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Exponential technology - How do we make sure everyone benefits?

Exponential technology - How do we make sure everyone benefits?
Democracy, democratic transhumanism, technoprogressivism, Exponential Technology How can we make sure everyone benefits? Dr. Matthijs Pontier
2. Content • Why should everyone benefit? • How do we make sure everyone benefits? • Democratic Transhumanism • Machine Ethics • When we succeed  New ethical dilemma’s Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
3. Why should everyone benefit? Who is everyone? • Does life matter? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
4. Why should everyone benefit? Who is everyone? • What is life, anyway? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016
5. Why should everyone benefit? Who is everyone? • Does life matter? • What is life, anyway? • Does human life matter? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016
6. Why should everyone benefit? Who is everyone? • Does life matter? • What is life, anyway? • Does human life matter? • Do human individuals matter? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016
7. Why build technology? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
8. Why build technology? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
9. Why build technology?
10. Why build technology? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
11. Why build technology? • Evolutionary progress • Preserve (human) life • To preserve human rights • To improve our well-being Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
12. Why build technology? • Evolutionary progress – Description of a process or goal in itself? • Preserve (human) life • To preserve human rights • To improve our well-being Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
13. Why build technology? • Evolutionary progress / Preserve humans • To preserve human rights • To improve our well-being • Hedonic utilitarianism? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016
14. Why build technology? • Evolutionary progress / Preserve humans • To preserve human rights • To improve our well-being • Hedonic utilitarianism? Matthijs Pontier, 15. Brave New World
17. How do we promote happiness?
18. Promoting happiness: Kill all unhappy people? 19. Promoting happiness: Improving autonomy? 20. How do we promote autonomy? • If everyone uses cognitive enhancers, do you still have a free choice to use it yourself?
1984, ai, autonomy, brave new world, democracy, democratic transhumanism, ethics, healthcare, human enhancement, huxley, ik ben alice, machine ethics, open source, orwell, philosophy, robots, science, tech, technology, technoprogressivism

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Exponential technology - How do we make sure everyone benefits?

