Chapter 24 PP.ppt

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Chapter 24 PP.ppt

  1. 1. Chapter 24 Tobacco Lesson 1 Tobacco Use - A High Risk Behavior p. 528
  2. 2. Health Terms <ul><li>Addiction </li></ul><ul><li>Nicotine </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulant </li></ul><ul><li>Tar </li></ul><ul><li>Carcinogens </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon monoxide </li></ul><ul><li>Smokeless tobacco </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why Young People Start Smoking <ul><li>1/5 American teens smoke </li></ul><ul><li>Every day in the US 6,000 teens light up for the first time </li></ul><ul><li>3,000 become regular smokers </li></ul><ul><li>9/10 adult smokers began as teens </li></ul><ul><li>Of those who began smoking as teens, 1/3 will die from smoke related causes </li></ul><ul><li>2.6 million packs of cigarettes are sold illegally to minors </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why Young People Start Smoking cont’d <ul><li>Many feel insecure in social situations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smoking will take away that feeling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smoking will make them seems older & more sophisticated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Peer pressure </li></ul><ul><li>They think the bad effects of smoking can only occur after years of smoking </li></ul><ul><li>They believe they can drop the habit anytime </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is in Cigarettes? <ul><li>The most popular form of tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>At least 43 chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer causing chemicals - Carcinogens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cyanide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formaldehyde </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arsenic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nicotine - a stimulant </li></ul><ul><li>Tar </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Monoxide </li></ul>
  6. 6. Smokeless Tobacco <ul><li>Sniffed </li></ul><ul><li>Chewed </li></ul><ul><li>Over 12 million American users </li></ul><ul><li>Starting between ages 13 & 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Many believe smokeless is safer than smoking…NOT TRUE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smokeless carries the same chemicals </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Smokeless Tobacco <ul><li>Health Risks of Smokeless Tobacco: </li></ul><ul><li>Mouth sores that can turn to cancer of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mouth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Throat </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Damage to teeth and gums </li></ul><ul><li>Damage to digestive system </li></ul>
  8. 8. Other Forms of Tobacco <ul><li>Pipes </li></ul><ul><li>Cigars </li></ul><ul><li>More tar and harmful chemicals are generated </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Greater chance of lip, mouth and throat cancer </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Benefits of Being a Nonsmoker <ul><li>Better able to taste food </li></ul><ul><li>Better endurance and energy </li></ul><ul><li>$$$ for other things </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced risk of cancer, heart disease, & other life threatening diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling better about yourself </li></ul>
  10. 10. Chapter 24 Tobacco Lesson 2 What Tobacco Does to the Body p. 533
  11. 11. Motivator <ul><li>List all of the possible </li></ul><ul><li>consequences of tobacco use </li></ul><ul><li>that you can recall. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Health Terms <ul><li>Leukoplakia </li></ul><ul><li>Passive smoke </li></ul><ul><li>Mainstream smoke </li></ul><ul><li>Sidestream smoke </li></ul>
  13. 13. Why does a tobacco user want more?
  14. 14. Why does a tobacco user want more? <ul><li>The constriction of the blood vessels causes a mild high. When the vessels return to normal, there is a sensation of restlessness & irritation. The tobacco user does not like the discomfort & will repeat the behavior that produced pleasure. This causes a cycle of use that becomes habitual. The frequent use builds up an addiction to nicotine. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Effects of Smoking on the Smoker <ul><li>Short-term effects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What happens immediately when smoking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Long-term effects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What happens when smoking continues </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Long-Term Effects of Smoking <ul><li>Diseases of the Respiratory System </li></ul><ul><li>Or </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic Bronchitis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bronchi are irritated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cilia become useless </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excess mucus secretion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emphysema </li></ul>
  17. 17. Long-Term Effects of Smoking cont’d <ul><li>COPD cont’d </li></ul><ul><li>Emphysema </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Destruction of the air sacs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Part of the lung where oxygen and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>carbon dioxide are exchanged </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Person uses about 80% of energy to breath compared to 5% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lung Cancer </li></ul>
  18. 18. Long-Term Effects of Smoking cont’d <ul><li>COPD cont’d </li></ul><ul><li>Lung Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Cilia are destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>Mucus cannot be expelled </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both of those create idea living conditions for cancer cell to grow </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leading cause of cancer deaths among males </li></ul><ul><li>Becoming more significant in women </li></ul>
