An adult learner is described, according
autonomous individual (Selman, 2001)
capable of identifying his own learning
need ands planning, carrying out, and
assessing his own learning activities
(Nowless, 1970) describes adult learner:
As being self-directed, as a receiver of
experiences and turning them into a
resource for learning, as being motivated to
learn in response to the tasks of his/her
We define autonomy as:
An internal quality of the individual.
A matter of degree.
A quality which can develop, and be
We also recognize autonomy trough
what people think or do in the real world
(context). It does not have to be
necessarily individualistic and it is
different from isolation.
The formal definition of learning
describes the process as “a relatively
permanent change in behavior based
experience with its environment”
Moves from dependency to selfdirectedness.
Accumulates experiences that become
resources for learning.
Is motivated to learn with real life tasks or
Increases competences to achieve
his/her full potential.
Prefers to participate in perfomancecentred learning activities.
Learner becomes more critical and
Learner gains much more from education.
Learner becomes a more successful
Learner is able to manage his/her time
according to the needs.
The more autonomous your learning is, the
more you take control of your own learning.
Dealing with lack of time.
Sometimes learner does not feel
confident about his/her own learning.
Sometimes the learner does not know
how to start his/her own learning
because of the need of some guide
Learner becomes responsible for not
doing his/her work.
Mackeracher, D. (2004). Assumtions
about adult learning. En Making sense of
adult learning (p.p. 24-26). Toronto,
Canada: University of Toronto.
McNair, S. (1996). Learner autonomy in a
changing world. En Boundaries of adult
learning (p.p. 237-238). New York: