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Three-Act Narrative Structure

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Three-Act Narrative Structure

  1. 1. Narrative Structure in Film
  2. 2. Plot The selection and ordering of events explicitly shown on screen. Story All of the chronological events that implicitly take place during the span of time of the plot.
  3. 3. Most film narratives are goal-oriented.
  4. 4. The protagonist’s pursuit of a goal determines the narrative structure.
  5. 5. The villian’s goal may also drive the plot.
  6. 6. Three-Act Structure
  7. 7. Three-Act Structure 1 Exposition
  8. 8. Three-Act Structure 1 Exposition Introduces characters and dramatic situation. Protagonist forms a goal.
  9. 9. Three-Act Structure 2 Complicating Action
  10. 10. Three-Act Structure 2 Complicating Action Protagonist faces obstacles in pursuit of goal.
  11. 11. Three-Act Structure 3 Climax and Resolution
  12. 12. Three-Act Structure 3 Climax and Resolution Protagonist confronts opposition. Goal is achieved (or not).
  13. 13. 1 Exposition Introduces characters and dramatic situation. Protagonist conceives a goal. 2 Complicating action Protagonist faces obstacles in pursuit of goal. 3 Climax and resolution Protagonist confronts opposition. Goal is achieved (or not).
  14. 14. Three-Act Structure Turning Point
  15. 15. Three-Act Structure Turning Point Protagonist gets a new goal or must change tactics in pursuit of a goal.
  16. 16. Turning Point: New situation, new goal in Act Two.
  17. 17. Turning Point: Capture leads to confrontation and climax.
  18. 18. Act Two
  19. 19. Act Two Complicating Action: Protagonist has to change tactics to achieve goal, or protagonist faces a new situation and has to cope.
  20. 20. Act Two Complicating Action: Protagonist has to change tactics to achieve goal, or protagonist faces a new situation and has to cope. Development: Protagonist struggles toward goals. Incidents create action, suspense, delay.
  21. 21. Turning point in Act Two: Change in tactics - get the broom.
  22. 22. 1 Exposition Introduces characters and dramatic situation. Protagonist conceives a goal. 2A Complicating action Protagonist faces obstacles in pursuit of goal. 2B Development Action, suspense, delay. 3 Climax and resolution Protagonist confronts opposition. Goal is achieved (or not).
  23. 23. Epilogue
  24. 24. Three-Act Structure in
  25. 25. 1 2 3 Epilogue
  26. 26. 1 Pregnant. What to do?
  27. 27. 2 Things get complicated.
  28. 28. 3 Crisis and resolution.
  29. 29. Epilogue
  30. 30. Chinatown
  31. 31. 1 Following Hollis.
  32. 32. TPNew situation. New goal.
  33. 33. 2A Who’s behind this?
  34. 34. TP“You may think you understand.”
  35. 35. 2B Looking for “the girl.”
  36. 36. TPUnder suspicion.
  37. 37. 3 Climax: The truth. Confrontation.
  38. 38. 3 Resolution
  39. 39. Analyzing Structure With classical narratives, these questions can help you analyze a movie’s structure: • What is the protagonist’s goal at the beginning of the movie? How does the protagonist pursue this goal? • Does the protagonist’s goal change? Does the protagonist have to change tactics in trying to achieve the goal? (When? Why?) • Is the goal achieved? When? How?

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