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  1. 1. Dante, 1265 – 1321 Comedy set in 1300 Comedy w. 1307-1321
  2. 2. COMEDY
  4. 4. Terza rima Nel mezzo del cammin di nostra vita mi ritrovai per una selva oscura, che la diritta via era smarrita. Ahi quanto a dir qual era e cosa dura esta selva selvaggia e aspra e forte che nel pensier rinova la paura!
  6. 6. ALLEGORY
  7. 7. Dante = Everyman “Midway on our life’s journey, I found myself In dark woods, the right road lost.”
  8. 8. unknown Italian miniaturist Dante Meeting the Three Symbolic Beasts Bodleian Library, Oxford University, UK This illustration is found in a fourteenth- century Italian codex.
  9. 9. Dark woods = worldly life Mountain lit by sun = God Three beasts blocking his way = sin Virgil = reason, human understanding Beatrice = divine revelation
  10. 10. “The only way to escape from the dark wood is to descend into Hell (man must first descend into humility before he can raise himself to salvation or God). The way up the mountain, then , is to go down: before man can hope to climb the mountain of salvation, he must first know what sin is. The purpose of Dante’s journey through Hell is precisely this: to learn all there is to know about sin as a preparation for the ascent to God. . . . His progress is slow, and there are even occasional backslidings.” - Mark Musa, The Portable Dante
  11. 11. TWO DANTES
  12. 12. Dante the poetDante the pilgrim
  13. 13. POET, not a theologian
  14. 14. 1. Limbo (Canto IV) 2. Minos (Canto V)