Industry OverviewThe Television & Film Industry is a large sector of the media thatgenerates Billions of capital worldwide.The Film Industry ALONE in 2011 had a global theatrical marketof 32.6 billion dollars and the UK Film Worldwide gross was 5.6Billion Dollars, taking a 17.2 % share of the overall box office forthat year.Within the Film & Television sectors, there are thousands ofdifferent job roles, more than you might initially think…
Job Roles within the IndustryThe are literally thousands of Job roles within the TV & Filmindustry, each job role falls into a specific category. Production & Management Creative TechnicalThese 3 categories cover all the job roles that are part of the TV& Film industry
Production / Management JobRolesThis job category is full of job roles of people who are generallyin charge, control and organise a wide range of different dutiesand have many responsibilities to ensure that theFilm/Television program/show is filmed, budgeted and plannedcorrectly.Job Roles include: Producer Location Producer Researcher Head of Finance/Audience/etc Production Manager
Production ManagerReporting to the films producer, this person supervises the budget,hires the crew, approves purchase orders & time cards, and generallymakes sure all departments are doing their respective jobs within theparameters of the budget.They assist Producers to Interpret and realise the Directors vision, bothfinancially and logistically. Production Managers may be employed byproduction companies, Television broadcasters, or work on a Freelancebasis.Production Managers prepare production schedules or scriptbreakdowns to confirm that sufficient time has been allocated for all theaspects of the production process and to verify the Producers budgetsand schedules, as well as how many and which actors, what locationsand each crew and equipment is needed on each day.
Creative Job RolesCreative Job Roles fall into the category of a job that is basedaround thinking; this generally includes jobs that create andmake things. Basically any role that allows you to have thecreative or artistic vision or input to the overall product.Job Roles include: Screen writer Director Art Director Set designer Editor
DirectorA film directors main responsibilities are to be the creative co-ordinator of the actors and the film crew. As a Director, theycontrol visional aspects of the artistic style and guide thetechnical crew as well as all the actors.A Director creates a vision for how they think the film shouldlook and what is best and then make that vision come tolife. They also direct what tone it should have, the overall feeland what an audience should gain from the cinematicexperience.
Technical Job RolesTechnical Job Roles revolve around the use of equipment onand off of set during the production and post production of theFilm or TV production Camera Operator Gaffer Lighting assistant ADR recordist Broadcast engineer Editor
EditorThe Main role of an editor is to ensure that a film flows from thebeginning to the end. The Editor will have to edit each shotcarefully so that when all shots are edited they fit into a series ofscenes that the audience will enjoy watching.Editors are employed on a freelance basis by producers. Theyare required to work long hours under great pressure. Editorswork closely with the director before shooting begins in order todecide how screenplay can be maximised. Once all sceneshave been edited, a directors cut will be created. This will thenbe shown to the producer who will share their opinions on thecut. Once the changes have been made to the directors cut, thefinal cut will be produced.
Freelance workingWorking in the TV & Film Industry is very different to that toother kinds of jobs. A high proportion of jobs in film & TV areshort term, freelance contracts.Freelance generally refers to how a person in the industry hasbeen hired to do their specified task/job and are not attached tothe production company. A Freelance contract is where abusiness employs a self employed individual who works as a‘Freelancer’. They work for businesses on a temporary basis asthey are employed by business/production company for aspecific task, job or production project. Freelancers are able tobenefit from working on a variety of different projects, enablingthem to broaden their portfolio of work.
Working ConditionsFreelancers work on short term contracts, averagely lasting for 3months, but the contracts are so varied it could even only last afew weeks.The Hours a Freelance worker can have very irregular hours ofwork which can be both benefit and a drawback. There aregood rates of pay available, and the freedom to not be tied downto one contract. However, because the work is short term, it’s anunreliable source of income and it can be tricky for a freelanceworker to make a steady living.
Is it worth it?Freelance work can be difficult. There can be many times wherea freelancer has no work for an extended period of time.Freelance Workers generally have to have a contingency planfor when they don’t have any work contracts.I believe that freelance work is more beneficial than beingcontracted to a production company. It means that freelanceworkers can vary the jobs that they have, the hours they workand have a lot of different opportunities.