  1. 1. Exponential Technology How can we make sure everyone benefits? Dr. Matthijs Pontier
  2. 2. Content • Why should everyone benefit? • How do we make sure everyone benefits? • Democratic Transhumanism • Machine Ethics • When we succeed  New ethical dilemma’s Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  3. 3. Why should everyone benefit? Who is everyone? • Does life matter? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  4. 4. Why should everyone benefit? Who is everyone? • What is life, anyway? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016
  5. 5. Why should everyone benefit? Who is everyone? • Does life matter? • What is life, anyway? • Does human life matter? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016
  6. 6. Why should everyone benefit? Who is everyone? • Does life matter? • What is life, anyway? • Does human life matter? • Do human individuals matter? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016
  7. 7. Why build technology? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  8. 8. Why build technology? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  9. 9. Why build technology?
  10. 10. Why build technology? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  11. 11. Why build technology? • Evolutionary progress • Preserve (human) life • To preserve human rights • To improve our well-being Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  12. 12. Why build technology? • Evolutionary progress – Description of a process or goal in itself? • Preserve (human) life • To preserve human rights • To improve our well-being Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  13. 13. Why build technology? • Evolutionary progress / Preserve humans • To preserve human rights • To improve our well-being • Hedonic utilitarianism? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016
  14. 14. Why build technology? • Evolutionary progress / Preserve humans • To preserve human rights • To improve our well-being • Hedonic utilitarianism? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016
  15. 15. Brave New World
  16. 16. Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  17. 17. How do we promote happiness?
  18. 18. Promoting happiness: Kill all unhappy people? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  19. 19. Promoting happiness: Improving autonomy? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  20. 20. How do we promote autonomy? • If everyone uses cognitive enhancers, do you still have a free choice to use it yourself? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human?
  21. 21. Democratic Transhumanism (or Techno-progressivism) • “Technological developments can be profoundly empowering and emancipatory when they are regulated by legitimate democratic and accountable authorities to ensure that their costs, risks and benefits are all fairly shared by the actual stakeholders to those developments” • Equal access to human enhancement technologies
  22. 22. Machine Ethics • Machines are becoming more autonomous  Rosalind Picard (1997): ‘‘The greater the freedom of a machine, the more it will need moral standards.’’ • Machines interact more with people We should manage that machines do not harm us or threaten our autonomy 22Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  23. 23. SELEMCA • Develop ‘Caredroids’: Robots or Computer Agents that assist Patients and Care-deliverers 23Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  24. 24. Possible functionalities • Care-broker: Find care that matches need patient • Companion: Become friends with the patient to prevent loneliness and activate the patient • Coach: Assist the patient in making healthy choices: Exercising, Eating healthy, Taking medicine, etc. 24
  25. 25. Moral reasoning system We developed moral reasoning system that balances between several moral goals Decisions matched medical-ethical experts 25Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  26. 26. Autonomy 26 Results: Able to simulate judge decisions about: •Assertive outreach •Judicial coercion after self- binding declaration Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  27. 27. Emotional Intelligence + Moral Reasoning: Decisions based on: 1. Rational influences – Does action help me to reach my goals? 2. Affective influences – Does action lead to desired emotions? – Does action reflect Involvement I feel towards user? – Does action reflect Distance I feel towards user? 3. Moral reasoning – Is this action morally good? 27Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  28. 28. Speed-dating Experiment Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  29. 29. Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  30. 30. Why software should be open-soure • Algorithms and robots will increasingly influence our lives • Who controls the programmers • Good ideas are made to be copied Creating extra value with no extra costs Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016
  31. 31. Why we should have mandatory Machine Ethics Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  32. 32. Why we should have mandatory Machine Ethics Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  33. 33. Why we should have mandatory Machine Ethics Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016
  34. 34. Why we should have mandatory Machine Ethics • AI-Safety • Make sure the intelligence explosion benefits us • Democratically decide about ethics technology
  35. 35. What if we succeed: Is a changed you still you? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  36. 36. Who wants to live forever? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  37. 37. If you lived forever Would you be happy? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  38. 38. Time
  39. 39. In Time Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  40. 40. Book: Machine Medical Ethics 41 • How to develop robots with human-like ethics? • Need for Open Source • How to use healthcare tech in a way that improves well-being • Changed doctor-patient relation • Deep Brain Stimulation • Sex-robots • Etc. Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  41. 41. Pirate Party & Tech-ethics • Make sure technology improves well-being • Autonomy / Freedom • Privacy • Human rights • Transparency • Open source / Open Data • E-democracy • Evidence-based policy Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn
  42. 42. Thanks! • @Matthijs85 • Matthijs Pontier • matthijs@piratenpartij.nl • http://camera-vu.nl/matthijs • http://www.linkedin.com/in/ matthijspontier Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn

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Exponential technology - How do we make sure everyone benefits? Democracy, democratic transhumanism, technoprogressivism, Exponential Technology How can we make sure everyone benefits? Dr. Matthijs Pontier 2. Content • Why should everyone benefit? • How do we make sure everyone benefits? • Democratic Transhumanism • Machine Ethics • When we succeed  New ethical dilemma’s Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn 3. Why should everyone benefit? Who is everyone? • Does life matter? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn 4. Why should everyone benefit? Who is everyone? • What is life, anyway? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 5. Why should everyone benefit? Who is everyone? • Does life matter? • What is life, anyway? • Does human life matter? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 6. Why should everyone benefit? Who is everyone? • Does life matter? • What is life, anyway? • Does human life matter? • Do human individuals matter? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 7. Why build technology? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn 8. Why build technology? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn 9. Why build technology? 10. Why build technology? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn 11. Why build technology? • Evolutionary progress • Preserve (human) life • To preserve human rights • To improve our well-being Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn 12. Why build technology? • Evolutionary progress – Description of a process or goal in itself? • Preserve (human) life • To preserve human rights • To improve our well-being Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 Where is the boundary of the human? The new technological turn 13. Why build technology? • Evolutionary progress / Preserve humans • To preserve human rights • To improve our well-being • Hedonic utilitarianism? Matthijs Pontier, Leiden, 27-2-2016 14. Why build technology? • Evolutionary progress / Preserve humans • To preserve human rights • To improve our well-being • Hedonic utilitarianism? Matthijs Pontier, 15. Brave New World 17. How do we promote happiness? 18. Promoting happiness: Kill all unhappy people? 19. Promoting happiness: Improving autonomy? 20. How do we promote autonomy? • If everyone uses cognitive enhancers, do you still have a free choice to use it yourself? 1984, ai, autonomy, brave new world, democracy, democratic transhumanism, ethics, healthcare, human enhancement, huxley, ik ben alice, machine ethics, open source, orwell, philosophy, robots, science, tech, technology, technoprogressivism

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