  19. 19. Long-Term Effects of Smoking cont’d <ul><li>Diseases of the Circulatory System </li></ul><ul><li>Nicotine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes the heart pump faster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contributes to plaque (fatty deposit)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>build-up </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constricts the blood vessels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raises blood pressure </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Long-Term Effects of Smoking cont’d <ul><li>Diseases of the Circulatory System cont’d </li></ul><ul><li>If all Americans stopped smoking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart disease deaths would be cut by almost 1/3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saving over 30,000 lives a year </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>What is the reason a person with heart disease is told to avoid smoking? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does the heart need to work harder in a smoker than a non smoker? </li></ul><ul><li>What happens to the heart when it has to work overtime? </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Dangers of Smokeless Tobacco <ul><li>Nicotine is just as harmful as smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Tar & chemicals go to the digestive & urinary systems </li></ul><ul><li>Leukoplakia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May develop into cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>50% survive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Greater tooth wear </li></ul><ul><li>Bad breath </li></ul><ul><li>Discolored teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Receding gums </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exposed roots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More decay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tooth loss </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Smoking During and After Pregnancy <ul><li>6,200 childhood deaths occur yearly due to parents smoking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2,800 from low birth weight due to pregnancy smoking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1,100 due to respiratory infections </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Smoking During and After Pregnancy cont’d <ul><li>Smoking During Pregnancy is Associated with: </li></ul><ul><li>Small fetal growth </li></ul><ul><li>Increased chance of spontaneous abortion, prenatal death, & still births </li></ul><ul><li>Growth and developmental problems </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual & behavioral characteristics problems </li></ul><ul><li>Children of smokers have more than double the chances of lung cancer than those of nonsmokers. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Smoking During and After Pregnancy cont’d <ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><li>Nicotine pass through the placenta to the fetus </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon monoxide decreases oxygen concentration in the blood </li></ul><ul><li>All harmful substances can be passed to the infant while breast-feeding </li></ul>
  26. 26. Smoking vs Smokeless <ul><li>Using smokeless tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>is less dangerous </li></ul><ul><li>than smoking </li></ul>
  27. 27. Rights of the Nonsmoker <ul><li>You have the right to ask a smoker to not smoke near you or in the presents of you. They can move to a designated smoking area. </li></ul><ul><li>You have then right to go to a smoke-free seating area or establishment. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Chapter 24 Tobacco Lesson 3 Choosing to be Tobacco Free p. 539
  29. 29. Health Terms <ul><li>Nicotine withdrawal </li></ul><ul><li>Nicotine substitutes </li></ul>
  30. 30. Strategies for Quitting <ul><li>Filters - a series of filters are added to the smoking tobacco to gradually decrease the amount of nicotine and tar consumed </li></ul><ul><li>Nicotine substitute – administer the chemicals in a decreasing manner </li></ul><ul><ul><li>gum (OTC)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>patch (prescription) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nasal spray </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Benefits of Quitting <ul><li>Improved cardiovascular endurance </li></ul><ul><li>Easier breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased chance of heart disease and stroke </li></ul><ul><li>A sense of freedom and renewed vigor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No concern of where to light up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No glances from nonsmokers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Saved $$$ or money spent on other things </li></ul>
  32. 32. Tips for Quitting <ul><li>Ask yourself & write answers on paper : </li></ul><ul><li>How much do you smoke? </li></ul><ul><li>When do you smoke? </li></ul><ul><li>Where do you smoke? </li></ul><ul><li>What triggers the desire to smoke? </li></ul><ul><li>Who much does smoking cost? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the health concerns? </li></ul><ul><li>Who am I affecting (family, friends, etc)? </li></ul>
  33. 33. Tips for Quitting cont’d <ul><li>Set and Write Goals : </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you want to quit? </li></ul><ul><li>Post goals around the house </li></ul><ul><li>Re-read goals when the urge to smoke arises </li></ul><ul><li>Develop stress management techniques </li></ul>
  34. 34. Tips for Quitting cont’d <ul><li>Stress Management </li></ul><ul><li>Set a specific date and stick to it. </li></ul><ul><li>Set short term goals to reinforce the long term goal of QUITTING </li></ul><ul><li>Decide which approach(es) will be used </li></ul><ul><li>Get your environment ready for a smoke-free life </li></ul><ul><li>Set up a support system </li></ul>
  35. 35. Toward a Smoke-Free Society <ul><li>Sales of tobacco products are more strictly enforced </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobacco license are revoked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vending machines are moved to better supervised areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>City laws restricting smoking in public places </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Restaurants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civic buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business offices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lobbies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Airlines prohibit smoking on planes </li></ul><ul><li>Hotels designate smoking and non-smoking floors </li></ul><ul><li>Laws are in proposal to ban smoking in all public places </li></ul><ul><li>Business ban smoking at meetings and workplaces </li></ul><ul><li>Hosts at parties ask guests to smoke outside </li></ul>

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