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Ai shifting powers 2020 01-09

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How AI will shift the distribution of power and wealth
and what we can do about it

1. How will AI shift the distribution of power? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D.
2. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How AI will shift the distribution of power
3. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
4. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
5. Is 'smart city' privatizing public services? Who controls AI in the ‘smart’ city? Who controls the data that we produce together? Who profits from the benefits? Who has to deal with the cons? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
6. Amsterdam wants to collect and share data, to: – Solve societal problems – Improve services – Smarter law enforcement – Manage public space – Improve working processes – Improve healthcare – Recognize patterns to influence behavior “Hereby, Amsterdam is happy to do business with the market”Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
7. Google Sidewalks Toronto Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
8. Google Sidewalks Toronto Should a commercial company do this? Google? Lack of transparency People sued municipality: "We don't want to be Google lab rats" Blackberry CEO: "This is a colonizing experiment in surveillance capitalism attempting to bulldoze important urban, civic and political issues." Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
9. Google wanted a share of property taxes, development fees Monetise government transportation and mobility --> Google is trying to privatize public services​Google privatizing Toronto Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
10. Google designed privacy policies city neighbourhoods.​- Individuals targeted with products. - Even targeted to influence their votes​Privacy adviser Ann Cavoukian resigned:​"I imagined us creating a smart city of privacy, as opposed to a smart city of surveillance" Toronto: "The evaluation process will determine which parts of the proposal, if any, may be pursued further." Google Sidewalks Toronto
11. Cars that free your time to do other things
12. Corporate surveillance: ‘Smart TV’
13. Monopolization Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
14. The bigger the company The bigger the power center The bigger the chance the company will misuse this power for its own benefit

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Ai shifting powers 2020 01-09

