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Annie Owen Armed Forces Smoking Cessation Co-ordinator


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Annie Owen Armed Forces Smoking Cessation Co-ordinator

  1. 1. SMOKING CESSATION IN THE ARMED FORCES Annie Owen Armed Forces Smoking Cessation Co-ordinator
  2. 2. <ul><li>By the end of this presentation you will have some knowledge of: </li></ul><ul><li>What is in a cigarette </li></ul><ul><li>The risks to your health </li></ul><ul><li>The implications on military effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>How much smoking costs </li></ul>Reasons not to smoke
  3. 3. Some Facts <ul><li>Smoking is the greatest cause of disability, preventable illness and early death in UK. </li></ul><ul><li>50% of regular smokers will be killed by their habit. </li></ul><ul><li>Half of these will die in middle age – losing about 10 years of life. </li></ul><ul><li>In UK smoking kills approximately 114,000 people per year (that is roughly 13 people every hour). </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Tobacco contains around 4000 chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>40 of theses are known to cause cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>A few examples are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TAR : A mixture of over 1000 chemicals including arsenic and cyanide. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FORMALDEHYDE : highly poisonous, commonly used to preserve dead bodies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AMMONIA : Found in dry cleaning fluids. </li></ul></ul>What’s in a Cigarette
  5. 5. <ul><ul><li>CARBON MONOXIDE : exceedingly toxic, found in car fumes, reduces your blood capacity to carry oxygen by 15%. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NICOTINE : the addictive agent in cigarettes, BUT it is the other 4000 chemicals that kill. </li></ul></ul>What’s in a cigarette (2)
  6. 6. Health Risks <ul><li>Some examples: </li></ul>Stroke Depression Hearing loss Mouth cancer, tooth & gum disease Eye disease Neck pain Cancer of gullet Heart disease Back pain Osteoporosis (females ) Impotence, infertility (males) Reduced fertility, miscarriage (females)+ low birth weight babies, still birth, cot death Lung disease: cancer, bronchitis, emphysema etc Stomach ulcers / cancer Ulcers and cancer of the gut Tendon injuries Disease of the blood vessels
  7. 7. More Health Risks <ul><li>Thickening of blood vessels = high blood pressure and stroke. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased risk of angina and heart attack. </li></ul><ul><li>Oral health: bad breath (“like kissing an ash tray”), tooth loss, gum disease and cancer of the mouth. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Male Smokers <ul><li>Smoking is the major cause of impotence and low quality and quantity of sperm. </li></ul><ul><li>120,000 men in UK are impotent as a direct result of their smoking. </li></ul><ul><li>“ What Viagra may give, tobacco taketh away” </li></ul><ul><li>Quitting can help – “If men won’t stop smoking to save their lungs, hearts and lives, maybe they will to save their sex lives. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Women Smokers <ul><li>If using the contraceptive pill, have higher risk of heart attack or stroke. </li></ul><ul><li>Osteoporosis (thinning of the bones) more common in smokers. </li></ul><ul><li>Twice as likely to develop cervical cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>Can take longer to conceive, more likely to have miscarriage, premature labour, still birth. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Appearance <ul><li>Smoking affects blood vessels in the skin. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Damages facial colour (complexion looks grey). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrinkles develop earlier than non-smokers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smokers often look 10-15 years older than their age. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tar stains fingers and teeth. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Passive Smoking <ul><li>Side-stream smoke from cigarettes is not filtered and contains higher concentrations of harmful substances – therefore more harmful to non-smokers. </li></ul><ul><li>Passive smoking causes several hundred deaths from heart disease and lung cancer every year. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Fitness and Injury <ul><li>On average, smokers are 1 minute slower on a 2 mile run than non-smokers. </li></ul><ul><li>Injury rates are higher amongst soldiers who smoke. </li></ul><ul><li>Smokers are twice as likely to develop wound complications if injured and take longer to recover after surgery. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Military Effectiveness <ul><li>Difficulty maintaining fitness and strength </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced endurance capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Increased risk of injury (early fatigue) </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced night vision </li></ul><ul><li>Operational hazard ( a smoker will not only reveal his own position – but also endanger those around him). </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Costs of Smoking <ul><li>Smoking 20 cigarettes a day will cost £1600 - £1800 per year. An average smoker will also spend £660 per year on other products: </li></ul><ul><li>Cough/throat sweets, mouthwash, mints </li></ul><ul><li>Extra skin moisturisers (for dry/aged skin) </li></ul><ul><li>Deodorants/perfumes (to disguise the smell of tobacco smoke) </li></ul><ul><li>More hair products for dry/brittle hair </li></ul><ul><li>Dry cleaning bills, air fresheners, home cleaning products, etc etc …. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Money Up In Smoke <ul><li>Increased life insurance premiums </li></ul><ul><li>Viagra! </li></ul><ul><li>Disposable lighters </li></ul><ul><li>Total annual cost of smoking is about £2500 !!!!!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Enough to pay for: a round the world trip, a designer wardrobe or top season football tickets for you and your mates. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Do You Want to Stop Smoking? <ul><li>The healthiest, safest, most economical thing is Not To Smoke . </li></ul><ul><li>If you do not smoke Do Not Be Tempted To Start. </li></ul><ul><li>If you are a smoker and want to quit – most military establishments now have fully trained advisers to help you. </li></ul><ul><li>Contact your medical or dental centre for further advice . </li></ul>Fact : Smoking Kills
  17. 17. Got You Thinking? <ul><li>Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking will cause a reduced quality of life and life expectancy </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking is very expensive </li></ul><ul><li>If you want to quit – help is available. </li></ul>Contact your medical or dental centre for further advice
  18. 18. Finally, one other hazard…. <ul><li>“ I must stop smoking and remember to wear my pyjamas in bed” </li></ul>