer of the Gums
  25. 37. Cigarettes vs. Smokeless Tobacco A person who uses eight to 10 dips or chews a day receives the same amount of nicotine as a heavy smoker who smokes 30 to 40 cigarettes a day.
  26. 38. There is nothing beneficial about tobacco
  27. 39. Fact: <ul><li>Of the 15 million college students in the United States today, it is estimated that 1.7 million will die of smoking-related illnesses, most prematurely (Halperin, 2002). That amounts to over 10.0% of current college students. </li></ul>
  28. 40. Make the right choice!
  29. 41. Need Help? <ul><li>Call </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol & Drug Abuse Council </li></ul><ul><li>For the Concho Valley </li></ul><ul><li>325-224-3481 or </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis Hotline: 1-800-880-9641 </li></ul>