Ai shifting powers 2020 01-09

Matthijs Pontier
Matthijs PontierAlgemeen Bestuur Waterschap AGV Piratenpartij. Public speaking, Consultancy, AI, Board member Meer Democratie; Stichting Drugsbeleid; Piratenpartij Amsterdam
How will AI shift the
distribution of power?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D.
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How AI will shift the distribution of power
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Ai shifting powers 2020 01-09
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Is 'smart city' privatizing public services?
Who controls AI in
the ‘smart’ city?
Who controls the
data that we
produce together?
Who profits from
the benefits?
Who has to deal
with the cons?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Amsterdam wants to collect
and share data, to:
– Solve societal problems
– Improve services
– Smarter law enforcement
– Manage public space
– Improve working processes
– Improve healthcare
– Recognize patterns
to influence behavior
“Hereby, Amsterdam is
happy to do business with
the market”Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Google Sidewalks Toronto
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Google Sidewalks Toronto
Should a commercial company do this? Google?
Lack of transparency
People sued municipality:
"We don't want to be Google lab rats"
Blackberry CEO: "This is a colonizing experiment in
surveillance capitalism attempting to bulldoze important
urban, civic and political issues."
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Google wanted a share of property taxes, development fees
Monetise government transportation and mobility
--> Google is trying to privatize public services​
Google privatizing Toronto
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Google designed privacy policies city neighbourhoods.​
- Individuals targeted with products.
- Even targeted to influence their votes​
Privacy adviser Ann Cavoukian resigned:​
"I imagined us creating a smart city of privacy,
as opposed to a smart city of surveillance"
Toronto: "The evaluation process will determine which
parts of the proposal, if any, may be pursued further."
Google Sidewalks Toronto
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Cars that free your time
to do other things
Corporate surveillance: ‘Smart TV’
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Monopolization
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
The bigger the company
The bigger the power center
The bigger the chance the
company will misuse this
power for its own benefit..
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Ai shifting powers 2020 01-09
15-12-16
Surveillance Capitalism
Targeted ads
Pokemon Go
Pokemon Go was a
game by Google to
lure users to stores
Companies could
buy ‘bait’ to lure you
(physically) into their
stores
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
If technology thinks for you,
Then do the programmers tell
you what to think?
Smart TV hackers are filming couples
having sex on their sofa’s
and they are putting it on porn sites!
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Ai shifting powers 2020 01-09
Ai shifting powers 2020 01-09
Who actually owns your 'smart home'?
Hackers? Viruses?
Terrorists?
Companies that
actually own your
devices?
The AI that tells you
what to do?
Or will they control
themselves?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Mass surveillance: for one target, tens of thousands are spied on
Sharing info with dubious regimes
Keeping our devices insecure to hack us
Will the government protect your privacy?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Should we
ban it?
https://ww
w.banfacial
recognition
.com/
Will the government protect your privacy?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Trade privacy for security?
1. Not effective
2. Leads to unhealthy power distribution
3. Privacy is a proviso for security
4. There are excellent alternatives (targeted surveillance)
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Ai shifting powers 2020 01-09
Think you got nothing to hide?
Everybody's got something to hide
Function in social relations
Snowden: “I don't care about privacy,
'because I have nothing to hide', is like
I don't care about free speech,
Because I have nothing to say"
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Governments can't always be trusted
Many data breaches and lost USB-sticks
WRR: Government can't always be trusted with data.
Sometimes, information is being manipulated.
Also governments can act against the interest of people
Function Creep
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Ai shifting powers 2020 01-09
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Profiling
Big Data algorithms get the same
bias as their makers and/or
their training data
This amplifies discrimination of
stigmatized groups
(and some will use it
as justification of discrimination)
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Algorithms get
the same bias as
their makers
and/or training
data
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Victims of Profiling
Slachtoffersvan Profiling
Ai shifting powers 2020 01-09
Slachtoffersvan Profiling
Ai shifting powers 2020 01-09
15-12-16
SyRI https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2GkXCzYdrBY
• Government combines all kinds
of data you share with them
• Everyone is regarded a suspect
-> marked with 'risk profile'
• Profile is used to accuse fraud
• https://bijvoorbaatverdacht.nl/
• Februari 3rd 20.00 public event
about SyRI / profiling in Huis de
Pinto, St. Antoniesbreestraat 69
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
15-12-16
SyRI in Rotterdam
25.000 citizens Bloemhof
and Hillesluis inspected for fraud
• 50% false alarm
• 10% was investigated
• 0(!!) cases of fraud found
Experiment stopped
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift power?
Ai shifting powers 2020 01-09
15-12-16
Cambridge Analytica
Get people at
their emotions,
at their weakest
moment
Influence voting
behavior
Restarted as
Emerdata
15-12-16
Cambridge Analytica
VS2016
Brexit
Australie
2015
Kenya
'13 / '17
India
Malta
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution
Ai shifting powers 2020 01-09
How can we do better?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
⚫ Free sharing of information, art and culture
⚫ Evidence-based policy with long-term vision
⚫ Stimulate self-determination, but keep rights
⚫ Trust civilians vs Distrust ‘power'
⚫ Enthusiastic about tech, but alert on risks
⚫ Tech to empower people; not to repress
Basic principles PPNL
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., CuriousU Summer School,Twente University, 16-08-2019,Who controls our smart cities?
Need to improve privcacy rights, to stop corporate surveillance
Set good standards for Privacy by Design / Data-ownership
Regulate Big Business vs
More freedom for small startups / cooperatives
How can we do better?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Ai shifting powers 2020 01-09
Tech-Commons / Techno-progressivism
Democratize the way technologies are built
Costs, risks, and benefits of technolohy are equally shared
Equal access to technologies
Develop tech in a way that promotes freedom
Responsible Digital Cities
Control and freedom: People should stay in control over their data.
Legitimate and monitored: Citizens decide how the smart city develops
Commons: Collected data is from everyone – for everyone
Transparency: Be open about data collection and processing
Inclusive: Everybody can participate. No discrimination of stigmatized groups
Tailored to the people: Humanity always comes first; Empathy
https://tada.city/en/home-en/
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Case: Crowd control
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Case: Smart traffic lights
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Will superintelligent
AI become a new
superpower?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Why we should have mandatory
Machine Ethics
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Paperclip machine
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
5G + IoT + AI = Superrobot
“With the Internet of
Things, we’re building a
world-size robot. How are
we going to control it?”
Click here to kill everyone
by Bruce Schneier
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Machine Ethics
Machines are becoming more autonomous
Machines and algorithms increasingly influence our lives
→We should manage that machines do not harm us
or threaten our autonomy
73
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Moral reasoning system
We developed moral reasoning system
that balances between several moral goals
74
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Autonomy
75
Results:
Able to simulate judge
decisions about:
•Assertive outreach
•Judicial coercion after self-
binding declaration
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Cars that make ethical decisions
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Why every AI
should have Machine Ethics
Machine Ethics = AI-Safety
Make sure the intelligence explosion benefits us
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Why every AI
should be open-soure
Algorithms and robots are increasingly influencing our lives
Who will control the programmers?
Good ideas are made to be copied:
Creating extra value with no extra costs
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
e-Democracy
• Easily participate in democratic process
• Vote on ideas; not on parties or persons
• Power of Ideas replace the idea of power
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
citizens.is
Better Alamance
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
• Everybody can add ideas
• Everybody can add arguments
• Best ideas and arguments automatically come up
How does it work?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-20
• Don’t vote once every few years, but always adjust vote
• Representation can differ per subject
• Representation is voluntary
• Makes representationpersonal; implies trust
Representation in an e-Democracy
<slide e-democracy>
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
⚫ Could there be a symbiosis between AI and e-democracy?
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
More reading and watching
Waarom we onze slimme steden niet moeten alten inrichten door
techbedrijven
Vrij van controledrift, bureaucratie en armoede met een basisinkomen
Boek: Machine Medical Ethics
Zorgrobots, maar geen botte zorg
Zelfrijdende auto's moeten leren wie ze dood willen rijden
De toekomst van democratie volgens Matthijs Pontier van de Piratenpartij
Idea Synergy: Innovation through co-creation
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Gebruik alternatieven voor Big Tech (Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Amazon)
Enrypt e-mail Protonmail
Encrypt phone Signal
Encrypt messaging Signal
Iets van het Internet afhalen bestaat niet.
Betaal zoveel mogelijk contant
Weiger slimme meter; Wees kritisch over ‘smart’
Toolbox.BoF.nl
Gebruik Tor, VPN, DoNotTrack, uBlock, AdNauseam
Privacy tips
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
Book: Machine Medical Ethics
88
• How to develop robots with
human-like ethics?
• Need for Open Source
• How to use healthcare tech in a
way that improves well-being
• Changed doctor-patient relation
• Deep Brain Stimulation
• Sex-robots
• Etc.
Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
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Ai shifting powers 2020 01-09

  • 1. How will AI shift the distribution of power? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D.
  • 2. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How AI will shift the distribution of power
  • 3. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 5. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 6. Is 'smart city' privatizing public services? Who controls AI in the ‘smart’ city? Who controls the data that we produce together? Who profits from the benefits? Who has to deal with the cons? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 7. Amsterdam wants to collect and share data, to: – Solve societal problems – Improve services – Smarter law enforcement – Manage public space – Improve working processes – Improve healthcare – Recognize patterns to influence behavior “Hereby, Amsterdam is happy to do business with the market”Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 8. Google Sidewalks Toronto Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 9. Google Sidewalks Toronto Should a commercial company do this? Google? Lack of transparency People sued municipality: "We don't want to be Google lab rats" Blackberry CEO: "This is a colonizing experiment in surveillance capitalism attempting to bulldoze important urban, civic and political issues." Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 10. Google wanted a share of property taxes, development fees Monetise government transportation and mobility --> Google is trying to privatize public services​ Google privatizing Toronto Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 11. Google designed privacy policies city neighbourhoods.​ - Individuals targeted with products. - Even targeted to influence their votes​ Privacy adviser Ann Cavoukian resigned:​ "I imagined us creating a smart city of privacy, as opposed to a smart city of surveillance" Toronto: "The evaluation process will determine which parts of the proposal, if any, may be pursued further." Google Sidewalks Toronto Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 12. Cars that free your time to do other things
  • 13. Corporate surveillance: ‘Smart TV’ Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 14. Monopolization Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 15. The bigger the company The bigger the power center The bigger the chance the company will misuse this power for its own benefit.. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 19. Pokemon Go Pokemon Go was a game by Google to lure users to stores Companies could buy ‘bait’ to lure you (physically) into their stores Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 20. If technology thinks for you, Then do the programmers tell you what to think?
  • 21. Smart TV hackers are filming couples having sex on their sofa’s and they are putting it on porn sites! Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 22. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 25. Who actually owns your 'smart home'? Hackers? Viruses? Terrorists? Companies that actually own your devices? The AI that tells you what to do? Or will they control themselves? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 26. Mass surveillance: for one target, tens of thousands are spied on Sharing info with dubious regimes Keeping our devices insecure to hack us Will the government protect your privacy? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 27. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 29. Will the government protect your privacy? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 30. Trade privacy for security? 1. Not effective 2. Leads to unhealthy power distribution 3. Privacy is a proviso for security 4. There are excellent alternatives (targeted surveillance) Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 32. Think you got nothing to hide? Everybody's got something to hide Function in social relations Snowden: “I don't care about privacy, 'because I have nothing to hide', is like I don't care about free speech, Because I have nothing to say" Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 33. Governments can't always be trusted Many data breaches and lost USB-sticks WRR: Government can't always be trusted with data. Sometimes, information is being manipulated. Also governments can act against the interest of people
  • 34. Function Creep Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 36. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 37. Profiling Big Data algorithms get the same bias as their makers and/or their training data This amplifies discrimination of stigmatized groups (and some will use it as justification of discrimination) Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 38. Algorithms get the same bias as their makers and/or training data Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 44. 15-12-16 SyRI https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2GkXCzYdrBY • Government combines all kinds of data you share with them • Everyone is regarded a suspect -> marked with 'risk profile' • Profile is used to accuse fraud • https://bijvoorbaatverdacht.nl/ • Februari 3rd 20.00 public event about SyRI / profiling in Huis de Pinto, St. Antoniesbreestraat 69 Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 45. 15-12-16 SyRI in Rotterdam 25.000 citizens Bloemhof and Hillesluis inspected for fraud • 50% false alarm • 10% was investigated • 0(!!) cases of fraud found Experiment stopped Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift power?
  • 47. 15-12-16 Cambridge Analytica Get people at their emotions, at their weakest moment Influence voting behavior Restarted as Emerdata
  • 48. 15-12-16 Cambridge Analytica VS2016 Brexit Australie 2015 Kenya '13 / '17 India Malta Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 49. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution
  • 51. How can we do better? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 52. ⚫ Free sharing of information, art and culture ⚫ Evidence-based policy with long-term vision ⚫ Stimulate self-determination, but keep rights ⚫ Trust civilians vs Distrust ‘power' ⚫ Enthusiastic about tech, but alert on risks ⚫ Tech to empower people; not to repress Basic principles PPNL Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., CuriousU Summer School,Twente University, 16-08-2019,Who controls our smart cities?
  • 53. Need to improve privcacy rights, to stop corporate surveillance Set good standards for Privacy by Design / Data-ownership Regulate Big Business vs More freedom for small startups / cooperatives How can we do better? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 54. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 56. Tech-Commons / Techno-progressivism Democratize the way technologies are built Costs, risks, and benefits of technolohy are equally shared Equal access to technologies Develop tech in a way that promotes freedom
  • 57. Responsible Digital Cities Control and freedom: People should stay in control over their data. Legitimate and monitored: Citizens decide how the smart city develops Commons: Collected data is from everyone – for everyone Transparency: Be open about data collection and processing Inclusive: Everybody can participate. No discrimination of stigmatized groups Tailored to the people: Humanity always comes first; Empathy https://tada.city/en/home-en/ Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 58. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 59. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 60. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 61. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 62. Case: Crowd control Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 63. Case: Smart traffic lights Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 64. Will superintelligent AI become a new superpower? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 65. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 66. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 67. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 68. Why we should have mandatory Machine Ethics Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 69. Paperclip machine Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 70. 5G + IoT + AI = Superrobot “With the Internet of Things, we’re building a world-size robot. How are we going to control it?” Click here to kill everyone by Bruce Schneier Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 71. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 72. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 73. Machine Ethics Machines are becoming more autonomous Machines and algorithms increasingly influence our lives →We should manage that machines do not harm us or threaten our autonomy 73 Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 74. Moral reasoning system We developed moral reasoning system that balances between several moral goals 74 Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 75. Autonomy 75 Results: Able to simulate judge decisions about: •Assertive outreach •Judicial coercion after self- binding declaration Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 76. Cars that make ethical decisions Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 77. Why every AI should have Machine Ethics Machine Ethics = AI-Safety Make sure the intelligence explosion benefits us Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 78. Why every AI should be open-soure Algorithms and robots are increasingly influencing our lives Who will control the programmers? Good ideas are made to be copied: Creating extra value with no extra costs Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 79. e-Democracy • Easily participate in democratic process • Vote on ideas; not on parties or persons • Power of Ideas replace the idea of power Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 80. citizens.is Better Alamance Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 81. • Everybody can add ideas • Everybody can add arguments • Best ideas and arguments automatically come up How does it work? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 82. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-20
  • 83. • Don’t vote once every few years, but always adjust vote • Representation can differ per subject • Representation is voluntary • Makes representationpersonal; implies trust Representation in an e-Democracy
  • 84. <slide e-democracy> Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 85. ⚫ Could there be a symbiosis between AI and e-democracy? Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 86. More reading and watching Waarom we onze slimme steden niet moeten alten inrichten door techbedrijven Vrij van controledrift, bureaucratie en armoede met een basisinkomen Boek: Machine Medical Ethics Zorgrobots, maar geen botte zorg Zelfrijdende auto's moeten leren wie ze dood willen rijden De toekomst van democratie volgens Matthijs Pontier van de Piratenpartij Idea Synergy: Innovation through co-creation Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 87. Gebruik alternatieven voor Big Tech (Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Amazon) Enrypt e-mail Protonmail Encrypt phone Signal Encrypt messaging Signal Iets van het Internet afhalen bestaat niet. Betaal zoveel mogelijk contant Weiger slimme meter; Wees kritisch over ‘smart’ Toolbox.BoF.nl Gebruik Tor, VPN, DoNotTrack, uBlock, AdNauseam Privacy tips Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?
  • 88. Book: Machine Medical Ethics 88 • How to develop robots with human-like ethics? • Need for Open Source • How to use healthcare tech in a way that improves well-being • Changed doctor-patient relation • Deep Brain Stimulation • Sex-robots • Etc. Matthijs Pontier, Ph.D., VU University Amsterdam,09-01-2020,How will AI shift the distribution of power?