Diabetes and your feet


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A simple foot exam can reveal the first signs and symptoms of diabetes and identify more serious complications that could potentially lead to lower-limb amputations. via American Podiatric Medical Association (APMA)

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Diabetes and your feet

  1. 1. “ Knock Your Socks Off” Diabetes and Your Feet Presented by: Campaign
  2. 2. What is diabetes? <ul><li>Diabetes is a disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin being produced, causing the body to improperly use sugar. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Diabetes Fast Facts <ul><li>Close to 21 million people or 7 percent of the population living in the U.S. has diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>14.6 million people diagnosed </li></ul><ul><li>6.2 million people undiagnosed </li></ul>
  4. 4. Diabetes and the Hispanic community <ul><li>2.5 million Hispanic/Latino Americans suffer from diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Half of the Hispanic/Latino population suffering from diabetes, don’t know they have it. </li></ul><ul><li>Affects 20 percent of Hispanics between the ages of 45 and 74 </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes is the sixth leading cause of death among the Hispanic community and the fourth leading cause in Hispanic women. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Types of diabetes <ul><li>Type 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Gestational </li></ul>
  6. 6. Characteristics of type 1 diabetes <ul><li>Usually first diagnosed in children, teenagers, or young adults </li></ul><ul><li>More common in Caucasians </li></ul><ul><li>Accounts for 5 to 10 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes </li></ul>
  7. 7. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes <ul><li>Frequent urination </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual thirst </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Unexplained weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Irritability </li></ul>
  8. 8. Who’s at risk? <ul><li>There is not a specific known cause for type 1 diabetes. Factors that contribute to a person’s susceptibility to the disease include: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Autoimmune deficiency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Genetics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental causes such as viruses </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Treating type 1 diabetes <ul><li>Treatment requires insulin </li></ul><ul><li>injections or an insulin pump in </li></ul><ul><li>combination with: </li></ul><ul><li>Good nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Physical activity </li></ul><ul><li>Controlling blood pressure and cholesterol </li></ul>
  10. 10. Characteristics of type 2 diabetes <ul><li>Most common form of diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Usually found in adults 40 years and older </li></ul><ul><li>Becoming more common in young people as a result of inactivity and the rise in obesity </li></ul><ul><li>About 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. </li></ul><ul><li>Hispanic/Latinos Americans are nearly twice as likely as non-Hispanic whites to develop diabetes. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes <ul><li>Frequent infections </li></ul><ul><li>Blurred vision </li></ul><ul><li>Cuts and bruises that are slow to heal </li></ul><ul><li>Tingling or numbness in hands and feet </li></ul><ul><li>Recurring skin, gum or bladder infections </li></ul>
  12. 12. Who’s at risk? <ul><li>Ethnicity plays a large factor in one’s risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Being of African American, American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian American, Pacific Islander or Hispanic American/Latino descent increases a person’s risk. Additionally, being overweight or having a family history of type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes is a risk factor. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Treating type 2 diabetes <ul><li>Because type 2 diabetes is often brought on by being over weight, it can normally be controlled by a combination of good nutrition, exercise, blood glucose monitoring and/or oral medications. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Gestational diabetes <ul><li>Occurs during pregnancy. </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs in approximately three to eight pregnancies of every 100 in America. </li></ul><ul><li>Annually, an estimated 200,000 American women, approximately 5 percent of total pregnancies, are diagnosed with the disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs among Hispanic women almost twice as often as non-Hispanic women. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Importance of early detection <ul><li>A simple foot exam can reveal the first signs and symptoms of diabetes, and identify more serious complications that could potentially lead to lower-limb amputations. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Prevalence of lower-limb amputations <ul><li>Diabetes is the cause of more than 60 percent of the non-traumatic lower-limb amputations in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Amputation rates can be reduced by 45 percent to 85 percent simply by having a comprehensive foot care program. </li></ul>
  17. 17. “ Knock Your Socks Off” <ul><li>In 2005, 1.5 million new cases of diabetes were diagnosed in people aged 20 years or older. </li></ul><ul><li>APMA’s campaign encourages physicians and patients to pay attention to the feet during regular checkups, as they can indicate serious diseases, such as diabetes. </li></ul>
  18. 18. For More Information <ul><li>For more information or to locate a local APMA member podiatrist, visit www.apma.org and click on “find a podiatrist.” </li></ul><ul><li>Visit www.apma.org/diabetes to download campaign materials. </li></ul>