  1. 1. How will AI shift the distribution of power? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D.
  2. 2. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How AI will shift the distribution of power
  3. 3. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  4. 4. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  5. 5. Is 'smart city' privatizing public services? Who controls AI in the ‘smart’ city? Who controls the data that we produce together? Who profits from the benefits? Who has to deal with the cons? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  6. 6. Amsterdam wants to collect and share data, to: – Solve societal problems – Improve services – Smarter law enforcement – Manage public space – Improve working processes – Improve healthcare – Recognize patterns to influence behavior “Hereby, Amsterdam is happy to do business with the market”Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  7. 7. Google Sidewalks Toronto Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  8. 8. Google Sidewalks Toronto Should a commercial company do this? Google? Lack of transparency People sued municipality: "We don't want to be Google lab rats" Blackberry CEO: "This is a colonizing experiment in surveillance capitalism attempting to bulldoze important urban, civic and political issues." Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  9. 9. Google wanted a share of property taxes, development fees Monetise government transportation and mobility --> Google is trying to privatize public services​ Google privatizing Toronto Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  10. 10. Google designed privacy policies city neighbourhoods.​ - Individuals targeted with products. - Even targeted to influence their votes​ Privacy adviser Ann Cavoukian resigned:​ "I imagined us creating a smart city of privacy, as opposed to a smart city of surveillance" Toronto: "The evaluation process will determine which parts of the proposal, if any, may be pursued further." Google Sidewalks Toronto Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  11. 11. Cars that free your time to do other things
  12. 12. Corporate surveillance: ‘Smart TV’ Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  13. 13. Monopolization Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  14. 14. The bigger the company The bigger the power center The bigger the chance the company will misuse this power for its own benefit.. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  15. 15. 15-12-16 Surveillance Capitalism
  16. 16. Targeted ads
  17. 17. Pokemon Go Pokemon Go was a game by Google to lure users to stores Companies could buy ‘bait’ to lure you (physically) into their stores Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  18. 18. If technology thinks for you, Then do the programmers tell you what to think?
  19. 19. Smart TV hackers are filming couples having sex on their sofa’s and they are putting it on porn sites! Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  20. 20. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  21. 21. Who actually owns your 'smart home'? Hackers? Viruses? Terrorists? Companies that actually own your devices? The AI that tells you what to do? Or will they control themselves? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  22. 22. Mass surveillance: for one target, tens of thousands are spied on Sharing info with dubious regimes Keeping our devices insecure to hack us Will the government protect your privacy? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  23. 23. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  24. 24. Should we ban it? https://ww w.banfacial recognition .com/
  25. 25. Will the government protect your privacy? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  26. 26. Trade privacy for security? 1. Not effective 2. Leads to unhealthy power distribution 3. Privacy is a proviso for security 4. There are excellent alternatives (targeted surveillance) Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  27. 27. Think you got nothing to hide? Everybody's got something to hide Function in social relations Snowden: “I don't care about privacy, 'because I have nothing to hide', is like I don't care about free speech, Because I have nothing to say" Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  28. 28. Governments can't always be trusted Many data breaches and lost USB-sticks WRR: Government can't always be trusted with data. Sometimes, information is being manipulated. Also governments can act against the interest of people
  29. 29. Function Creep Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  30. 30. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  31. 31. Profiling Big Data algorithms get the same bias as their makers and/or their training data This amplifies discrimination of stigmatized groups (and some will use it as justification of discrimination) Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  32. 32. Algorithms get the same bias as their makers and/or training data Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  33. 33. Victims of Profiling
  34. 34. Slachtoffersvan Profiling
  35. 35. Slachtoffersvan Profiling
  36. 36. 15-12-16 SyRI https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2GkXCzYdrBY • Government combines all kinds of data you share with them • Everyone is regarded a suspect -> marked with 'risk profile' • Profile is used to accuse fraud • https://bijvoorbaatverdacht.nl/ • Februari 3rd 20.00 public event about SyRI / profiling in Huis de Pinto, St. Antoniesbreestraat 69 Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  37. 37. 15-12-16 SyRI in Rotterdam 25.000 citizens Bloemhof and Hillesluis inspected for fraud • 50% false alarm • 10% was investigated • 0(!!) cases of fraud found Experiment stopped Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift power?
  38. 38. 15-12-16 Cambridge Analytica Get people at their emotions, at their weakest moment Influence voting behavior Restarted as Emerdata
  39. 39. 15-12-16 Cambridge Analytica VS2016 Brexit Australie 2015 Kenya '13 / '17 India Malta Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  40. 40. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution
  41. 41. How can we do better? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  42. 42. ⚫ Free sharing of information, art and culture ⚫ Evidence-based policy with long-term vision ⚫ Stimulate self-determination, but keep rights ⚫ Trust civilians vs Distrust ‘power' ⚫ Enthusiastic about tech, but alert on risks ⚫ Tech to empower people; not to repress Basic principles PPNL Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., CuriousU Summer School,Twente University, 16-08-2019,Who controls our smart cities?
  43. 43. Need to improve privcacy rights, to stop corporate surveillance Set good standards for Privacy by Design / Data-ownership Regulate Big Business vs More freedom for small startups / cooperatives How can we do better? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  44. 44. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  45. 45. Tech-Commons / Techno-progressivism Democratize the way technologies are built Costs, risks, and benefits of technolohy are equally shared Equal access to technologies Develop tech in a way that promotes freedom
  46. 46. Responsible Digital Cities Control and freedom: People should stay in control over their data. Legitimate and monitored: Citizens decide how the smart city develops Commons: Collected data is from everyone – for everyone Transparency: Be open about data collection and processing Inclusive: Everybody can participate. No discrimination of stigmatized groups Tailored to the people: Humanity always comes first; Empathy https://tada.city/en/home-en/ Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  47. 47. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  48. 48. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  49. 49. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  50. 50. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  51. 51. Case: Crowd control Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  52. 52. Case: Smart traffic lights Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  53. 53. Will superintelligent AI become a new superpower? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  54. 54. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  55. 55. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  56. 56. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  57. 57. Why we should have mandatory Machine Ethics Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  58. 58. Paperclip machine Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  59. 59. 5G + IoT + AI = Superrobot “With the Internet of Things, we’re building a world-size robot. How are we going to control it?” Click here to kill everyone by Bruce Schneier Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  60. 60. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  61. 61. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  62. 62. Machine Ethics Machines are becoming more autonomous Machines and algorithms increasingly influence our lives →We should manage that machines do not harm us or threaten our autonomy 73 Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  63. 63. Moral reasoning system We developed moral reasoning system that balances between several moral goals 74 Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  64. 64. Autonomy 75 Results: Able to simulate judge decisions about: •Assertive outreach •Judicial coercion after self- binding declaration Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  65. 65. Cars that make ethical decisions Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  66. 66. Why every AI should have Machine Ethics Machine Ethics = AI-Safety Make sure the intelligence explosion benefits us Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  67. 67. Why every AI should be open-soure Algorithms and robots are increasingly influencing our lives Who will control the programmers? Good ideas are made to be copied: Creating extra value with no extra costs Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  68. 68. e-Democracy • Easily participate in democratic process • Vote on ideas; not on parties or persons • Power of Ideas replace the idea of power Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  69. 69. citizens.is Better Alamance Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  70. 70. • Everybody can add ideas • Everybody can add arguments • Best ideas and arguments automatically come up How does it work? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  71. 71. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-20
  72. 72. • Don’t vote once every few years, but always adjust vote • Representation can differ per subject • Representation is voluntary • Makes representationpersonal; implies trust Representation in an e-Democracy
  73. 73. <slide e-democracy> Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  74. 74. ⚫ Could there be a symbiosis between AI and e-democracy? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  75. 75. More reading and watching Waarom we onze slimme steden niet moeten alten inrichten door techbedrijven Vrij van controledrift, bureaucratie en armoede met een basisinkomen Boek: Machine Medical Ethics Zorgrobots, maar geen botte zorg Zelfrijdende auto's moeten leren wie ze dood willen rijden De toekomst van democratie volgens Matthijs Pontier van de Piratenpartij Idea Synergy: Innovation through co-creation Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  76. 76. Gebruik alternatieven voor Big Tech (Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Amazon) Enrypt e-mail Protonmail Encrypt phone Signal Encrypt messaging Signal Iets van het Internet afhalen bestaat niet. Betaal zoveel mogelijk contant Weiger slimme meter; Wees kritisch over ‘smart’ Toolbox.BoF.nl Gebruik Tor, VPN, DoNotTrack, uBlock, AdNauseam Privacy tips Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  77. 77. Book: Machine Medical Ethics 88 • How to develop robots with human-like ethics? • Need for Open Source • How to use healthcare tech in a way that improves well-being • Changed doctor-patient relation • Deep Brain Stimulation • Sex-robots • Etc. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?

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