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Cataract Surgery Information and Treatment Options


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Cataract Surgery Information and Treatment Options

  1. 1. Cataract Surgery <ul><li>Information and Treatment Options </li></ul>Michigan Medical, P.C. Ophthalmology Dr. Marko Habekovic
  2. 2. The healthy eye <ul><li>Light rays enter the eye through the cornea, pupil and lens. </li></ul><ul><li>These light rays are focused directly onto the retina , the light-sensitive tissue lining the back of the eye. </li></ul><ul><li>The retina converts light rays into impulses; sent through the optic nerve to your brain, where they are recognized as images. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is a cataract? <ul><li>Clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye. </li></ul>Healthy lens Lens with a cataract <ul><li>Can be compared to a window that is frosted or yellowed. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is a cataract? <ul><li>A clear lens refracts light onto the retina and fine-tunes our focusing ability. </li></ul><ul><li>A cloudy lens prevents light from focusing sharply on the retina. </li></ul>
  5. 5. A cataract is not: <ul><li>A film over the eye. </li></ul><ul><li>Caused by overusing the eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>Spread from one eye to the other. </li></ul><ul><li>A cause of irreversible blindness. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Symptoms of cataracts <ul><li>Painless blurring of vision. </li></ul><ul><li>Glare or light sensitivity. </li></ul><ul><li>Poor night vision and/or difficulty driving at night. </li></ul><ul><li>Double vision in one eye. </li></ul><ul><li>Needing brighter light to read. </li></ul><ul><li>Fading or yellowing of colors. </li></ul>Yellowing of colors
  7. 7. What causes cataracts? <ul><li>Aging of the eye (most common). </li></ul><ul><li>Family history. </li></ul><ul><li>Medical problems, such as diabetes. </li></ul><ul><li>Injury to the eye. </li></ul><ul><li>Medications, especially steroids. </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term, unprotected exposure to sunlight. </li></ul><ul><li>Previous eye surgery. </li></ul>
  8. 8. How quickly does a cataract develop? <ul><li>Most age-related cataracts progress gradually over a period of years. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-age-related cataracts, especially in younger people and people with diabetes, may progress rapidly over a short time. </li></ul><ul><li>Cataract development varies among individuals, and may even be different between the two eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>Protection from excessive sunlight may help slow the progression of cataracts (UV-protective sunglasses or regular eyeglasses). </li></ul>
  9. 9. How is a cataract treated? <ul><li>Surgery is only way to remove cataracts. </li></ul><ul><li>If symptoms of cataract are not affecting your normal activities, surgery may not be needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes a simple change in your eyeglass prescription can help delay the need for surgery. </li></ul>
  10. 10. When should cataract surgery be performed? <ul><li>When cataracts cause enough vision loss to interfere with your daily activities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Performing your job </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Driving safely </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading and watching TV in comfort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taking medication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You and your ophthalmologist (Eye M.D.) should decide together when surgery is appropriate. </li></ul>
  11. 11. How is cataract surgery performed? <ul><li>Outpatient procedure (usually). </li></ul><ul><li>Local or topical anesthesia. </li></ul>
  12. 12. How is cataract surgery performed? <ul><li>A small incision is made close to the edge of the cornea. </li></ul><ul><li>A tiny, high-frequency ultrasound instrument is inserted that breaks up center of the lens. </li></ul><ul><li>Broken-up cloudy lens material is removed through the incision. </li></ul>
  13. 13. How is cataract surgery performed? <ul><li>Intraocular lens (IOL) implant is inserted into your eye to replace the cloudy lens. </li></ul><ul><li>IOL is customized for your eye; restores focusing power. </li></ul>
  14. 14. How is cataract surgery performed? <ul><li>IOL usually placed behind the iris (posterior chamber lens). </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes placed in front of iris (anterior chamber lens). </li></ul>IOL in eye
  15. 15. What can I expect from cataract surgery? <ul><li>Most cataract surgical procedures are performed without complications and result in immediate improvement in vision. </li></ul><ul><li>You will apply eye drops for several weeks following surgery to reduce the possibility of infection and/or inflammation in the eye. </li></ul><ul><li>You may need an eyeglass prescription to obtain your clearest vision following surgery. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Posterior capsulotomy <ul><li>In a small number of cases, the natural capsule supporting IOL can become cloudy after cataract surgery. </li></ul><ul><li>Posterior Capsulotomy: laser surgery to open cloudy capsule and restore clear vision. </li></ul>Posterior Capsulotomy
  17. 17. Cataract surgery to restore clear vision <ul><li>More than 1.4 million people in the U.S. have cataract surgery each year. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 95% of cataract surgeries are performed with no complications and improved vision. </li></ul><ul><li>You and your ophthalmologist should decide together when cataract surgery is appropriate for you. </li></ul>