Behaviorism PowerPoint

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Behaviorism PowerPoint

  1. 1. Learning Theory Presentation Veronica Smith Carson Summers Matthew Wimberly
  2. 2. Behaviorism <ul><li>Came into popularity during the Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Popularized by scientific research into animals </li></ul><ul><li>Two distinct methods of conditioning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Classic conditioning – using reflexes found in nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operant conditioning – introducing new reflexes through reinforcement </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Key Points of Behaviorism <ul><li>No difference between people and animals – both learn based on reinforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Conditioning is the center of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior is shaped through praise/punishment for certain responses </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity and independent thinking are not important to teaching </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ivan Pavlov <ul><li>(1849-1936) </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for classic conditioning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trained a dog to salivate when it heard a bell ring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research based on reflexes found in nature </li></ul>
  5. 5. John Watson <ul><li>(1878-1958 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for “Little Albert” experiment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conditioned an 18 month old boy to fear rats </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Give me a dozen healthy infants …and I’ll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to be any type of specialist I might select…” </li></ul>
  6. 6. B.F. Skinner <ul><li>(1904-1990) </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for the ‘Skinner Box’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experimented with operant conditioning on rats and pigeons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taught the pigeons how to bowl through operant conditioning </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Classroom Implications <ul><li>Reward charts and systems are considered effective methods of reinforcement under behaviorism. </li></ul><ul><li>Can also be applied to classroom control – ringing a bell or turning off the lights to quiet kids down, for example. </li></ul><ul><li>To utilize technology with this approach, students could be rewarded with technology-enhanced lessons in order to reinforce good behavior. </li></ul>
  8. 8. We think that behaviorism… <ul><li>Can be useful at a young age to teach skills that are fundamental to the schooling environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For instance, not throwing things and keeping quiet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can also be effective for students with behavioral issues </li></ul><ul><li>May not be as effective when students move on to more difficult concepts than basic behavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative thinking and reasoning are not a part of a behaviorist approach </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Citations <ul><li>Pavlov’s Dogs and Conditioning in People charts: http://www.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/pavlov/readmore.html </li></ul><ul><li>Ivan Pavlov: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1904/pavlov-bio.html </li></ul><ul><li>John Watson: http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesofmajorthinkers/p/watson.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://theoretical-psychology.blogspot.com/2011/09/mainstream-psychology.html </li></ul><ul><li>B. F. Skinner: http:// www.bfskinner.org/BFSkinner/AboutSkinner.html </li></ul>

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