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Basic Terms Used in Charting


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Basic Terms Used in Charting

  1. 1. Basic Terms Used in Charting
  2. 2. <ul><li>Restoration – an agent that is effective in replacing the missing tooth structure. Patients may refer to them as fillings. A number of different materials are used in dental restorations, including gold, amalgam, and composite. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Overhang – excessive restorative material normally found interproximally near the gingiva. </li></ul><ul><li>Gold foil – a restoration created when several layers of pure gold are placed in the preparation. A gold foil is not a commonly placed restoration today. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Caries (decay) – diseased portion of the tooth. Also referred to as cavities. </li></ul><ul><li>Incipient – beginning decay that has not broken through the enamel. Appears as a chalky area on the tooth, it is not yet decay, but the surface has begun to decalcify. </li></ul><ul><li>Recurrent – decay that is occurring in the same place again, either under or around a restoration. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Extraction – removal of a tooth or teeth. </li></ul><ul><li>Drifting – movement of a tooth into a space created by a missing tooth. Drifting can occur opposite or adjacent to the missing tooth. </li></ul><ul><li>Impaction – a tooth that is unable to erupt into its proper position. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Abscess – a localized area of infection. </li></ul><ul><li>Root canal (endodontic treatment) – when the pulp is removed and replaced with a filling material. </li></ul><ul><li>Apicoectomy – surgical removal of the root tip and cleaning out the infected area around it. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Mobility – When the tooth moves in the socket, normally due to periodontal disease or trauma. </li></ul><ul><li>Periodontal pocket - the space in the gingival sulcus created by periodontal disease. It is measured by a periodontal probe in millimeters. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Crown – a restoration that is cemented onto the tooth and completely covers the crown of the tooth. Often called a cap by the patient but not by the dental professional. </li></ul><ul><li>Bridge – a prosthetic device placed in the mouth where a tooth is missing, normally attached on each side and covering the space created by the missing tooth. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Abutment – a tooth, root, or implant used for the retention of a fixed or removable prosthesis. </li></ul><ul><li>Pontic – portion of a bridge that replaces the missing tooth. </li></ul><ul><li>Cantilever bridge – attached on one side only. </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland bridge – has wings that attach the pontic to the lingual surface of the abutment teeth. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Denture – removable prosthesis that replaces the complete arch of a patient’s dentition. </li></ul><ul><li>Partial denture – removable prosthesis that is constructed when some of the natural teeth are still present. Artificial teeth mounted on a metal framework. </li></ul>